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Iron transport in a lymphoid cell line with the hemochromatosis C282Y mutation



Iron transport in a lymphoid cell line with the hemochromatosis C282Y mutation



Blood 97(9): 2734-2740



The gene for hemochromatosis (HFE) is expressed in a variety of cells, including those not thought to be affected by this disease. The impact of HFE on iron transport was examined in B-lymphoid cell lines developed from a patient with hemochromatosis with the HFE C282Y mutation (C282Y cells) and an individual with the wild-type HFE gene (WT cells). Whereas both cell lines expressed HFE protein, C282Y cells displayed less HFE protein at the cell surface. Transferrin receptor (TfR) number was 2- to 3-fold greater in WT cells than in C282Y cells, while TfR affinity for transferrin (Tf) was slightly lower in C282Y cells. TfR distribution between intracellular and cell-surface compartments was similar in both cell lines. Iron uptake per cell was greater in WT cells but was not increased proportional to TfR number. When considered relative to cell-surface TfR number, however, iron uptake and Tf internalization were actually greater in C282Y cells. Surprisingly, Tf-independent iron uptake was also significantly greater in C282Y cells than in WT cells. The ferritin content of C282Y cells was approximately 40% that of WT cells. Exposure of cells to pro-oxidant conditions in culture led to a greater inhibition of proliferation in C282Y cells than in WT cells. Our results indicate that in this B-lymphoid cell line, the HFE C282Y mutation affects both Tf-dependent and -independent iron uptake and enhances cell sensitivity to oxidative stress. The role of HFE in iron uptake by B cells may extend beyond its known interaction with the TfR.

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Accession: 010885434

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PMID: 11313265



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