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Iron is a regulatory component of human IL-1beta production. Support for regional variability in the lung



Iron is a regulatory component of human IL-1beta production. Support for regional variability in the lung



American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 23(1): 112-119



The human lung accumulates iron with senescence. Smoking escalates the accumulation of iron, and we have demonstrated regional variability in the accumulation of iron in smokers' lungs. Iron has been reported to influence the production of a number of proinflammatory mediators, including human interleukin (IL)-1beta. We postulated that we could (1) demonstrate regional differences in the release of IL-1beta from human alveolar macrophages and (2) influence the production of IL-1beta in human macrophages by altering intracellular iron concentrations. To test these hypotheses, alveolar macrophages were obtained by independent lavage of the upper and lower lobes of healthy volunteers (both smokers and non-smokers), after which the ability of each population to secrete IL-1beta was quantified, together with their ability to produce tumor necrosis factor-alpha, IL-6, and IL-8. Additionally, we established an in vitro model of "iron-loaded" cells of the human myelomonocytic cell line THP-1 in order to examine more directly the effect of iron and its chelation on the secretion of IL-1beta. We report here that an intracellular, chelatable pool of iron expands with exogenous iron-loading as well as with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation and appears to suppress transcription of IL-1beta, whereas shrinkage of this pool by early chelation augments transcription of IL-1beta beyond that induced by LPS alone. And finally, we demonstrate a regional relationship in the lung between excess alveolar iron and the production of human alveolar macrophage-derived IL-1beta, suggesting a partnership between iron and inflammation that may have clinical significance, especially in relation to lung diseases with a regional predominance.

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Accession: 010885234

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10873160

DOI: 10.1165/ajrcmb.23.1.3736



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