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Iron-mediated reactions of polychlorinated biphenyls in electrochemical peroxidation process (ECP)

Iron-mediated reactions of polychlorinated biphenyls in electrochemical peroxidation process (ECP)

Chemosphere 44(6): 1339-1346

A study was conducted to explore some of the basic processes of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) destruction by a new technology termed electrochemical peroxidation process (ECP). ECP represents an enhancement of the classic Fenton reaction (H2O2 + Fe2+) in which iron is electrochemically generated by steel electrodes. Focus was on the extent of adsorption of a mixture of Aroclor 1248 on steel electrodes in comparison to iron filings. Commercially available zero-valent iron filings rapidly adsorbed PCBs from an aqueous solution of Aroclor 1248. Within 4 h, all the PCBs were adsorbed at 1%, 5%, and 10% Fe0 (w/v) concentrations. Little difference in adsorption was found between acidic (2.3) and unamended solutions (pH 5.5), even though significant differences in iron oxidation state and Fe2+ concentrations were measured in solution. PCB adsorption also occurs on steel electrodes regardless of the pH or electric current applied (AC or DC), suggesting the combination of oxidizing (free radical-mediated reactions) and reducing (dechlorination reactions) iron-mediated degradation pathways may be possible. Extraction of the iron powder after 48 h of contact time yielded the progressive recovery of biphenyl with increasing Fe mass(from 0.4% to 3.5%) and changes of the PCB congener-specific pattern as a consequence of dechlorination. A variety of daughter congeners similar to those accumulated during anaerobic microbial dechlorination of Aroclor 1248 in contaminated sediments indicate preferential removal of meta- and para-chlorines.

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Accession: 010885541

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11513110

DOI: 10.1016/s0045-6535(00)00361-1

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