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Iron promotes the survival and neurite extension of serum-starved PC12 cells in the presence of NGF by enhancing cell attachment

Iron promotes the survival and neurite extension of serum-starved PC12 cells in the presence of NGF by enhancing cell attachment

Molecules and Cells 15(1): 10-19

Delayed death of serum-starved PC12 cells on a poly-L-lysine (PLL) matrix was observed, even in the presence of NGF. NGF blocked the apoptotic death of attached but not detached cells, which suggests that delayed death may be related to cell detachment from the PLL matrix. Iron selectively blocked this anoikis-like death by increasing cell attachment. Interestingly, the addition of > 10 microM FeCl2 to the culture medium generated gelatinous iron precipitates, and the removal of the precipitates abolished the iron effect. Attachment experiments using poly-HEMA supported the role of iron precipitates on cell-to-matrix adhesion. The expression of integrin beta1, neither N-cadherin nor alpha/beta-catenin, was also significantly increased by iron. In addition to its effect on cell viability, iron promoted the outgrowth of neurites. Our results collectively indicate that iron functions as a necessary co-element for NGF by enhancing cell attachment, survival, and neurite extension.

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Accession: 010885311

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PMID: 12661755

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