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Advantages and disadvantages of bordeaux mixture and of lime-sulphur used on apples in the growing season
Observations on the Umaria marine bed
10 years of hearing conservation in the Royal Air Force
Chocolate crumb - dairy ingredient for milk chocolate
Effect of daily gelatin ingestion on human scalp hair
Comparison of rice bran and maize bran as feeds for growing and fattening pigs
The composition of pampas-grass (Cortaderia argentea.)
The Accraian Series:
The mechanism of the Liebermann-Burchard reaction of sterols and triterpenes and their esters
Cerebrovascular Doppler ultrasound studies (cv-Doppler)
Toria: PT-303 - first national variety
Hair growth promoting activity of tridax procumbens
Productivity of Pekin x Khaki Campbell ducks
A stable cytosolic expression of VH antibody fragment directed against PVY NIa protein in transgenic potato plant confers partial protection against the virus
Solar treatment of wheat loose smut
Swimmers itch in the Lake of Garda
Bactofugation and the Bactotherm process
The effects of prefrontal lobotomy on aggressive behavior in dogs
Visual rating scales for screening whorl-stage corn for resistance to fall armyworm
Breakdown of seamounts at the trench axis, viewed from gravity anomaly
Kooken; pennsylvania's toughest cave
Recovery of new dinosaur and other fossils from the Early Cretaceous Arundel Clay facies (Potomac Group) of central Maryland, U.S.A
Zubor horny (Bison bonasus) v prirodnych podmienkach Slovensku
The extended Widal test in the diagnosis of fevers due to Salmonella infection
Hair of the american mastodon indicates an adaptation to a semi aquatic habitat

List of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag Chapter 10887

Chapter 10887 contains a list of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag.




Is H&E morphology coming to an end?
, Journal of Clinical Pathology 53(1): 38-40 (2000)

Is HIV infection a cofactor for cervical squamous cell neoplasia?
, Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention: a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology 8(1): 97-106 (1999)

Is HIV infection a contraindication for kidney transplantation? Reply
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 18(1): 218 (2003)

Is HIV sequestered in bone? Possible implications of virological and immunological findings in some HIV-infected patients with bone disease
, Aids 17(2): 255-257 (2003)

Is HSV serology useful for the management of first episode genital herpes?
, Sexually Transmitted Infections 79(4): 276-279 (2003)

Is Helicobacter pylori a cause of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis?
, Medical Hypotheses 55(2): 119-125 (2000)

Is Helicobacter pylori a factor in coronary atherosclerosis?
, Journal of Clinical Microbiology 37(5): 1651 (1999)

Is Helicobacter pylori associated with non-ulcer dyspepsia and will eradication improve symptoms? A meta-analysis
, BMJ 319(7216): 1040-1044 (1999)

Is Helicobacter pylori eradication associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease?
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 95(4): 914-920 (2000)

Is Helicobacter pylori infection in childhood a risk factor for gastric cancer?
, Pediatrics 107(2): 373-380 (2001)

Is Helicobacter pylori the primary cause of duodenal ulceration?
, Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 14(11): 1053-1056 (1999)

Is hepatitis C virus genotype 4 predominant in Saudi Arabia?
, New Microbiologica 22(3): 173-180 (1999)

Is Hrabeiella periglandulata (Annelida, Polychaeta) the sister group of Clitellata? Evidence from an ultrastructural analysis of the dorsal pharynx in H. periglandulata and Enchytraeus minutus (Annelida, Clitellata)
, Zoomorphology (Berlin) 122(2): 55-66 (2003)

Is Hsp90 a regulator of evolvability?
, Journal of Experimental Zoology 285(2): 116-118 (1999)

Is ICI 182,780 an antiprogestin in addition to being an antiestrogen?
, Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 60(1): 1-8 (2000)

Is ISIS-4 research misconduct?
, Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine 9(1): 5-13 (1999)

Is ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation a benefit or hindrance to testing laboratories? The Greek experience
, Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 15(6): 749-757 (2002)

Is KSHV lytic growth induced by a methylation-sensitive switch?
, Trends in Microbiology 9(10): 464-466 (2001)

Is Knipowitschia caucasica-like form from the Adriatic Sea a new goby species? Evidence from a morphological approach in the eastern Adriatic Sea
, Cybium 30 juin; 27(2): 131-136 (2003)

Is l-arginine infusion an adequate tool to assess endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the human renal vasculature?
, Clinical Science 99(4): 293-302 (2000)

Is LC-MS suitable for a comprehensive screening of drugs and poisons in clinical toxicology?
, Therapeutic Drug Monitoring 24(1): 125-133 (2002)

Is LRIG1 a tumour suppressor gene at chromosome 3p14.3?
, Acta Oncologica 41(4): 352-354 (2002)

Is Lake Erie a resilient ecosystem?
, Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 5(1): 79-93 (2002)

Is Lake Ontario the source of taste and odor compounds to the upper St. Lawrence River?
, Journal of Great Lakes Research 26(3): 315-322 (2000)

Is MDMA ('Ecstasy') neurotoxic in humans? An overview of evidence and of methodological problems in research
, Neuropsychobiology 42(1): 34-41 (2000)

Is MK2 (mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2) the key for understanding post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression?
, Biochemical Society Transactions 30(Pt 6): 959-963 (2002)

Is McCune-Albright syndrome overlooked in subjects with fibrous dysplasia of bone?
, Journal of Pediatrics 142(5): 532-538 (2003)

Is Mycobacterium tuberculosis a closer relative to Gram-positive or Gram-negative bacterial pathogens?
, Tuberculosis 82(2-3): 85-90 (2002)

Is N2O3 the main nitrosating intermediate in aerated nitric oxide (NO) solutions in vivo? If so, where, when, and which one?
, Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology 16(3): 109-120 (2002)

Is NASH underdiagnosed among African Americans?
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 97(6): 1496-1500 (2002)

Is NF-kappaB a useful therapeutic target in rheumatoid arthritis?
, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 61(Suppl): Ii13-Ii18 (2002)

Is NF-kappaB the sensor of oxidative stress?
, FASEB Journal 13(10): 1137-1143 (1999)

Is NO becoming a word from the heart?
, M-S (Medecine Sciences) 15(3): 310-318 (1999)

Is Na(+) required for the binding of dopamine, amphetamine, tyramine, and octopamine to the human dopamine transporter?
, Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 365(4): 303-311 (2002)

Is Necator americanus approaching a mutualistic symbiotic relationship with humans?
, Trends in Parasitology 17(4): 169-172 (2001)

Is Nothingham Prognostic Index correlated with apoptosis and p53 expression in infiltrating ductal carcinoma of the breast?
, Pathology Oncology Research: Por 9(2): 100-103 (2003)

Is Omphalosaurus ichthyopterygian? A phylogenetic perspective
, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 20(2): 295-301 (2000)

Is PECAM-1 a mechanoresponsive molecule?
, Cell Structure and Function 26(1): 11-17 (2001)

Is PPD a useful screening agent?
, Contact Dermatitis 48(2): 89-92 (2003)

Is Parkinson's disease the heterozygote form of Wilson's disease: PD = 1/2 WD?
, Medical Hypotheses 56(2): 171-173 (2001)

Is Posner Schlossman syndrome benign?
, Ophthalmology 108(5): 913-918 (2001)

Is Prymnesium patelliferum toxic for copepods? Grazing, egg production, and egestion of the calanoid copepod Eurytemora affinis in mixtures of good and bad food
, ICES Journal of Marine Science 56(Suppl): 131-139 (1999)

Is QT interval a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis in nondiabetic subjects? The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS)
, Stroke 30(8): 1566-1571 (1999)

Is RE1/NRSE a common cis-regulatory sequence for ChAT and VAChT genes?
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(47): 36683-36690 (2000)

Is RNA in serum bound to nucleoprotein complexes?
, Clinical Chemistry 47(9): 1744-1745 (2001)

Is Rh immune globulin needed in early first-trimester abortion? A review
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 188(3): 623-627 (2003)

Is Rhizoplaca (Lecanorales, lichenized Ascomycota) a monophyletic genus?
, Canadian Journal of Botany 78(3): 318-327 (2000)

Is Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus (Hedw.) Warnst. increasing in The Netherlands?
, Lindbergia 27(2): 63-70 (2002)

Is Ross syndrome a dysautonomic disorder only? An electrophysiologic and histologic study
, Clinical Neurophysiology 114(1): 7-16 (2003)

Is SH1-SH2-cross-linked myosin subfragment 1 a structural analog of the weakly-bound state of myosin?
, Biophysical Journal 79(1): 460-467 (2000)

Is SHORT hospital treatment safe for patients with acute myocardial infarction?
, European Heart Journal 21(12): 964-966 (2000)

Is Spizella taverneri a species or a subspecies?
, Condor ; 103(2): 418-419 (2001)

Is Staphylococcus caprae a new human pathogen? A case report and review
, Giornale Italiano di Malattie Infettive 5(5-6): 293-295 (1999)

Is Star Trek over the hill?
, Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology 38(3): 357-359 (2000)

Is Streptococcus pneumoniae the leading cause of pneumonia of unknown etiology? A microbiologic study of lung aspirates in consecutive patients with community-acquired pneumonia
, American Journal of Medicine 106(4): 385-390 (1999)

Is Syllis gracilis (Polychaeta: Syllidae) a species complex? An allozyme perspective
, Marine Biology (Berlin) 136(5): 871-879 (2000)

Is TIG1 a new tumor suppressor in prostate cancer?
, Journal of the National Cancer Institute 94(7): 469-470 (2002)

Is TIVA with remifentanil/propofol superior to sevoflurane/N2O regarding PONV in children undergoing strabismus surgery?
, Anaesthesist 48(2): 80-88 (1999)

Is TP53 dysfunction required for BRCA1-associated carcinogenesis?
, Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 155(1-2): 143-152 (1999)

Is TRAIL Hepatotoxic?
, Hepatology 34(1): 3-6 (2001)

Is theory of mind in schizophrenia more strongly associated with clinical and social functioning than with neurocognitive deficits?
, Psychopathology 35(5): 280-288 (2002)

Is TrueFISP a gradient-echo or a spin-echo sequence?
, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 49(2): 395-397 (2003)

Is type A behavior really a trigger for coronary heart disease events?
, Psychosomatic Medicine 65(3): 339-346 (2003)

Is V1 necessary for conscious vision in areas of relative cortical blindness?
, Neuroimage 13(4): 654-661 (2001)

Is Weatherbya Copel. taxonomically distinct from Lemmaphyllum Presl?
, Indian Fern Journal 17(1-2): 175-182 (2000)

Is a "color effect" demonstrated for hair analysis of carbamazepine?
, Life Sciences 67(1): 39-43 (2000)

Is a hands-off approach appropriate for red-cockaded woodpecker conservation in twenty-first-century landscapes?
, Wildlife Society Bulletin 29(3): 956-966 (2001)

Is a "vanishing tumor" always a lymphoma?
, Neurology 59(5): 762-764 (2002)

Is a 1-cm margin necessary during nephron-sparing surgery for renal cell carcinoma?
, Urology 58(6): 849-852 (2001)

Is a 5 day course of azithromycin enough for infections caused by Legionella pneumophila?
, Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 45(6): 930-931 (2000)

Is a 9-month treatment sufficient in tuberculous enterocolitis? A prospective, randomized, single-centre study
, Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 18(1): 85-91 (2003)

Is a Q-cycle-like mechanism operative in dihaemic succinate:quinone and quinol:fumarate oxidoreductases?
, FEBS Letters 543(1-3): 1-4 (2003)

Is a capacity for negative priming correlated with hypnotizability?: a preliminary study
, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 49(1): 30-37 (2001)

Is a closing "GA pair" a rule for stable loop-loop RNA complexes?
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(28): 21287-21294 (2000)

Is a combination of Tc-SPECT or perfusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging with spinal tap test helpful in the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus?
, Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 74(4): 479-484 (2003)

Is a common grouping mechanism involved in the phenomena of illusory continuity and stream segregation?
, Perception and Psychophysics 61(2): 195-205 (1999)

Is a condition-specific instrument for patients with low back pain/leg symptoms really necessary? The responsiveness of the Oswestry Disability Index, MODEMS, and the SF-36
, Spine 28(6): 607-615 (2003)

Is a cortical spike discharge "transferred" to the contralateral cortex via the corpus callosum?: An intraoperative observation of electrocorticogram and callosal compound action potentials
, Epilepsia 43(12): 1536-1542 (2002)

Is a duplication of 14q32 a new recurrent chromosomal alteration in B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma?
, Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 113(1): 19-24 (1999)

Is a fall just a fall: Correlates of falling in healthy older persons. The Health, Aging and Body Composition Study
, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 51(6): 841-846 (2003)

Is a fast necessary when initiating the ketogenic diet?
, Journal of Child Neurology 17(3): 179-182 (2002)

Is a fluid-mosaic model of biological membranes fully relevant? Studies on lipid organization in model and biological membranes
, Cellular and Molecular Biology Letters 8(1): 147-159 (2003)

Is a high hematocrit level good for patients with heart failure?
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 39(10): 1703-4; author reply 1704-5 (2002)

Is a joint moment-based cost function associated with preferred cycling cadence?
, Journal of Biomechanics 33(2): 173-180 (2000)

Is a knee brace advantageous after anterior cruciate ligament surgery? A prospective, randomised study with a two-year follow-up
, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 11(2): 110-114 (2001)

Is a large number of sputum specimens necessary for the bacteriological diagnosis of tuberculosis?
, Journal of Clinical Microbiology 38(1): 466 (2000)

Is a lifetime history of neck injury in a traffic collision associated with prevalent neck pain, headache and depressive symptomatology?
, Accident; Analysis and Prevention 32(2): 151-159 (2000)

Is a limited lymph node dissection an adequate staging procedure for prostate cancer?
, Journal of Urology 168(2): 514-8; discussion 518 (2002)

Is a low-dose Tc-99m-MIBI protocol suitable for first-pass RNV?
, Nuclear Medicine Communications 21(10): 965-970 (2000)

Is a lung perfusion scan obtained by using single photon emission computed tomography able to improve the radionuclide diagnosis of pulmonary embolism?
, Nuclear Medicine Communications 23(11): 1107-1113 (2002)

Is a mechanical or a metabolic approach superior in the treatment of coronary disease? Results of the atorvastatin versus revascularization (AVERT) trial
, European Heart Journal 22(11): 972-973 (2001)

Is a mutator analogous to the Ig hypermutator of the sheep ileal Peyer's patch active on MHC class I genes in the germ line?
, Immunogenetics 51(6): 462-472 (2000)

Is a one eyed racing driver safe to compete? Formula one (eye) or two?
, British Journal of Ophthalmology 85(5): 619-624 (2001)

Is a one-step operation for breast cancer patients presenting nipple discharge without palpable mass feasible?
, Breast 11(5): 402-407 (2002)

Is a one-week course of triple anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy sufficient to control active duodenal ulcer?
, Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 15(7): 1037-1045 (2001)

Is a prolonged bleeding time associated with an increased risk of hemorrhage after liver biopsy?
, Thrombosis and Haemostasis 81(3): 378-381 (1999)

Is a proton pump inhibitor necessary for the treatment of lower-grade reflux esophagitis?
, Journal of Gastroenterology 34(4): 435-440 (1999)

Is a purified protein derivative skin test and subsequent antituberculous chemoprophylaxis really necessary in systemic rheumatic disease patients receiving corticosteroids?
, Clinical Rheumatology 17(3): 181-185 (1998)

Is a quantitative approach useful in the comparison of spontaneous movements in fullterm and preterm infants?
, Human Movement Science 20(4-5): 717-736 (2001)

Is a rainfall simulator useful for estimating phosphorus runoff from pastures: A question of scale-dependency?
, Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 42(7): 953-959 (2002)

Is a raised intraepithelial lymphocyte count with normal duodenal villous architecture clinically relevant?
, Journal of Clinical Pathology 55(6): 424-428 (2002)

Is a review of standard procedures for cryopreservation needed?: safe and effective cryopreservation-should sperm banks and fertility centres move toward storage in nitrogen vapour?
, Human Reproduction 15(12): 2460-2463 (2000)

Is a revision necessary for the Japanese diagnostic criteria of ulcerative colitis
, Stomach and Intestine 36(4): 507-515 (2001)

Is a role of phospholipase A(2) in cholesterol gallstone formation phospholipid species-dependent?
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1532(1-2): 51-59 (2001)

Is a second injection of vasoactive medication necessary during color duplex Doppler evaluation of young patients with veno-occlusive erectile dysfunction?
, Urology 55(6): 927-930 (2000)

Is a selfish natural selection possible?
, Travaux du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 43: 425-429 (2001)

Is a single preoperative duplex scan sufficient for planning bilateral carotid endarterectomy?
, Journal of Vascular Surgery 31(2): 282-288 (2000)

Is a single time point C-reactive protein predictive of outcome in peritoneal dialysis patients?
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 14(7): 1871-1879 (2003)

Is a single vital capacity breath a suitable method for preoxygenation?
, Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 48(4): 423-424 (2001)

Is a standard protocol necessary for oscillometric blood pressure measurement in term newborns?
, Biology of the Neonate 77(4): 212-216 (2000)

Is a subset of wrist ganglia the sequela of internal derangements of the wrist joint? MR imaging findings
, Radiology 212(2): 537-540 (1999)

Is a tight patch necessary after trabeculectomy?
, British Journal of Ophthalmology 83(9): 1006-1007 (1999)

Is a widely cultivated culinary-medicinal Royal Sun Agaricus (the Himematsutake mushroom) indeed Agaricus blazei Murrill?
, International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 4(4): 267-290 (2002)

Is a wild mammal kept and reared in captivity still a wild animal?
, Hormones and Behavior 43(1): 187-196 (2003)

Is a woman's date of birth related to her risk of developing breast cancer?
, Oncology Reports 7(2): 245-247 (2000)

Is abdominal fat preferentially reduced in response to exercise-induced weight loss?
, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 31(11 Suppl): S568-S572 (1999)

Is abnormal heart rate variability a specific feature of congestive heart failure?
, American Journal of Cardiology 87(10): 1211-3; A7 (2001)

Is abnormal postprandial lipemia a familial risk factor for coronary artery disease in individuals with normal fasting concentrations of triglycerides and cholesterol?
, Coronary Artery Disease 11(5): 377-381 (2000)

Is acculturation related to use of hearing protection?
, Aihaj: a Journal for the Science of Occupational and Environmental Health and Safety 62(5): 611-614 (2001)

Is accurate self-monitoring necessary for people with acquired neurological problems to benefit from the use of differential reinforcement methods?
, Brain Injury 16(1): 75-87 (2002)

Is activated factor VII associated with retinal vein occlusion?
, British Journal of Ophthalmology 85(10): 1174-1178 (2001)

Is acupuncture effective for the treatment of chronic pain? A systematic review
, Pain. Supplement 86(3): 217-225 (2000)

Is adenocarcinoma following esophagoduodenostomy without carcinogen in the rat reflux-induced?
, Journal of Surgical Research 91(2): 111-117 (2000)

Is adenomyosis an immune disease?
, Human Reproduction Update 4(4): 360-367 (1998)

Is adjuvant tamoxifen recommended in post-menopausal node-negative breast cancer patients with high estrogen receptor values?
, International Journal of Biological Markers 15(2): 135-138 (2000)

Is adolescent pregnancy associated with adverse perinatal outcome?
, Journal of Perinatal Medicine 27(3): 199-203 (1999)

Is adrenalectomy a necessary component of radical nephrectomy? UCLA experience with 511 radical nephrectomies
, Journal of Urology 163(2): 437-441 (2000)

Is adrenomedullin a causal agent in some cases of type 2 diabetes?
, Peptides (New York) 20(12): 1471-1478 (1999)

Is adverse pregnancy outcome predictable after blunt abdominal trauma?
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 179(5): 1140-1144 (1998)

Is age a barrier to the aggressive treatment of ovarian cancer with paclitaxel and carboplatin?
, Gynecologic Oncology 75(3): 464-467 (1999)

Is age associated with size of adult extrahepatic bile duct: sonographic study
, Radiology 221(2): 411-414 (2001)

Is age at symptom onset associated with severity of memory impairment in adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder?
, American Journal of Psychiatry 158(1): 137-139 (2001)

Is age-related macular degeneration a new disease?
, Ophthalmic Research 33(2): 121-122 (2001)

Is age-related macular degeneration associated with serum lipoprotein and lipoparticle levels?
, Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 326(1-2): 97-104 (2002)

Is age-related maculopathy associated with Alzheimer's Disease? The Rotterdam Study
, American Journal of Epidemiology 150(9): 963-968 (1999)

Is ageing associated with a shift in the balance between Type 1 and Type 2 cytokines in humans?
, Clinical and Experimental Immunology 127(1): 107-114 (2002)

Is aggregation of beta-amyloid peptides a mis-functioning of a current interaction process?
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1546(2): 356-364 (2001)

Is aggressive behaviour influenced by the use of a behaviour rating scale in patients in a psychogeriatric nursing home?
, International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 15(2): 108-111 (2000)

Is aggressive cholesterol control justified? Review of the post-coronary artery bypass graft trial
, American Journal of Cardiology 82(10B): 45T-48T (1998)

Is alcohol intake associated with breast cancer in Hispanic women? The New Mexico Women's Health Study
, Ethnicity and Disease 12(4): 460-469 (2002)

Is alexithymia a permanent feature in depressed patients? Results from a 6-month follow-up study
, PsychoTherapy and Psychosomatics 69(6): 303-308 (2000)

Is all chronic pain the same? A 25-year follow-up study
, Pain 105(1-2): 309-317 (2003)

Is all cortical bone remodeling initiated by microdamage?
, Bone 30(1): 8-13 (2002)

Is all intimal proliferation created equal in cardiac allograft vasculopathy? The quantity-quality paradox
, Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation: the Official Publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 22(2): 118-123 (2003)

Is all perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for stroke equal? The temporal evolution of multiple hemodynamic parameters after focal ischemia in rats correlated with evidence of infarction
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 20(9): 1341-1351 (2000)

Is all unstable angina the same? insights from the Coronary Angioplasty Versus Excisional Atherectomy Trial (CAVEAT-I). The CAVEAT-Investigators
, American Heart Journal 137(2): 227-233 (1999)

Is all-cause mortality a useful epidemiological endpoint in vaccine trials? An example of BCG (Bacille-Calmette-Guerine)
, International Journal of Epidemiology 32(1): 161-162 (2003)

Is allergen exposure the major primary cause of asthma?
, Thorax 55(5): 424-431 (2000)

Is allergen skin test reactivity a predictor of mortality? Findings from a national cohort
, Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 30(12): 1717-1723 (2000)

Is allergy increasing? Early life influences
, Clinical and Experimental Allergy 28(Suppl 6): 2-7 (1998)

Is alpha-ketoisocaproyl-glutamine a suitable glutamine precursor to sustain fibroblast growth?
, Clinical Nutrition 18(1): 29-33 (1999)

Is alpha/beta for prostate tumors really low?
, International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 50(4): 1021-1031 (2001)

Is altered adrenal steroid biosynthesis a key intermediate phenotype in hypertension?
, Hypertension 41(5): 993-999 (2003)

Is alternate daily dose of atorvastatin effective in treating patients with hyperlipidemia? The alternate day versus daily dosing of atorvastatin study (ADDAS)
, American Heart Journal 144(4): 674-677 (2002)

Is alternative splicing of mammalian genes conservative?
, Biofizika 47(4): 587-594 (2002)

Is ambulatory carotid stenting safe? Too early to say
, Stroke 33(4): 1169-70; Author Reply 1169-70 (2002)

Is amiodarone an underrecognized cause of acute respiratory failure in the ICU?
, Chest 120(1): 275-282 (2001)

Is amniotic fluid volume influenced by a 24-hour fast?
, Journal of Reproductive Medicine 45(8): 685-687 (2000)

Is amoxapine an atypical antipsychotic? Positron-emission tomography investigation of its dopamine2 and serotonin2 occupancy
, Biological Psychiatry 45(9): 1217-1220 (1999)

Is amygdalohippocampectomy really selective in medial temporal lobe epilepsy? A study using positron emission tomography with (18)fluorodeoxyglucose
, Epilepsia 42(6): 731-740 (2001)

Is an effective immune intervention for Alzheimer's disease in prospect?
, Trends in Pharmacological Sciences 22(1): 2-3 (2001)

Is an empty left hemiscrotum and hypertrophied right descended testis predictive of perinatal torsion?
, Journal of Urology 170(4 Pt 2): 1674-5; discussion 1675-6 (2003)

Is an epitope on keratin 17 a major target for autoreactive T lymphocytes in psoriasis?
, Clinical and Experimental Immunology 117(3): 580-586 (1999)

Is an increased intestinal permeability a valid predictor of relapse in Crohn disease?
, Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 36(5): 521-527 (2001)

Is an infusion pump necessary to safely administer remifentanil?
, Anesthesia and Analgesia 90(3): 713-716 (2000)

Is an organic/functional distinction psychologically meaningful in patients with dysphonia?
, Journal of Psychosomatic Research 46(6): 497-505 (1999)

Is an ultrasound assessment of gestational age at the first antenatal visit of value? A randomised clinical trial
, British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 106(12): 1273-1279 (1999)

Is anaesthesia evidence-based? A survey of anaesthetic practice
, British Journal of Anaesthesia 82(4): 591-595 (1999)

Is anastomotic biopsy necessary before radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy?
, Journal of Urology 166(1): 111-115 (2001)

Is anesthesia caused by potentiation of synaptic or intrinsic inhibition? Recent insights into the mechanisms of volatile anesthetics
, Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology 11(2): 83-107 (2000)

Is angiomatosis an intrinsic pathohistological feature of massive osteolysis? Report of an autopsy case and a review of the literature
, Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology 442(4): 400-406 (2003)

Is angiopoietin-2 necessary for the initiation of tumor angiogenesis?
, American Journal of Pathology 153(5): 1333-1339 (1998)

Is angiotensin II a proliferative factor of cardiac fibroblasts?
, Cardiovascular Research 53(2): 304-312 (2002)

Is anhedonia a specific dimension in chronic schizophrenia?
, Schizophrenia Bulletin 26(2): 495-506 (2000)

Is ankle-brachial blood pressure measurement of clinical utility for asymptomatic elderly?
, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 54(10): 971-972 (2001)

Is ankle/arm pressure predictive for cardiovascular mortality in older patients living in nursing homes?
, Panminerva Medica 45(2): 145-150 (2003)

Is anorectal endosonography valuable in dyschesia?
, Gut 51(5): 695-700 (2002)

Is antegrade ureteroscopy better than retrograde ureteroscopy for impacted large upper ureteral calculi?
, Journal of Endourology 13(6): 441-444 (1999)

Is anteroseptal myocardial infarction an appropriate term?
, American Journal of Medicine 113(1): 37-41 (2002)

Is anti-h-caldesmon useful for distinguishing smooth muscle and myofibroblastic tumors? An immunohistochemical study
, American Journal of Clinical Pathology 114(5): 746-753 (2000)

Is anti-topoisomerase I a serum marker of pulmonary involvement in systemic sclerosis?
, Chest 116(3): 715-720 (1999)

Is antibiotic prophylaxis without risk?
, Infection 28(5): 259-260 (2000)

Is antidepressant-benzodiazepine combination therapy clinically more useful? A meta-analytic study
, Journal of Affective Disorders 65(2): 173-177 (2001)

Is antigen CD56 (neural cell adhesion molecule) characteristic of malignant plasma cells?
, Central European Journal of Immunology 24(3): 162-165 (1999)

Is antigen presentation the primary function of HLA-G?
, Microbes and Infection 3(4): 323-332 (2001)

Is antihistamine (H1-receptor antagonist) therapy useful in clinical asthma?
, Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 29(Suppl): 98-104 (1999)

Is antimicrobial susceptibility testing necessary before second-line treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection?
, Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 17(12): 1545-1551 (2003)

Is antimicrobial therapy of value for all children with acute otitis media?
, Infection 27(3): 156-158 (1999)

Is antithyroid treatment really relevant for young patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism?
, Endocrine Journal 49(3): 307-314 (2002)

Is any female preponderance in depression secondary to a primary female preponderance in anxiety disorders?
, Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 103(4): 252-256 (2001)

Is any form of gender selection ethical?
, Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 19(9): 431-432 (2002)

Is aortic dilatation an atherosclerosis-related process? Clinical, laboratory, and transesophageal echocardiographic correlates of thoracic aortic dimensions in the population with implications for thoracic aortic aneurysm formation
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 42(6): 1076-1083 (2003)

Is aortic stenosis a preventable disease?
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 42(4): 593-599 (2003)

Is aortic valve replacement with bileaflet prostheses still contraindicated in the elderly?
, Gerontology 48(6): 374-380 (2002)

Is aortic valve resistance more clinically meaningful than valve area in aortic stenosis?
, Heart 82(1): 9-10 (1999)

Is apolipoprotein(a) a susceptibility gene for type I diabetes mellitus and related to long-term survival?
, Diabetologia 42(8): 1021-1027 (1999)

Is apomorphine neurotoxic?
, Biogenic Amines 16(4-5): 463-471 (2001)

Is apoptosis a mechanism of cell death of cardiomyocytes in chronic chagasic myocarditis?
, International Journal of Cardiology 68(3): 325-331 (1999)

Is apoptosis in antral mucosa correlated with serum nitrite concentration in Japanese Helicobacter pylori-infected patients?
, Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 18(5): 498-504 (2003)

Is arcA3 a possible mediator in the signal transduction pathway during agonist cell cycle arrest by salicylic acid and UV irradiation?
, Journal of Cell Science 112: 1181-1190 (1999)

Is arrhythmia detection by automatic external defibrillator accurate for children?: sensitivity and specificity of an automatic external defibrillator algorithm in 696 pediatric arrhythmias
, Circulation 103(20): 2483-2488 (2001)

Is arterial hypertension an underlying factor in the increased serum Lp(a) levels in ESRD dialyzed patients?
, Renal Failure 24(5): 631-638 (2002)

Is arthritis more common in children with Down syndrome?
, Rheumatology 41(10): 1191-1193 (2002)

Is asking patients in palliative care, "are you depressed?" Appropriate? Prospective study
, BMJ 327(7411): 372-373 (2003)

Is assemblage variability related to environmental variability? An answer for riverine fish
, Oikos 93(3): 419-428 (2001)

Is asthma a risk factor for dental caries? Finding from a cohort study
, Caries Research 35(4): 235-239 (2001)

Is asthma in the elderly really different?
, Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases 65(5): 347-353 (1998)

Is asthma really due to a polarized T cell response toward a helper T cell type 2 phenotype?
, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 164(8 Pt 1): 1343-1346 (2001)

Is atherosclerosis accelerated in young patients with end-stage renal disease? The contribution of paediatric nephrology
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 17(5): 719-722 (2002)

Is attendance at Alcoholics Anonymous meetings after inpatient treatment related to improved outcomes? A 6-month follow-up study
, Alcohol and Alcoholism 38(5): 421-426 (2003)

Is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder an energy deficiency syndrome?
, Biological Psychiatry 50(3): 151-158 (2001)

Is attentional selection to different levels of hierarchical structure based on spatial frequency?
, Journal of Experimental Psychology. General 128(1): 88-94 (1999)

Is atypical depression a moderate severity depression? A 536-case study
, Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience: Jpn 24(3): 244-247 (1999)

Is atypical follicular adenoma of the thyroid a preinvasive malignancy?
, Human Pathology 34(7): 666-669 (2003)

Is audio computer-assisted self-interviewing a feasible method of surveying in Zimbabwe?
, International Journal of Epidemiology 29(5): 885-890 (2000)

Is auditory evoked potential augmenting/reducing affected by acute tryptophan depletion?
, Biological Psychology 59(2): 121-133 (2002)

Is autism a G-alpha protein defect reversible with natural vitamin A?
, Medical Hypotheses 54(6): 979-983 (2000)

Is autism due to cerebral-cerebellum disconnection?
, Medical Hypotheses 58(4): 332-336 (2002)

Is autocrine ATP release required for activation of volume-sensitive chloride channels?
, Journal of Neurophysiology 90(4): 2791-2; Author Reply 2792-3 (2003)

Is autologous bone marrow transplant (ABMT) and high-dose chemotherapy an approach that can rescue some children with advanced cancer disease?
, Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 18(7): 443-451 (2001)

Is autonomic dysfunction a necessary condition for chronic peptic ulcer formation?
, Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 14(Suppl): 82-86 (2000)

Is autonomic support of arterial blood pressure related to habitual exercise status in healthy men?
, Journal of Physiology 540(Pt 2): 701-706 (2002)

Is autotopoagnosia real? EC says yes. A case study
, Neuropsychologia 40(10): 1744-1749 (2002)

Is average adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy enough?
, Journal of General Internal Medicine 17(10): 812-813 (2002)

Is avian humoral immunocompetence suppressed by testosterone?
, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 45(3-4): 167-175 (1999)

Is avoidance of air contact necessary for the in vitro evaluation of thrombogenicity in mechanical circulatory assist devices?
, Artificial Organs 24(9): 729-733 (2000)

Is axillary lymph node dissection indicated for early-stage breast cancer? A decision analysis
, Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 17(5): 1465-1473 (1999)

Is axillary lymph node dissection necessary in elderly patients with breast carcinoma who have a clinically uninvolved axilla?
, Cancer 97(5): 1156-1163 (2003)

Is axillary temperature an appropriate surrogate for core temperature?
, Indian Journal of Pediatrics 67(8): 571-574 (2000)

Is bacterial vaginosis a sexually transmitted infection
, Sexually Transmitted Infections 77(5): 390 (2001)

Is bacterioplankton production in the Ria de Aveiro influenced by salt marshes and bed sediment?
, Aquatic Ecology 36(4): 469-482 (2002)

Is beach-spawning success for capelin, Mallotus villosus (Muller), a function of the beach?
, ICES Journal of Marine Science 59(5): 897-908 (2002)

Is behavioral sensitization to ethanol associated with contextual conditioning in mice?
, Behavioural Pharmacology 14(2): 129-136 (2003)

Is being Hispanic a risk factor for non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)?
, Ethnicity and Disease 9(2): 278-283 (1999)

Is benzodiazepine-induced amnesia due to deactivation of the left prefrontal cortex?
, Psychopharmacology 150(3): 292-299 (2000)

Is beta-adrenergic-mediated airway relaxation of salmeterol antagonized by its solvent xinafoic acid?
, Chest 115(6): 1678-1683 (1999)

Is beta-amyloid fibrillogenesis a strict process of deposition inherently interactive in molecular terms?
, Medical Hypotheses 61(2): 292-296 (2003)

Is beta-galactosidase staining a marker of senescence in vitro and in vivo?
, Experimental Cell Research 257(1): 162-171 (2000)

Is beta-pleated sheet the molecular conformation which dictates formation of helicoidal cuticle?
, Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 29(3): 285-292 (1999)

Is betamethasone effective longer than 7 days after treatment?
, Obstetrics and Gynecology 97(4): 491-493 (2001)

Is bilateral ultrasound scanning of the legs necessary for patients with unilateral symptoms of deep vein thrombosis?
, Journal of Vascular Surgery 34(5): 792-797 (2001)

Is bile flow reduced in patients with hypothyroidism?
, Surgery 133(3): 288-293 (2003)

Is bipolar disorder specifically associated with panic disorder in youths?
, Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 63(5): 414-419 (2002)

Is bipolar disorder still underdiagnosed? Are antidepressants overutilized?
, Journal of Affective Disorders 52(1-3): 135-144 (1999)

Is bisacodyl absorbed at all from suppositories in man?
, International Journal of Pharmaceutics 196(1): 11-20 (2000)

Is bladder outlet obstruction normal in elderly men without lower urinary tract symptoms?
, Neurourology and Urodynamics 18(6): 545 (1999)

Is blastocyst transfer useful as an alternative treatment for patients with multiple in vitro fertilization failures?
, Fertility and Sterility 72(2): 218-220 (1999)

Is blood glucose predictable from previous values? A solicitation for data
, Diabetes 48(3): 445-451 (1999)

Is blood homocysteine elevated in migraine?
, Headache 41(8): 779-781 (2001)

Is blood pressure response to the Valsalva maneuver related to neurohormones, exercise capacity, and clinical findings in heart failure?
, Chest 116(4): 861-867 (1999)

Is body mass index a risk factor for motor vehicle driver injury? A cohort study with prospective and retrospective outcomes
, International Journal of Epidemiology 32(1): 147-149 (2003)

Is body mass index the prognostic factor in breast cancer?: a meta-analysis
, Journal of Korean Medical Science 16(5): 610-614 (2001)

Is bone turnover a determinant of bone mass in rheumatoid arthritis?
, Journal of Rheumatology 25(12): 2339-2344 (1998)

Is bowel preparation useful before radiography of the renal tract in patients with spinal cord injury?
, BJU International 85(3): 224-226 (2000)

Is bradykinin a mediator of renal neuropeptide Y effects?
, Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology 438(6): 797-803 (1999)

Is brain cancer an occupational disease of cardiologists?
, Canadian Journal of Cardiology 14(11): 1385-1388 (1998)

Is breakdown of the blood-brain barrier responsible for lacunar stroke, leukoaraiosis, and dementia?
, Stroke 34(3): 806-812 (2003)

Is breast cancer care in accord with clinical practice guidelines: a consumer audit
, Breast 11(6): 509-515 (2002)

Is breathing in infants chaotic? Dimension estimates for respiratory patterns during quiet sleep
, Journal of Applied Physiology 86(1): 359-376 (1999)

Is brisk walking an adequate aerobic training stimulus for cardiac patients?
, Chest 122(5): 1852-1856 (2002)

Is bronchoscopic photodynamic therapy a therapeutic option in lung cancer?
, European Respiratory Journal 22(3): 535-541 (2003)

Is buoyancy regulation in cyanobacteria an adaptation to exploit separation of light and nutrients?
, Marine and Freshwater Research 50(8): 897-906 (1999)

Is burning semen syndrome a variant form of seminal plasma hypersensitivity?
, Obstetrics and Gynecology 101(1): 93-102 (2003)

Is cabergoline a better drug to inhibit lactation in patients with psychotic symptoms?
, Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience: Jpn 27(1): 54 (2002)

Is cadmium a cause of human pancreatic cancer?
, Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention: a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology 9(2): 139-145 (2000)

Is caffeine a risk factor for bone loss in the elderly?
, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 74(5): 569-570 (2001)

Is calcifying fibrous pseudotumor a late sclerosing stage of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor?
, American Journal of Surgical Pathology 23(3): 329-335 (1999)

Is calciphylaxis best treated surgically or medically?
, Surgery 128(6): 967 (2000)

Is calcitonin an important physiological substance?
, Endocrine 21(3): 201-208 (2003)

Is calcium the clue?
, European Heart Journal 23(20): 1562-1565 (2002)

Is calculating pack-years retrospectively a valid method to estimate life-time tobacco smoking? A comparison between prospectively calculated pack-years and retrospectively calculated pack-years
, Addiction 96(11): 1653-1662 (2001)

Is cancer an autoimmune process dependent on anti-apoptotic autoantibodies?
, Medical Hypotheses 55(2): 103-108 (2000)

Is cancer mortality increasing in France?
, British Journal of Cancer 85(11): 1664-1666 (2001)

Is cancer really a 'local' cellular clonal disease?
, Medical Hypotheses 59(5): 560-565 (2002)

Is cancer related to hypertension or to its treatment?
, Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 21(5-6): 937-946 (1999)

Is capillary electrophoresis a method of choice for systematic toxicological analysis?
, Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 41(6): 773-781 (2003)

Is captopril useful in decreasing pleural drainage in children after modified Fontan operation?
, American Journal of Cardiology 84(9): 1109-12 A10 (1999)

Is carbamazepine teratogenic? A prospective controlled study of 210 pregnancies
, Neurology 57(2): 321-324 (2001)

Is carbohydrate deficient transferrin a useful marker of harmful alcohol intake among surgical patients?
, European Journal of Surgery 165(6): 522-527 (1999)

Is carbohydrate metabolism altered among women who have undergone a preeclamptic pregnancy?
, Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation 48(4): 241-246 (1999)

Is carbohydrates-deficient transferrin the best test of the alcoholic etiology in acute pancreatitis?
, Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 93(8): 529-534 (2001)

Is carbonyl detoxification an important anti-aging process during sleep?
, Medical Hypotheses 54(4): 519-522 (2000)

Is cardiovascular disease a risk factor in the development of axonal polyneuropathy?
, Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 72(5): 590-595 (2002)

Is cardiovascular disease preventable by vaccination?
, Annals of Medicine 31(1): 61-65 (1999)

Is cardiovascular reactivity associated with atherosclerosis among hypertensives?
, Hypertension 40(5): 742-747 (2002)

Is care and support associated with preventive behaviour among people with HIV?
, Aids Care 11(5): 537-546 (1999)

Is carotid angiography necessary? Editors disagree
, Stroke 34(7): 1819 (2003)

Is carotid angioplasty and stenting more cost effective than carotid endarterectomy?
, Journal of Vascular Surgery 37(2): 331-339 (2003)

Is carotid atherosclerosis closely associated with coronary artery disease in Chinese patients in Hong Kong?
, Zhonghua Xinxueguanbing Zazhi 29(10): 584-586 (2001)

Is carotid endarterectomy cost-effective in symptomatic patients with moderate (50% to 69%) stenosis?
, Journal of Vascular Surgery 30(6): 1024-1033 (1999)

Is carotid intima-media thickness useful in cardiovascular disease risk assessment? The Rotterdam Study
, Stroke 32(7): 1532-1538 (2001)

Is caspase-3 inhibition a valid therapeutic strategy in cerebral ischemia?
, Drug Discovery Today 6(13): 671-680 (2001)

Is cataract surgery justified in patients with age related macular degeneration? A visual function and quality of life assessment
, British Journal of Ophthalmology 84(12): 1343-1348 (2000)

Is cell and molecular biology divorcing from clinical practice?
, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 167(9): 1164-1165 (2003)

Is cell-mediated immunity related to the evolution of life-history strategies in birds?
, Proceedings. Biological Sciences 269(1495): 1059-1066 (2002)

Is cellulose sponge degradable or stable as implantation material? An in vivo subcutaneous study in the rat
, Biomaterials 20(21): 1989-1995 (1999)

Is centralized histopathology review necessary for screen-detected breast lesions?
, Breast 8(6): 320-327 (1999)

Is cerebral perfusion pressure a major determinant of cerebral blood flow during head elevation in comatose patients with severe intracranial lesions?
, Journal of Neurosurgery 92(4): 606-614 (2000)

Is ceruloplasmin an important catalyst for S-nitrosothiol generation in hypercholesterolemia?
, Free Radical Biology and Medicine 30(3): 318-326 (2001)

Is characterization of a single isolate sufficient for valid publication of a new genus or species? Proposal to modify recommendation 30b of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision)
, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 51(6): 2221-2225 (2001)

Is chemical contamination responsible for the decline of the copper redhorse (Moxostoma hubbsi), an endangered fish species, in Canada?
, Science of the Total Environment 298(1-3): 25-44 (2002)

Is chemiluminescent immunoassay an appropriate substitution for radioimmunoassay in monitoring estradiol levels?
, Fertility and Sterility 73(6): 1174-1178 (2000)

Is chemotherapy alone adequate for young women with oestrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer?
, Lancet 355(9218): 1869-1874 (2000)

Is child health at risk while families wait for housing vouchers?
, American Journal of Public Health 91(8): 1191-1192 (2001)

Is child-centered tobacco prevention a trap?
, American Journal of Public Health 93(3): 369-370 (2003)

Is childhood asthma an inflammatory disease?
, Allergy 54(Suppl): 62-67 (1999)

Is chromosomal speciation occurring in house mice in Tunisia?
, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 68(3): 387-399 (1999)

Is chronic inflammation a determinant of blood pressure in the elderly?
, American Journal of Hypertension 16(7): 537-543 (2003)

Is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease related to sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome?
, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 167(1): 3-4 (2002)

Is chronic tension-type headache a vascular headache? The relation between chronic tension-type headache and cranial hemodynamics
, Headache 38(9): 668-675 (1998)

Is cigarette smoking associated with impaired physical and mental functional status? An office-based survey of primary care patients
, American Journal of Preventive Medicine 17(2): 134-137 (1999)

Is cisplatin required for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer? Experience and preliminary results of a phase I/II trial with topotecan and vinorelbine
, Oncology 61(Suppl): 35-41 (2001)

Is cisplatin-induced cell death always produced by apoptosis?
, Molecular Pharmacology 59(4): 657-663 (2001)

Is clinical breast examination an acceptable alternative to mammographic screening?
, Bmj 321(7268): 1071-1073 (2000)

Is clinical depression distinct from subthreshold depressive symptoms? A review of the continuity issue in depression research
, Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 189(8): 498-506 (2001)

Is clinical examination an adequate predictor of respiratory dysfunction after bilateral carotid endarterectomy?
, Vascular Surgery 33(5): 447-450 (1999)

Is clinical expressiveness of Paget's disease of bone decreasing?
, Bone 30(2): 399-403 (2002)

Is clinical information important when interpreting breast fine needle aspirates?
, Breast 7(6): 340-343 (1998)

Is clinical neurology really so difficult?
, Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 72(5): 557-559 (2002)

Is clinical practice variability the major reason for differences in pathology requesting patterns in general practice?
, Journal of Clinical Pathology 55(4): 312-314 (2002)

Is clutch size individually optimized?
, Behavioral Ecology 10(5): 504-509 (1999)

Is clutch size limited by incubation ability in northern lapwings?
, Journal of Animal Ecology 72(5): 784-792 (2003)

Is clutch size of Slaty-backed Gulls determined by incubation cost?
, Japanese Journal of Ornithology 48(2): 127-133 (1999)

Is coasting effective for preventing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in patients receiving a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist during an in vitro fertilization cycle?
, Fertility and Sterility 76(4): 844-846 (2001)

Is coating of tubing required when endothelin-1 is infused intravenously?
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 18(8): 1677-1678 (2003)

Is coeliac disease a confounding factor in the diagnosis of NASH?
, Gut 49(4): 596 (2001)

Is cognitive behavior therapy just a 'nonspecific' intervention for depression? A retrospective comparison of consecutive cohorts treated with cognitive behavior therapy or supportive counseling and pill placebo
, Journal of Affective Disorders 57(1-3): 63-71 (2000)

Is cognitive performance impaired in pressure chamber situation?
, Travail Humain 62(1): 25-36 (1999)

Is cognitive therapy suitable for treating individuals with personality dysfunction?
, Cognitive Therapy and Research 24(5): 595-606 (2000)

Is collagen breakdown during periodontitis linked to inflammatory cells and expression of matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases in human gingival tissue?
, Journal of Periodontology 72(10): 1398-1406 (2001)

Is color Doppler ultrasonography useful for the detection of gastric varices?
, Journal of Gastroenterology 37(8): 679-680 (2002)

Is color-flow duplex a good diagnostic test for detection of isolated calf vein thrombosis in high-risk patients?
, Angiology 51(9): 705-710 (2000)

Is colorectal cancer screening necessary in the preoperative assessment of inguinal herniorrhaphy? A case-control study
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 96(6): 1914-1917 (2001)

Is combination antimicrobial therapy required for urinary tract infection in children?
, Journal of Microbiology Immunology and Infection 36(1): 56-60 (2003)

Is combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy equally effective as surgical resection in localized esophageal carcinoma?
, International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 45(2): 265-270 (1999)

Is combined spinal-epidural analgesia associated with more rapid cervical dilation in nulliparous patients when compared with conventional epidural analgesia?
, Anesthesiology 91(4): 920-925 (1999)

Is common sheath extravesical reimplantation an effective technique to correct reflux in duplicated collecting systems?
, Journal of Urology 170(4 Pt 2): 1545-7; Discussion 1547 (2003)

Is comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder related to greater pathology and impairment?
, American Journal of Psychiatry 159(11): 1940-1943 (2002)

Is comparison of changes in cardiac output, assessed by different methods, better than only comparing cardiac output to the reference method?
, British Journal of Anaesthesia 89(2): 336-7; author reply 337-9 (2002)

Is compartment pressure related to plasma colloid osmotic pressure, in patients during and after cardiac surgery?
, Perfusion 16(2): 137-145 (2001)

Is compensatory vasoconstrictor tone in the hindquarter vascular region induced by hemorrhage in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats?
, Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 85(1): 109-113 (2001)

Is compulsory restriction of tar yield of cigarettes a worthwhile public health policy?
, American Journal of Preventive Medicine 21(4): 284-290 (2001)

Is conservative organ-sparing treatment of penile carcinoma justified?
, European Urology 38(3): 306-312 (2000)

Is conservative treatment of HELLP syndrome safe?
, European Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 80(2): 139-141 (1998)

Is conservative treatment of deep neck space infections appropriate?
, Head and Neck 23(2): 126-133 (2001)

Is contact allergy in man lifelong? An overview of patch test follow-ups
, Contact Dermatitis 44(3): 137-139 (2001)

Is core needle biopsy superior to fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the diagnosis of papillary breast lesions?
, Diagnostic Cytopathology 28(6): 329-334 (2003)

Is coronary angiography performed in the appropriate patients after acute myocardial infarction? Clinical and angiographic findings and one-year mortality in a large unselected cohort of 2493 consecutive patients in a French region (the PRIMA study)
, Acta Cardiologica 58(1): 23-29 (2003)

Is coronary angioplasty safe in the elderly?
, Canadian Journal of Cardiology 17(4): 401-406 (2001)

Is coronary risk an accurate surrogate for cardiovascular risk for treatment decisions in mild hypertension? A population validation
, Journal of Hypertension 19(4): 691-696 (2001)

Is counterion delocalization responsible for collapse in RNA folding?
, Biochemistry 39(47): 14365-14370 (2000)

Is creatine kinase a target for AMP-activated protein kinase in the heart?
, Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 34(9): 1111-1120 (2002)

Is creatine kinase responsible for fatigue? Studies of isolated skeletal muscle deficient in creatine kinase
, FASEB Journal 14(7): 982-990 (2000)

Is crude oil bioremediation affected by changes in ambient ultraviolet radiation?
, Marine Pollution Bulletin 38(11): 1022-1025 (1999)

Is crustacean hyperglycaemic hormone precursor-related peptide a circulating neurohormone in crabs?
, Cell and Tissue Research 307(1): 129-138 (2002)

Is cryopreservation a homogeneous process? Ultrastructure and motility of untreated, prefreezing, and postthawed spermatozoa of Diplodus puntazzo (Cetti)
, Cryobiology 42(4): 244-255 (2001)

Is curettage needed for uncomplicated incomplete spontaneous abortion?
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 179(5): 1279-1282 (1998)

Is cutaneous malignant melanoma associated with the use of antibacterial soaps?
, Medical Hypotheses 53(1): 73-75 (1999)

Is cyanoacetylene prebiotic?
, Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere: the Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life 32(3): 279-281 (2002)

Is cyclic vomiting syndrome related to migraine?
, Journal of Pediatrics 134(5): 567-572 (1999)

Is cyclical vomiting an abdominal form of migraine in children?
, Digestive Diseases and Sciences 44(8 Suppl): 23s-25s (1999)

Is cyclooxygenase-2 important in skin carcinogenesis?
, Journal of Environmental Pathology Toxicology and Oncology: Official Organ of the International Society for Environmental Toxicology and Cancer 21(2): 183-191 (2002)

Is cyclooxygenase-2 the alpha and the omega in cancer?
, Journal of Clinical Investigation 105(11): 1511-1513 (2000)

Is cytochrome P450 2C9 genotype associated with NSAID gastric ulceration?
, British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 51(6): 627-630 (2001)

Is cytokine removal by continuous hemofiltration feasible?
, Kidney International. Supplement 1999(72): S79-S83 (1999)

Is cytomegalovirus infection a co-factor in HIV-1 disease progression?
, Epidemiology and Infection 125(2): 415-420 (2000)

Is daidzein non-metabolizer a high risk for prostate cancer? A case-controlled study of serum soybean isoflavone concentration
, Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 32(8): 296-300 (2002)

Is daily use of sunscreens of benefit in the U.K.?
, British Journal of Dermatology 146(4): 659-662 (2002)

Is dawn simulation effective in ameliorating the difficulty awakening in seasonal affective disorder associated with hypersomnia?
, Journal of Affective Disorders 69(1-3): 231-236 (2002)

Is decompressive craniectomy for acute cerebral infarction of any benefit?
, Surgical Neurology 53(3): 225-230 (2000)

Is decreased HIV-1 infectivity of placental macrophages caused by high levels of alpha-chemokines?
, Cellular and Molecular Biology Online Papers 47(8): OL51-OL59 (2001)

Is decreased treatment time in hemodialysis patients harmful if solute clearance is maintained?
, International Journal of Artificial Organs 25(9): 844-851 (2002)

Is delayed gastric emptying following pancreaticoduodenectomy related to pylorus preservation?
, Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 384(4): 354-359 (1999)

Is delayed laparotomy for blunt abdominal trauma a valid quality improvement measure in the era of nonoperative management of abdominal injuries?
, Journal of Trauma 52(3): 426-433 (2002)

Is delayed normalization of alanine aminotransferase a poor prognostic predictor in chronic hepatitis C patients treated with a combined interferon and ribavirin therapy?
, Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 17(12): 1307-1311 (2002)

Is delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase rate limiting in heme biosynthesis following exposure of cells to delta-aminolevulinic acid?
, Photochemistry and Photobiology 73(3): 312-317 (2001)

Is depressed myocyte contractility centrally involved in heart failure?
, Circulation Research 92(4): 350-358 (2003)

Is depression a risk factor for dementia or cognitive decline? A review
, Gerontology 46(4): 219-227 (2000)

Is depression an adaptation?
, Archives of General Psychiatry 57(1): 14-20 (2000)

Is depression associated with immune activation?
, Journal of Affective Disorders 53(2): 179-184 (1999)

Is determination of exercise intensities as percentages of VO2max or HRmax adequate?
, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 31(9): 1342-1345 (1999)

Is diabetes mellitus a risk factor for carotid endarterectomy? A prospective study
, Surgery 129(2): 146-152 (2001)

Is diabetic hypercoagulability an acquired annexinopathy? Glycation of annexin II as a putative mechanism for impaired fibrinolysis in diabetic patients
, Medical Hypotheses 59(3): 247-251 (2002)

Is diabetic nephropathy inherited? Studies of glomerular structure in type 1 diabetic sibling pairs
, Diabetes 48(4): 865-869 (1999)

Is diabetic retinopathy an inflammatory disease?
, British Journal of Ophthalmology 86(4): 363-365 (2002)

Is diagnostic iodine-131 scanning with recombinant human TSH useful in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid cancer after thyroid ablation?
, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 87(4): 1490-1498 (2002)

Is diagnostic testicular fine needle aspiration necessary in azoospermic men before sperm aspiration/extraction for intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles?
, Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 17(2): 93-96 (2000)

Is dialysis membrane type responsible for increased circulating adhesion molecules during chronic hemodialysis?
, Clinical Nephrology 52(5): 312-321 (1999)

Is diastolic heart failure synonymous with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction?
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 42(7): 1335; Author Reply 1335-6 (2003)

Is diclofenac a valuable CYP2C9 probe in humans?
, European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 56(11): 793-797 (2001)

Is diet-shifting facilitated by modulation of pancreatic enzymes? Test of an adaptational hypothesis in Yellow-rumped Warblers
, Auk 118(4): 1101-1107 (2001)

Is dietary carbohydrate essential for human nutrition?
, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 75(5): 951 (2002)

Is diffusion imaging appearance an independent predictor of outcome after ischemic stroke?
, Neurology 59(9): 1381-1387 (2002)

Is digestive capacity limiting growth at low temperatures in roach?
, Journal of Fish Biology 62(2): 358-374 (2003)

Is digital dexterity really related to corticospinal projections?: A re-analysis of the Heffner and Masterton data set using modern comparative statistics
, Behavioural Brain Research 101(2): 173-187 (1999)

Is digitalis a therapy for breast carcinoma?
, Oncology Reports 6(3): 493-496 (1999)

Is dimethyl sulphide production related to microzooplankton herbivory in the southern North Sea?
, Journal of Plankton Research 25(2): 235-242 (2003)

Is dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine a substrate for convertase?
, American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 278(1): L19-L24 (2000)

Is direct closure dangerous for treatment of doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defect?
, Annals of Thoracic Surgery 67(3): 756-8; discussion 758-9 (1999)

Is disease severity in ankylosing spondylitis genetically determined?
, Arthritis and Rheumatism 44(6): 1396-1400 (2001)

Is disomic homozygosity at the APECED locus the cause of increased autoimmunity in Down's syndrome?
, Archives of Disease in Childhood 81(2): 147-150 (1999)

Is dopamine implicated in the antidepressant-like effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in the mouse forced swimming test?
, Psychopharmacology 159(1): 42-50 (2001)

Is dopamine important in nicotine dependence?
, Journal of Physiology Paris 92(3-4): 229-233 (1998)

Is double C2 protein (DOC2) expressed in bovine adrenal medulla? A commercial anti-DOC2 monoclonal antibody recognizes a major bovine mitochondrial antigen
, Biochemical Journal 351(Pt 1): 33-37 (2000)

Is drug use by the elderly with cognitive impairment influenced by type of dementia?
, Pharmacotherapy 19(4): 430-436 (1999)

Is duplex ultrasonography useful for the diagnosis of giant-cell arteritis?
, Annals of Internal Medicine 137(4): 232-238 (2002)

Is dynamics the content of a generalized motor program for rhythmic interlimb coordination?
, Journal of Motor Behavior 34(3): 233-251 (2002)

Is early age-related maculopathy related to cognitive function? The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
, American Journal of Ophthalmology 134(6): 828-835 (2002)

Is early dispersal enterprise or exile? Evidence from radio-tagged buzzards
, Journal of Avian Biology 30(4): 407-415 (1999)

Is early invasive treatment of unstable coronary artery disease equally effective for both women and men?
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 39(9): 1565 (2002)

Is early ischemic lesion volume on diffusion-weighted imaging an independent predictor of stroke outcome? A multivariable analysis
, Stroke 31(11): 2597-2602 (2000)

Is early postoperative duplex scan surveillance of leg bypass grafts clinically important?
, Journal of Vascular Surgery 37(3): 495-500 (2003)

Is early, low level, short term exercise cardiac rehabilitation following coronary bypass surgery beneficial? A randomised controlled trial
, Heart 88(1): 83-84 (2002)

Is eccentric exercise-induced torque decrease contraction type dependent?
, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 34(6): 1003-1008 (2002)

Is egg-damaging behavior by great spotted cuckoos an accident or an adaptation?
, Behavioral Ecology 11(5): 495-501 (2000)

Is elective hernia repair worthwhile in old patients?
, European Journal of Surgery 165(4): 326-332 (1999)

Is electrical stimulation during administration of catecholamines required for the evaluation of success after ablation of atrioventricular node re-entrant tachycardias?
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 39(4): 689-694 (2002)

Is electrodermal testing as effective as skin prick tests for diagnosing allergies? A double blind, randomised block design study
, BMJ 322(7279): 131-134 (2001)

Is electrostimulation of the pelvic floor an effective treatment for neurogenic faecal incontinence?
, Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 34(3): 319-324 (1999)

Is embryo research and preimplantation genetic diagnosis ethical?
, Forensic Science International 113(1-3): 461-475 (2000)

Is emergency thoracotomy always the most appropriate immediate intervention for systemic air embolism after lung trauma?
, Chest 116(1): 234-237 (1999)

Is enalapril adequate for the prevention of renal tissue damage caused by unilateral ureteral obstruction and/or hyperoxaluria?
, Urological Research 31(3): 212-217 (2003)

Is endogenous isoprene the only coeluting compound in the measurement of breath pentane?
, Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 299(1-2): 193-198 (2000)

Is endometrial pre-treatment of value in improving the outcome of transcervical resection of the endometrium?
, Human Reproduction 15(9): 1989-1992 (2000)

Is endometriosis really associated with pain?
, Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation 54(Suppl): 18-21; Discussion 21-23 (2002)

Is endoscopic decompression of the neonatal extravesical upper pole ureterocele necessary for prevention of urinary tract infections or bladder neck obstruction?
, Journal of Urology 167(3): 1440-1442 (2002)

Is endotracheal adrenaline deleterious because of the beta adrenergic effect?
, Anesthesia and Analgesia 92(6): 1408-1412 (2001)

Is enhanced fetal growth a risk factor for the development of atopy or asthma?
, International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 118(2-4): 408-410 (1999)

Is enough attention being given to the adverse effects of corticosteroid therapy?
, Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics 25(3): 227-234 (2000)

Is enteral administration of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) a palatable alternative to IV injection? Pre-clinical evaluation in normal rodents
, Nuclear Medicine and Biology 29(3): 363-373 (2002)

Is epilepsy a progressive disease? The neurobiological consequences of epilepsy
, Epilepsia 41(Suppl): S13-S22 (2000)

Is epilepsy surgery possible in countries with limited resources?
, Epilepsia 41(Suppl): S31-S34 (2000)

Is epileptogenic cortex truly hypometabolic on interictal positron emission tomography?
, Annals of Neurology 48(1): 88-96 (2000)

Is epinephrine administration by sublingual tablet feasible for the first-aid treatment of anaphylaxis? A proof-of-concept study
, Biopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition 23(5): 213-216 (2002)

Is epoetin alfa a treatment option for chemotherapy-related anemia in children?
, Medical and Pediatric Oncology 39(4): 455-458 (2002)

Is epsilon-aminocaproic acid as effective as aprotinin in reducing bleeding with cardiac surgery?: a meta-analysis
, Circulation 99(1): 81-89 (1999)

Is epsilon4 allele of apolipoprotein E associated with more severe end-organ damage in essential hypertension?
, Cell Biochemistry and Function 19(3): 191-195 (2001)

Is eradication of Helicobacter pylori with colloidal bismuth subcitrate quadruple therapy safe?
, Helicobacter 6(2): 151-156 (2001)

Is erythrocyte damage prevented by gardos effect in hemodialyzed uremic patients?
, Artificial Organs 24(9): 743-745 (2000)

Is esophagogastroduodenoscopy necessary in all caustic ingestions?
, Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 32(1): 50-53 (2001)

Is essential tremor symmetric? Observational data from a community-based study of essential tremor
, Archives of Neurology 55(12): 1553-1559 (1998)

Is estradiol cardioprotection a nitric oxide-mediated effect?
, Human Reproduction 17(7): 1918-1924 (2002)

Is ethanol an important antioxidant in alcoholic beverages associated with risk reduction of cataract and atherosclerosis?
, Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research 4(3): 89-93 (1999)

Is ethanol genotoxic? A review of the published data
, Mutagenesis 16(2): 91-101 (2001)

Is ethical theory of practical use in conducting community health studies?
, Environmental Epidemiology and Toxicology 2(2-3): 67-73 (2000)

Is euthanasia compatible with palliative care?
, Singapore Medical Journal 40(5): 365-370 (1999)

Is evaluative research on youth suicide programs theory-driven? The Canadian experience
, Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 32(2): 176-190 (2002)

Is everything all right if nothing seems wrong? A simple method of assessing the diagnostic value of endoscopic procedures when a gold standard is absent
, Journal of Urology 161(4): 1116-1119 (1999)

Is evisceration of the eye more painful than enucleation?
, European Journal of Anaesthesiology 16(2): 117 (1999)

Is exercise blood pressure a marker of vascular endothelial function?
, Qjm: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians 95(7): 423-429 (2002)

Is exercise of value in the prevention of fragility fractures in men?
, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 12(4): 197-210 (2002)

Is exercise-induced myocardial injury self-abating?
, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33(5): 850-851 (2001)

Is exon 5 of the PTEN/MMAC1 gene a prognostic marker in anaplastic glioma?
, Neurosurgical Review 24(2-3): 97-102 (2001)

Is experience as a prisoner of war a risk factor for accelerated age-related illness and disability?
, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 47(1): 60-64 (1999)

Is exposure to alcohol during pregnancy a risk factor for autism?
, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 32(3): 243 (2002)

Is expressed emotion cause or effect in the mothers of schizophrenic young adults?
, Schizophrenia Research 45(1-2): 65-78 (2000)

Is extended clonazepam cotherapy of fluoxetine effective for outpatients with major depression?
, Journal of Affective Disorders 70(3): 251-259 (2002)

Is extended lymphadenectomy valuable in palliatively gastrectomized patients with gastric cancer and simultaneous peritoneal metastasis?
, Hepato-Gastroenterology 47(32): 563-566 (2000)

Is extrahepatic biliary atresia related to viral infections?
, Acta Paediatrica Taiwanica 43(2): 79-81 (2002)

Is extravasation a Fas-regulated process?
, Molecular Medicine Today 5(2): 61-67 (1999)

Is face recognition not so unique after all?
, Cognitive Neuropsychology 17(1): 125-142 (2000)

Is fall burning preferable to spring burning for promoting growth characteristics favorable for mechanical harvesting in Vaccinium myrtilloides Michaux?
, HortScience 35(4): 608-610 (2000)

Is familial non-medullary thyroid carcinoma more aggressive than sporadic thyroid cancer? A multicenter series
, Surgery 128(6): 1043-50;discussion 1050-1 (2000)

Is family history of breast cancer a marker of susceptibility to exposures in the incidence of de novo adult acute leukemia?
, Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention: a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology 12(4): 289-294 (2003)

Is fascia lata allograft material trustworthy for pubovaginal sling repair?
, Urology 56(5): 772-776 (2000)

Is fast mapping good mapping? A review of the benefits of high-speed orientation mapping using electron backscatter diffraction
, Journal of Microscopy 205(Pt 3): 259-269 (2002)

Is fasting glucose sufficient to define diabetes? Epidemiological data from 20 European studies
, Diabetologia 42(6): 647-654 (1999)

Is fasting insulin associated with blood pressure in obese children?
, Annals of Human Biology 27(5): 499-506 (2000)

Is fat intake important in the public health control of obesity?
, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 72(1): 203-206 (2000 )

Is fatter fitter? Body storage and reproduction in ten populations of the freshwater amphipod Gammarus minus
, Oecologia (Berlin) 122(3): 335-345 (2000)

Is female investment in defence correlated with breeding success in Hen Harriers Circus cyaneus?
, Bird Study y; 50(2): 142-145 (2003)

Is female preference for male repertoires due to sensory bias?
, Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences Series B 266(1435): 2309-2314 (1999)

Is fern genus Lepidogrammitis Ching taxonomically distinct from Lemmaphyllum Presl?
, Indian Fern Journal 16(1-2): 87-95 (1999)

Is fetal gender significant in the perinatal outcome of pregnancies complicated by placental abruption?
, Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 19(6): 612-614 (1999)

Is final computer validation of reports in general biochemistry still of interest?
, Annales de Biochimie Clinique du Quebec 38(1): 7-13 (2000)

Is fine-needle aspiration biopsy a practical alternative to open biopsy for the primary diagnosis of sarcoma? Experience with 140 patients
, American Journal of Clinical Pathology 115(1): 59-68 (2001)

Is first trimester exposure to the combination of antiretroviral therapy and folate antagonists a risk factor for congenital abnormalities?
, Sexually Transmitted Infections 77(6): 441-443 (2001)

Is fluid-attenuated inversion recovery MRI more sensitive than conventional MRI for hypoglycemic brain injury?
, Neurology 55(7): 1064-1065 (2000)

Is folding of beta-lactoglobulin non-hierarchic? Intermediate with native-like beta-sheet and non-native alpha-helix
, Journal of Molecular Biology 296(4): 1039-1051 (2000)

Is follicular atresia biphasic?
, Fertility and Sterility 70(5): 851-859 (1998)

Is follow up by specialists routinely needed after elective surgery? A controlled trial
, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 53(2): 118-124 (1999)

Is foot squeezing pressure by two raptor species sufficient to subdue their prey?
, Condor 100(4): 757-763 (1998)

Is forequarter amputation justified for palliation of intractable cancer symptoms?
, Oncology 60(1): 55-59 (2001)

Is formation of visible channels in a phospholipid bilayer by botulinum neurotoxin type B sensitive to its disulfide?
, Journal of Structural Biology 128(3): 297-304 (1999)

Is fractal geometry useful in medicine and biomedical sciences?
, Medical Hypotheses 54(3): 360-366 (2000)

Is fracture risk increased in patients with coeliac disease?
, Gut 52(4): 459-460 (2003)

Is fragile X mental retardation protein involved in activity-induced plasticity of dendritic spines?
, Brain Research 972(1-2): 9-15 (2003)

Is frequency of drinking an indicator of problem drinking? A psychometric analysis of a modified version of the alcohol use disorders identification test in Switzerland
, Drug and Alcohol Dependence 64(2): 151-163 (2001)

Is frequent dosing with ecstasy a risky business for dopamine-containing neurons?
, Trends in Pharmacological Sciences 24(6): 272-274 (2003)

Is freshwater quality adequately defined by physico-chemical components? Results from two drought-affected estuaries on the east coast of South Africa
, ine and Freshwater Research 52(3): 267-281 (2001)

Is frontal lobe involved in the generation of auditory evoked P50?
, Neuroreport 12(15): 3303-3307 (2001)

Is frozen-section diagnosis a reliable guide in surgical treatment of stage I endometrial carcinoma?
, Acta Oncologica 41(5): 444-446 (2002)

Is functional upregulation of the 5-HT2B receptor in deoxycorticosterone acetate salt-treated rats blood pressure dependent?
, General Pharmacology 33(6): 439-447 (1999)

Is funduscopy useful in assessing the systemic arteriosclerosis?
, Rinsho Ganka 53(5): 1023-1026 (1999)

Is fungal alpha-amylase in bread an allergen?
, Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 30(4): 560-565 (2000)

Is gametophyte sexuality in the laboratory a good predictor of sexuality in nature?
, American Fern Journal 92(2): 112-118 (2002)

Is gamma-secretase a multienzyme complex for membrane protein degradation? Models and speculations
, Peptides 23(7): 1317-1321 (2002)

Is gastric lavage needed in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid?
, European Journal of Pediatrics 158(4): 315-317 (1999)

Is gender a factor in psychiatrists' evaluation and treatment of patients with major depression?
, Journal of Affective Disorders 63(1-3): 149-157 (2001)

Is gender selection an appropriate use of medical resources?
, Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 19(9): 438-439 (2002)

Is gender still a non-field?
, Sozial- und Praventivmedizin 47(1): 4-5 (2002)

Is gene deletion in eukaryotes sequence-dependent? A study of nine deletion junctions and nineteen other deletion breakpoints in intron 7 of the human dystrophin gene
, Gene 222(1): 41-51 (1998)

Is gene expression in Halobacterium NRC-1 regulated by multiple TBP and TFB transcription factors?
, Molecular Microbiology 36(5): 1184-1185 (2000)

Is gene therapy for hypertension possible?
, Hypertension 33(1): 8-13 (1999)

Is genetic analysis useful in the routine management of hydatidiform mole?
, Human Reproduction 18(2): 243-249 (2003)

Is genetics the unrecognized confounding factor in bioelectromagnetics? Flock-dependence of field-induced anoxia protection in chick embryos
, Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics 48(1): 209-215 (1999)

Is genotype or phenotype the better tool for investigating the role of ACE in human cardiovascular disease?
, European Heart Journal 23(14): 1083-1086 (2002)

Is genus or species identification of periphytic diatoms required to determine the impacts of river regulation?
, Journal of Applied Phycology 11(3): 273-283 (1999)

Is geographic range correlated with climatic range in Australian Spyridium taxa?
, Australian Journal of Botany 47(5): 755-767 (1999)

Is geomagnetic activity a risk factor for sudden unexplained death in epilepsies?
, Neurology 54(4): 903-908 (2000)

Is gliadin mispresented to the immune system in coeliac disease? A hypothesis
, Qjm: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians 92(2): 119-122 (1999)

Is glucagon-like peptide 1 an incretin hormone?
, Diabetologia 42(3): 373-379 (1999)

Is glutamine essential for the maintenance of intestinal function? A study in the isolated perfused rat small intestine
, International Journal of Colorectal Disease 14(2): 86-94 (1999)

Is glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonism as effective in women as in men following percutaneous coronary intervention?. Lessons from the ESPRIT study
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 40(6): 1085-1091 (2002)

Is glycosylated haemoglobin a marker of fertility? A follow-up study of first-pregnancy planners
, Human Reproduction 14(6): 1478-1482 (1999)

Is gonadotrope expression of the gonadotropin releasing hormone receptor gene mediated by autocrine/paracrine stimulation of an activin response element?
, Endocrinology 140(4): 1949-1952 (1999)

Is granuloma annulare related to intermediate uveitis with retinal vasculitis?
, British Journal of Ophthalmology 87(6): 763-766 (2003)

Is greater continuity of care associated with less emergency department utilization?
, Pediatrics 103(4 Pt 1): 738-742 (1999)

Is greater tissue activity of creatine kinase the genetic factor increasing hypertension risk in black people of sub-Saharan African descent?
, Journal of Hypertension 18(11): 1537-1544 (2000)

Is green fluorescent protein toxic to the living cells?
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 260(3): 712-717 (1999)

Is guanfacine useful in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
, Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience 27(2): 152 (2002)

Is gut the major source of proinflammatory cytokine release during polymicrobial sepsis?
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1454(3): 289-295 (1999)

Is habituation a mechanism for neighbor recognition in green frogs?
, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 48(2): 165-168 (2000)

Is hafnium a valid surrogate for plutonium for biochemical and biokinetic studies in vivo?
, Chemical Speciation and Bioavailability 10(3): 107-114 (1998)

Is head injury a risk factor for schizophrenia?
, Schizophrenia Research 55(1-2): 93-98 (2002)

Is hearing preservation useful in vestibular schwannoma surgery?
, Annals of Otology Rhinology and Laryngology 111(5 Pt 1): 392-396 (2002)

Is heart failure survival improving? Evidence from 2323 elderly patients hospitalized between 1989-2000
, American heart journal 146(1): 111-114 (2003)

Is heart rate reduction beneficial to patients with chronic congestive heart failure?
, HeartDrug 2(3): 135-141 (2002)

Is heart rate variability a reliable method to assess autonomic modulation in left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure? Assessment of autonomic modulation with heart rate variability
, International Journal of Cardiology 67(1): 9-17 (1998)

Is heavy alcohol consumption an attributable risk factor for cancer-related deaths among Japanese men?
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 24(3): 382-385 (2000)

Is hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis an autoimmune disease?
, Blood 100(7): 2677; Author Reply 2678-9 (2002)

Is hepatic cytochrome P4501A1 expression predictive of hepatic burdens of dioxins, furans, and PCBs in Atlantic tomcod from the Hudson River estuary?
, Aquatic Toxicology 54(3-4): 217-230 (2001)

Is hepatic resection absolutely contraindicated for hepatocellular carcinoma in Child-Pugh class C cirrhotic patients?
, Hepato-Gastroenterology 46(26): 635-639 (1999)

Is hepatic resection for multiple liver metastases from colorectal carcinoma acceptable treatment?
, Hepato-Gastroenterology 48(39): 803-807 (2001)

Is hepatitis C virus a sialotropic virus?
, American Journal of Pathology 159(4): 1593-1594 (2001)

Is hepatitis C virus co-infection associated with survival in HIV-infected patients treated by combination antiretroviral therapy?
, Aids 16(10): 1357-1362 (2002)

Is hepatitis G/GB virus-C virus hepatotropic? Detection of hepatitis G/GB virus-C viral RNA in liver and serum
, Journal of Medical Virology 58(2): 160-164 (1999)

Is hepatobiliary scintigraphy indeed insensitive for the diagnosis of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction?
, Gut 52(9): 1385 (2003)

Is hepatobiliary scintigraphy insensitive for the diagnosis of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction?
, Gut 52(9): 1385-1386 (2003)

Is hereditary hemochromatosis a balanced polymorphism: an analysis of family size among hemochromatosis heterozygotes
, Hepato-Gastroenterology 48(38): 523-526 (2001)

Is herpes simplex virus associated with pulp/periapical inflammation?
, Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology and Endodontics 91(3): 359-361 (2001)

Is hexavalent chromium carcinogenic via ingestion? A weight-of-evidence review
, Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part a 65(10): 701-746 (2002)

Is high blood pressure a late manifestation of the hypertension syndrome?
, American Journal of Hypertension 12(12 part 3): 215S-223S (1999)

Is high peritoneal transport rate an independent risk factor for CAPD mortality?
, Kidney International 57(1): 314-320 (2000)

Is high resolution magnifying colonoscope combined with indigo carmine dye (ICD) scattering useful for the diagnosis of colorectal tumors?
, Stomach and Intestine 34(13): 1665-1673 (1999)

Is high-dose estrogen-induced osteogenesis in the mouse mediated by an estrogen receptor?
, Bone 27(1): 41-46 (2000)

Is high-resolution computed tomography a reliable tool to predict the histopathological activity of pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis?
, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 162(1): 264-270 (2000)

Is high-sensitivity C-reactive protein an effective screening test for cardiovascular risk?
, Archives of Internal Medicine 162(8): 867-869 (2002)

Is higher-taxon analysis an useful surrogate of species richness in studies of Neotropical mammal diversity?
, Biological Conservation 108(1): 101-106 (2002)

Is hippocampal atrophy a specific change for Alzheimer's disease?
, No to Shinkei 51(11): 947-951 (1999)

Is hirudin a potential therapeutic agent for arthritis?
, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 61(6): 561-562 (2002)

Is histidine an essential amino acid in ruminant animals?
, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 14(Special Issue): 123-130 (2001)

Is home peak expiratory flow monitoring effective for controlling asthma symptoms?
, Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics 26(5): 311-317 (2001)

Is homozygous alpha-thalassaemia a lethal condition in the 1990s?
, Acta Paediatrica 87(11): 1197-1199 (1998)

Is hormesis an evolutionary expectation?
, Functional Ecology 14(1): 12-24 (2000)

Is hormone replacement therapy associated with an increased risk of irritable bowel syndrome?
, Maturitas 44(2): 133-140 (2003)

Is hormone replacement therapy protective for venous ulcer of the lower limbs?
, Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety 10(3): 245-251 (2001)

Is hormone replacement therapy safe for breast cancer patients?
, Journal of the National Cancer Institute 93(10): 733-734 (2001)

Is hospital-acquired intravascular catheter-related sepsis associated with outbreak strains of coagulase-negative staphylococci?
, Journal of Hospital Infection 46(2): 130-134 (2000)

Is host activity necessary to elicit brood parasitism by cowbirds?
, Ethology Ecology and Evolution e; 13(2): 161-171 (2001)

Is housework good for health? Levels of physical activity and factors associated with activity in elderly women. Results from the British Women's Heart and Health Study
, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 56(6): 473-478 (2002)

Is human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I really silent?
, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B Biological Sciences 355(1400): 1013-1019 (2000)

Is human chorionic gonadotropin useful for identifying and treating nonpalpable testis?
, Journal of Urology 165(1): 221-223 (2001)

Is human gait initiation program affected by a reduction of the postural basis?
, Neuroscience Letters 285(2): 150-154 (2000)

Is human imitation based on a mirror-neurone system? Some behavioural evidence
, Experimental Brain Research 143(3): 335-341 (2002)

Is human immunodeficiency virus RNA load composed of neutralized immune complexes?
, Journal of Infectious Diseases 185(8): 1051-1054 (2002)

Is human myometrial sampling at the time of cesarean delivery safe?
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 183(6): 1583-1586 (2000 )

Is human papillomavirus testing of value in clinical practice?
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 180(5): 1049-1053 (1999)

Is human thioredoxin monomeric or dimeric?
, Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 8(2): 426-429 (1999)

Is humane slaughter of fish possible for industry?
, Aquaculture research 34(3): 211-220 (2003)

Is hyaline degeneration of the cornea a precursor of Salzmann's corneal degeneration?
, British Journal of Ophthalmology 87(7): 922-923 (2003)

Is hydrocortisone clearance 50% slower in the evening than in the morning?
, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 86(2): 948-949 (2001)

Is hydroxylamine-induced cytotoxicity a valid marker for hypersensitivity reactions to sulfamethoxazole in human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals?
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 291(3): 1356-1364 (1999)

Is hydroxyurea leukemogenic in children with sickle cell disease?
, Blood 98(9): 2878-2879 (2001)

Is hygiene promotion cost-effective? A case study in Burkina Faso
, Tropical Medicine and International Health: Tm and Ih 7(11): 960-969 (2002)

Is hyperdiploidy of immature ejaculated germ cells predictive of testis malignancy? A comparative study in healthy normozoospermic, infertile, and testis tumor suffering subjects
, Laboratory Investigation; A Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology 79(9): 1127-1135 (1999)

Is hyperhomocysteinemia due to the oxidative depletion of folate rather than to insufficient dietary intake?
, Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 39(8): 691-694 (2001)

Is hyperprolinemia type I actually a benign trait? Report of a case with severe neurologic involvement and vigabatrin intolerance
, Journal of Child Neurology 16(8): 622-623 (2001)

Is hypertension a leading cause of heart failure in Chinese?
, Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 29(9): 850-851 (2002)

Is hypertension a major risk factor in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage?
, Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 114(8-9): 307-314 (2002)

Is hypertension associated with hemifacial spasm?
, Neurology 60(2): 343-344 (2003)

Is hypertension common in hospitalized type 2 diabetic patients?
, Saudi Medical Journal 22(2): 139-141 (2001)

Is hypertension well controlled in hypertensive diabetics
, Saudi Medical Journal 24(4): 356-360 (2003)

Is hyperthermia the triggering factor for hepatotoxicity induced by 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy)? An in vitro study using freshly isolated mouse hepatocytes
, Archives of Toxicology 74(12): 789-793 (2001)

Is hyperuricemia a risk factor of stroke and coronary heart disease among Africans?
, International Journal of Cardiology 71(1): 17-22 (1999)

Is ictal recording mandatory in temporal lobe epilepsy? Not when the interictal electroencephalogram and hippocampal atrophy coincide
, Archives of Neurology 57(4): 497-500 (2000)

Is ileostomy necessary in surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis and familial polyposis?
, Harefuah 135(10): 428-431, 487 (1998)

Is immune senescence reversible?
, Vaccine 18(16): 1721-1724 (2000)

Is immune system influenced by adenotonsillectomy in children?
, International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 66(3): 251-257 (2002)

Is immunostaining for Helicobacter pylori superior to the special stain thiazine in detecting small numbers of H. pylori in gastric biopsies?
, Applied Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Morphology: Aimm 10(1): 82-84 (2002)

Is immunosuppression therapy in renal allograft recipients teratogenic? A single-center experience
, American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part a 116a(1): 31-36 (2003)

Is impaired folate absorption a factor in neural tube defects?
, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 72(1): 3-4 (2000)

Is impaired outcome following a first manic episode due to mood-incongruent psychosis?
, Journal of Affective Disorders 61(1-2): 87-94 (2000)

Is impaired renal function a contraindication to the use of low-molecular-weight heparin?
, Archives of Internal Medicine 162(22): 2605-2609 (2002)

Is impingement the cause of jumper's knee? Dynamic and static magnetic resonance imaging of patellar tendinitis in an open-configuration system
, American Journal of Sports Medicine 30(3): 388-395 (2002)

Is implant pacemaker a physicochemical cause triggering Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease?
, In Vivo 16(1): 73-76 (2002)

Is implicit learning spared in amnesia? Rule abstraction and item familiarity in artificial grammar learning
, Neuropsychologia 40(12): 2185-2197 (2002)

Is inactivity the origin of essential hypertension: should we all be runners?
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 15(11): 1751-1754 (2000)

Is inappropriate therapy a resolved issue with current implantable cardioverter defibrillators?
, American Journal of Cardiology 83(5B): 40D-44D (1999)

Is incidental appendectomy necessary during radical cystectomy?
, Urologia Internationalis 69(3): 181-183 (2002)

Is incontinence associated with menopause?
, Obstetrics and Gynecology 98(4): 628-633 (2001)

Is increased CAG repeat length in the androgen receptor gene a risk factor for male subfertility?
, Journal of Urology 167(2 Pt 1): 621-623 (2002)

Is increased D2 receptor availability associated with response to stimulant medication in ADHD
, Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 43(11): 755-760 (2001)

Is increased arachidonic acid release a cause or a consequence of replicative senescence?
, Experimental Gerontology 36(1): 65-78 (2001)

Is increased redox-active iron in Alzheimer disease a failure of the copper-binding protein ceruloplasmin?
, Free Radical Biology and Medicine 26(11-12): 1508-1512 (1999)

Is increased surveillance for asymptomatic syphilis in an HIV outpatient department worthwhile?
, Sexually Transmitted Infections 79(3): 257-259 (2003)

Is increasing age associated with mortality in the critically ill elderly
, Singapore Medical Journal 43(1): 33-36 (2002)

Is indeterminism the source of the statistical character of evolutionary theory?
, Philosophy of Science 66(1): 140-157 (1999)

Is indinavir crystalluria an indicator for indinavir stone formation?
, Aids 15(8): 1079-1080 (2001)

Is individual variation in competitive performance of reared juvenile cod influenced by haemoglobin genotype?
, Sarsia 29: 265-274 (2000)

Is inducible nitric oxide synthase a target for chemoprevention?
, Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 2(8): 815-823 (2003)

Is induction of type 2 programmed death in cancer cells from solid tumors directly related to mitochondrial mass?
, Medical Hypotheses 57(1): 87-90 (2001)

Is infection control an academic study?
, Journal of Hospital Infection 41(1): 7-10 (1999)

Is infection risk linked to exercise workload?
, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 32(7 Suppl): S406-S411 (2000)

Is inflammation good for the ischemic heart: Perspectives beyond the ordinary
, Zeitschrift fuer Kardiologie 89(Suppl 9): IX/82-IX/87 (2000)

Is inflammation related to the clinical severity of unstable angina?
, Japanese Circulation Journal 65(5): 414-418 (2001)

Is informed consent to clinical trials an "upside selective" process in acute coronary syndromes?
, American Heart Journal 140(1): 94-97 (2000)

Is infundibuloureteropelvic angle (IUPA) a significant risk factor in formation of inferior calyceal calculi?
, European Urology 42(6): 590-593 (2002)

Is inhaled corticosteroid useful as adjunctive management in tuberculous pyrexia?
, Drugs Under Experimental and Clinical Research 25(4): 179-184 (1999)

Is inhibin B a pharmacodynamic parameter for FSH in normal men?
, European Journal of Endocrinology 144(6): 629-637 (2001)

Is inhibin a serum marker for ovarian cancer?
, European Journal of Endocrinology 142(4): 331-333 (2000)

Is inhibition of cyclooxygenase required for the anti-tumorigenic effects of nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)? In vitro versus in vivo results and the relevance for the prevention and treatment of cancer
, Biochemical Pharmacology 63(3): 343-347 (2002)

Is inhibition of cyclooxygenase required for the chemopreventive effect of NSAIDs in colon cancer? A model reconciling the current contradiction
, Medical Hypotheses 54(2): 210-215 (2000)

Is instillation of anesthetic gel necessary in flexible cystoscopic examination? A prospective randomized study
, Urology 61(1): 65-68 (2003)

Is insulin lispro associated with the development or progression of diabetic retinopathy during pregnancy?
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 183(5): 1162-1165 (2000)

Is insulin resistance or diabetes mellitus associated with stroke? An 18-year follow-up study
, Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 51(3): 215-223 (2001)

Is insulin-like growth factor-1 monitoring useful in assessing the response to growth hormone of growth hormone-deficient children?
, Journal of Pediatrics 141(5): 606-610 (2002)

Is integer arithmetic fundamental to mental processing?: The mind's secret arithmetic
, Proceedings. Biological Sciences 266(1419): 587-592 (1999)

Is interleukin-3 important in antiphospholipid antibody-mediated pregnancy failure?
, Fertility and Sterility 76(4): 700-706 (2001)

Is interpersonal sensitivity specific to non-melancholic depressions?
, Journal of Affective Disorders 64(2-3): 133-144 (2001)

Is interruption of HIV therapy always harmful?
, Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 45(2): 137-138 (2000)

Is interspecies hydrogen transfer needed for toluene degradation under sulfate-reducing conditions?
, FEMS Microbiology Ecology 35(2): 163-169 (2001)

Is interval medication a successful treatment regimen for schizophrenic patients with critical attitudes towards treatment?
, European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists 18(2): 82-84 (2003)

Is intracellular brain pH a dependent factor in NOS inhibition during focal cerebral ischemia?
, Brain Research 856(1-2): 220-226 (2000)

Is intracellular hyperthermia superior to extracellular hyperthermia in the thermal sense?
, International Journal of Hyperthermia: the Official Journal of European Society for Hyperthermic Oncology North American Hyperthermia Group 18(3): 194-202 (2002)

Is intracytoplasmic sperm injection itself an indication to perform preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)? About PGD, invasive prenatal diagnosis and genetic sonography
, Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 16(2): 68-82 (2001)

Is intracytoplasmic sperm injection necessary for couples undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer with normal semen analyses but failing hamster egg penetration assays?
, Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 16(2): 69-72 (1999)

Is intralesional injection of OK-432 effective in the treatment of lymphangioma in children?
, Surgery 133(3): 238-242 (2003)

Is intraluminal clip application an appropriate treatment for iatrogenic gastric perforation?
, European Surgical Research. Europaische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Europeennes 35(4): 383-387 (2003)

Is intraoperative electrostimulation of erectile nerves possible?
, Journal of Urology 162(5): 1610-1613 (1999)

Is intraoperative nomogram-based overplanning of prostate implants necessary?
, International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 56(2): 462-467 (2003)

Is intraoperative topography predictive of postoperative topographical changes following refractive surgery?
, Clao Journal: Official Publication of the Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists Inc 26(2): 97-101 (2000)

Is intrapartum vibroacoustic stimulation an effective predictor of fetal acidosis?
, Journal of Perinatal Medicine 29(6): 506-512 (2001)

Is intrinsic sphincter deficiency a complication of simple hysterectomy?
, Journal of Urology 164(3 Pt 1): 767-769 (2000)

Is invertebrate shredding critical for collector invertebrates? A test of the shredder-collector facilitation hypothesis
, Ecological Research e; 16(2): 319-326 (2001)

Is involvement of the surgical margins of large loop excision of the cervical transformation zone specimens for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III a risk factor for persistent cervical intraepithelial neoplasia?
, Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 19(4): 408-411 (1999)

Is irritable bowel syndrome more common in patients presenting with bacterial gastroenteritis? A community-based, case-control study
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 98(2): 327-331 (2003)

Is irritable bowel syndrome more likely to be persistent in those with relatives who suffer from gastrointestinal symptoms? A population-based study at three time points
, Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 17(11): 1389-1397 (2003)

Is ischemia involved in the pathogenesis of murine cerebral malaria?
, American Journal of Pathology 159(3): 1105-1112 (2001)

Is ischemic preconditioning of the kidney clinically relevant?
, Surgery 133(1): 81-90 (2003)

Is islet transplantation a realistic therapy for the treatment of type 1 diabetes in the near future?
, Clinical Diabetes 19(2): 51-60 (2001)

Is isoflurane-induced preconditioning dose related?
, Anesthesiology 96(3): 675-680 (2002)

Is isoniazid ototoxic in patients undergoing hemodialysis?
, Nephron 92(2): 478-480 (2002)

Is it a new syndrome or a clinical variability in cerebro-oculo-nasal syndrome?
, American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part a 120a(2): 253-255 (2003)

Is it a paradox or misinterpretation?
, Proteins 43(3): 336-338 (2001)

Is it better to combine predictions?
, Protein Engineering 13(1): 15-19 (2000)

Is it difficult to diagnose sarcoidosis?
, Chest 123(2): 330-332 (2003)

Is it evidence-based practice? Prophylactic antibiotics for termination of pregnancy to minimize post-abortion pelvic infection?
, International Journal of Std and Aids 11(3): 168-169 (2000)

Is it feasible to construct a community profile of exposure to industrial air pollution?
, Occupational and Environmental Medicine 57(8): 542-549 (2000)

Is it feasible to plan secondary care services for coronary heart disease rationally? A quantified modelling approach for a UK Health Authority
, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 55(7): 521-527 (2001)

Is it justified to choice the urea 13C breath test instead of the urea 14C breath test for detection of Helicobacter pylori gastric infection?
, Medecine Nucleaire 22(4): 207-212 (1998)

Is it mandatory to treat amblyopia prior to surgery in esotropia?
, Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica 79(1): 28-30 (2001)

Is it meaningful to use biochemical parameters to discriminate between transudative and exudative pleural effusions?
, Chest 122(5): 1524-1529 (2002)

Is it multiple sclerosis or not?
, Neurology 57(8): 1357-1358 (2001)

Is it necessary to administer anti-D to prevent RhD immunization after the transfusion of RhD-positive platelet concentrates?
, British Journal of Haematology 111(3): 980-983 (2000)

Is it necessary to eliminate the posterior dose margin in prostate brachytherapy to achieve an acceptably low risk of late rectal morbidity?
, International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 57(1): 293-299 (2003)

Is it necessary to perform urine cytology in screening patients with haematuria?
, European Urology 39(3): 283-286 (2001)

Is it necessary to routinely fenestrate an extracardiac Fontan?
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 34(2): 539-544 (1999)

Is it necessary to screen for celiac disease in postmenopausal osteoporotic women?
, Calcified Tissue International 71(2): 141-144 (2002)

Is it necessary to test patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) for seropositivity to HTLV-1?
, American Journal of Hematology 61(2): 94-97 (1999)

Is it now time to evaluate the true accuracy of cervical cytology screening? A review of the literature
, European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology 23(4): 363-365 (2002)

Is it permissible to omit mediastinal dissection for peripheral non-small-cell lung cancers with tumor diameters less than 1.5 cm?
, Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine 25(1): 33-37 (2000)

Is it possible for studies comparing Y-set, double-bag, and standard systems of CAPD to be blinded?
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 16(12): 2440-2441 (2001)

Is it possible to anticipate seizure onset by non-linear analysis of intracerebral EEG in human partial epilepsies?
, Revue Neurologique 155(6-7): 454-456 (1999)

Is it possible to assess progression of valvar aortic stenosis?
, DMW Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift 125(16): 484-488 (2000)

Is it possible to create an ecologically sustainable world order: The implications of hierarchy theory for human ecology
, International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 7(4): 277-290 (2000)

Is it possible to define a better ASCUS class in cervicovaginal screening? A review of 187 cases
, Acta Cytologica 45(4): 532-536 (2001)

Is it possible to develop a QSPR model for direct photolysis half-lives of PAHs under irradiation of sunlight?
, Environmental Pollution 114(1): 137-143 (2001)

Is it possible to develop drugs that act more selectively on large arteries?
, Journal of Hypertension 17(5): 701-705 (1999)

Is it possible to diagnose canine hypothyroidism?
, Journal of Small Animal Practice 40(4): 152-157 (1999)

Is it possible to diagnose schizophrenia at the start of the initial prodromal phase prior to the first psychotic manifestation?
, Fortschritte der Neurologie Psychiatrie 68(1 Special Issue): S13-S21 (2000)

Is it possible to differentiate mtDNA by means of HVIII in samples that cannot be distinguished by sequencing the HVI and HVII regions?
, Forensic Science International 113(1-3): 97-101 (2000)

Is it possible to distinguish between benign and malignant neutropenia in clozapine-treated patients by means of a hydrocortisone test?
, Psychopharmacology 158(3): 329-330 (2001)

Is it possible to evaluate critical mixing depth without knowing phytoplankton loss rate? Theoretical premises
, Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii 47(2): 257-279 (2000)

Is it possible to exclude a diagnosis of myocardial damage within six hours of admission to an emergency department? Diagnostic cohort study
, BMJ 323(7309): 372 (2001)

Is it possible to identify infrahissian cardiac conduction abnormalities in myotonic dystrophy by non-invasive methods?
, Heart 82(5): 634-637 (1999)

Is it possible to identify siblings by studying bone marrow under a microscope? Two unusual cases of Gaucher disease
, Polish Journal of Pathology: Official Journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists 53(2): 87-90 (2002)

Is it possible to offer evidence-based treatment for systemic vasculitis?
, Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 29(4): 211-215 (2000)

Is it possible to predict treatment response to a proton pump inhibitor in functional dyspepsia?
, Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 18(1): 117-124 (2003)

Is it possible to replace stimulus animals by scent-filled cups in the social discrimination test?
, Alternatives to Laboratory Animals: Atla 30(3): 299-304 (2002)

Is it possible to simulate physiologic loading conditions by applying pure moments? A comparison of in vivo and in vitro load components in an internal fixator
, Spine 26(6): 636-642 (2001)

Is it possible to use 90SR and 137CS as tracers for the aeolian dust transport?
, Water Air and Soil Pollution 130(1-4 Part 2): 349-354 (2001)

Is it possible with an immunophenotypic study to foresee the oncologic risk of epithelial gastric dysplasia?
, Hepato-Gastroenterology 49(45): 601-603 (2002)

Is it real that the endonuclease which cleaves pre-mRNA on the polyadenylation is not found out yet?
, Ukrainskii Biokhimicheskii Zhurnal 73(5): 128-134 (2001)

Is it really Alzheimer's disease?
, Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 71(3): 416-417 (2001)

Is it really ok to take this with food? Old interactions with a new twist
, Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 42(4): 437-443 (2002)

Is it really useful to repeat outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation programs in patients with chronic airway obstruction? A 2-year controlled study
, Chest 119(6): 1696-1704 (2001)

Is it reasonable to assume a uniformly distributed cooling-rate along the microslide of a directional solidification stage?
, Journal of Microscopy 200: 42-49 (2000)

Is it safe for patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure undergoing home noninvasive ventilation to discontinue ventilation briefly?
, Chest 119(5): 1379-1386 (2001)

Is it safe to artificially ventilate a paralysed patient through a laryngeal mask?
, British Journal of Anaesthesia 87(5): 803-804 (2001)

Is it safe to program a long tachycardia detection interval?
, Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 13(11): 1169-1172 (2002)

Is it safe to reuse a syringe of glutaraldehyde cross-linked collagen? A microbiological study
, Journal of Urology 164(4): 1275-1276 (2000)

Is it safe to withhold anticoagulation based on a single negative color duplex examination in patients with suspected deep venous thrombosis? A prospective 3-month follow-up study
, Angiology 53(5): 521-527 (2002)

Is it safe to work with iodine-131 if you are pregnant? A risk assessment for nuclear medicine staff involved with cleaning and decontamination
, Nuclear Medicine Communications 24(5): 571-574 (2003)

Is it sensible to combine several veterinary medications in feedstuffs?
, Tieraerztliche Umschau 53(11): 654-660 (1998)

Is it status?
, Epilepsia 43(Suppl): 103-113 (2002)

Is it the agent or the blood pressure level that matters for renal protection in chronic nephropathies?
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 13(Suppl): S196-S201 (2002)

Is it the right ansatz?
, Artificial Life 7(4): 355-365 (2001)

Is it time for a new attitude to "simultaneous" bilateral cataract surgery?
, British Journal of Ophthalmology 85(12): 1489-1496 (2001)

Is it time for a paradigm shift? Is erythropoietin deficiency still the main cause of renal anaemia?
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 17(Suppl): 2-7 (2002)

Is it time for a randomized trial of surgical treatment of ischemic heart failure?
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 37(5): 1210-1213 (2001)

Is it time for a reassessment of prognostic features in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia?
, Hematology and Cell Therapy 41(3): 87-93 (1999)

Is it time to give up the crossmatch?
, Journal of Clinical Pathology 53(9): 673-675 (2000)

Is it time to introduce repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation into standard clinical practice for the treatment of depressive disorders?
, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 37(1): 5 (2003)

Is it time to measure fractional flow reserve in all patients?
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 41(7): 1122-1124 (2003)

Is it time to measure microalbuminuria in hypertension?
, Journal of Hypertension 21(7): 1213-1220 (2003)

Is it time to modify the reverse cholesterol transport model?
, Journal of Clinical Investigation 108(9): 1273-1275 (2001)

Is it time to replace the Wada test?
, Neurology 59(2): 160-161 (2002)

Is it time to rethink the role of Mg2+ in membrane excitability?
, Neuroreport 14(5): 659-668 (2003)

Is it tonotopy after all?
, NeuroImage 17(3): 1144-1161 (2002)

Is it unnatural to genetically engineer plant?
, Weed Science 46(6): 647-651 (1998)

Is it useful to routinely biopsy hot nodules in iodine deficient areas?
, Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 26(2): 128-131 (2003)

Is it worth treating fever in intensive care unit patients? Preliminary results from a randomized trial of the effect of external cooling
, Archives of Internal Medicine 161(1): 121-123 (2001)

Is judgment of random time intervals biased and capacity-limited?
, Psychological Research 63(2): 199-209 (2000)

Is keratoconus a true ectasia? An evaluation of corneal surface area
, Archives of Ophthalmology 118(9): 1179-1186 (2000)

Is knowledge of leprosy adequate among teachers? A comparative study
, Leprosy Review 70(1): 28-33 (1999)

Is lack of response to single-agent chemotherapy in gestational trophoblastic disease associated with dose scheduling or chemotherapy resistance?
, Gynecologic Oncology 85(1): 36-39 (2002)

Is lactate a mediator of hypoxia-induced anapyrexia?
, Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology 444(6): 810-815 (2002)

Is lactation mastitis and shooting breast pain experienced by women during lactation caused by Candida albicans?
, Breast 11(1): 88-90 (2002)

Is land-based sea bream production a feasible activity on the northwest Mediterranean coast? Analysis of production costs
, Aquaculture International 10(1): 29-41 (2002)

Is language laterality established by 5 years of age?
, Neurology 60(10): 1573-1574 (2003)

Is laparoscopic anterior lumbar interbody fusion a useful minimally invasive procedure?
, Neurosurgery 51(5 Suppl): S155-S158 (2002)

Is laparoscopic radical prostatectomy better than traditional retropubic radical prostatectomy? An analysis of peri-operative morbidity in two contemporary series in Italy
, European Urology 44(4): 401-406 (2003)

Is laparoscopy still the gold standard in infertility assessment? A comparison of fertiloscopy versus laparoscopy in infertility. Results of an international multicentre prospective trial: the 'FLY' (Fertiloscopy-LaparoscopY) study
, Human Reproduction 18(4): 834-839 (2003)

Is large body size always advantageous for terrestrial adaptation? A study of water balance in a semi-terrestrial crab, Sesarmops intermedium (Crustacea: Grapsidae)
, Evolutionary Ecology 14(1): 61-78 (2000)

Is large-scale community memory screening feasible? Experience from a regional memory-screening day
, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 51(8): 1072-1078 (2003)

Is laser particle size determination possible for carbonate-rich lake sediments?
, Journal of Paleolimnology 27(2): 173-183 (2002)

Is lead exposure the principal cause of essential hypertension?
, Medical Hypotheses 59(3): 239-246 (2002)