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Advantages and disadvantages of bordeaux mixture and of lime-sulphur used on apples in the growing season
Observations on the Umaria marine bed
10 years of hearing conservation in the Royal Air Force
Chocolate crumb - dairy ingredient for milk chocolate
Effect of daily gelatin ingestion on human scalp hair
Comparison of rice bran and maize bran as feeds for growing and fattening pigs
The composition of pampas-grass (Cortaderia argentea.)
The Accraian Series:
The mechanism of the Liebermann-Burchard reaction of sterols and triterpenes and their esters
Cerebrovascular Doppler ultrasound studies (cv-Doppler)
Toria: PT-303 - first national variety
Hair growth promoting activity of tridax procumbens
Productivity of Pekin x Khaki Campbell ducks
A stable cytosolic expression of VH antibody fragment directed against PVY NIa protein in transgenic potato plant confers partial protection against the virus
Solar treatment of wheat loose smut
Swimmers itch in the Lake of Garda
Bactofugation and the Bactotherm process
The effects of prefrontal lobotomy on aggressive behavior in dogs
Visual rating scales for screening whorl-stage corn for resistance to fall armyworm
Breakdown of seamounts at the trench axis, viewed from gravity anomaly
Kooken; pennsylvania's toughest cave
Recovery of new dinosaur and other fossils from the Early Cretaceous Arundel Clay facies (Potomac Group) of central Maryland, U.S.A
Zubor horny (Bison bonasus) v prirodnych podmienkach Slovensku
The extended Widal test in the diagnosis of fevers due to Salmonella infection
Hair of the american mastodon indicates an adaptation to a semi aquatic habitat

List of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag Chapter 10889

Chapter 10889 contains a list of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag.

Is the presenilin-1 E318G missense mutation a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease?
, Neuroscience Letters 278(1-2): 65-68 (2000)

Is the prevalence of HIV-associated nephropathy decreasing?
, American Journal of Nephrology 19(6): 655-659 (1999)

Is the prevalence of coronary heart disease falling in British men?
, Heart 86(5): 499-505 (2001)

Is the prevalence of the factor V Leiden mutation in patients with pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis really different?
, Thrombosis and Haemostasis 81(3): 345-348 (1999)

Is the primitive regulation of pituitary prolactin (tPRL177 and tPRL188) secretion and gene expression in the euryhaline tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) hypothalamic or environmental?
, Journal of Endocrinology 161(1): 121-129 (1999)

Is the process of beta-cell destruction in type 1 diabetes at time of diagnosis more extensive in females than in males?
, European Journal of Endocrinology 145(6): 757-761 (2001)

Is the productivity of vegetation plots higher or lower when there are more species? Variable predictions from interaction of the 'sampling effect' and 'competitive dominance effect' on the habitat templet
, Oikos 102(2): 427-432 (2003)

Is the professional satisfaction of general internists associated with patient satisfaction?
, Journal of General Internal Medicine 15(2): 122-128 (2000)

Is the prognosis of heart failure improving?
, European Journal of Heart Failure 1(3): 229-241 (1999)

Is the prognosis poorer in heart transplanted patients who develop a right bundle branch block?
, Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation: the Official Publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 19(2): 207-214 (2000)

Is the prophylactic use of antiepileptic drugs in Sturge-Weber syndrome justified?
, Medical Hypotheses 51(4): 293-296 (1998)

Is the protein/lipid hydrophobic matching principle relevant to membrane organization and functions?
, FEBS Letters 458(3): 271-277 (1999)

Is the provision of information leaflets before colposcopy beneficial? A prospective randomised study
, British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 106(6): 528-534 (1999)

Is the pulse rate useful in assessing risk of diabetic retinopathy and macular oedema? The Wisconsin Epidemiological Study of Diabetic Retinopathy
, British Journal of Ophthalmology 85(8): 925-927 (2001)

Is the quasispecies concept relevant to RNA viruses?
, Journal of Virology 76(1): 460-462 (2002)

Is the range size of migratory birds constrained by their migratory program?
, Journal of Biogeography 26(6): 1225-1235 (1999)

Is the rate of sulfur-disulfide exchange between the native beta-Lactoglobulin and PDS related to protein conformational stability?
, International Journal of Food Science and Technology 34(5-6): 483-486 (1999)

Is the ratio transition zone to total prostate volume higher in African-American men than in their Caucasian or Hispanic counterparts?
, BJU 82(6): 804-807 (1998)

Is the rationale for carotid angioplasty and stenting in patients excluded from NASCET/ACAS or eligible for ARCHeR justified?
, Journal of Vascular Surgery 37(3): 575-581 (2003)

Is the re-closure of surgically induced open neural tube defect the repetition of primary neurulation? An experimental study with chick embryos
, Neuroscience Letters 307(2): 69-72 (2001)

Is the real-ear to coupler difference independent of the measurement earphone?
, International Journal of Audiology 41(7): 408-413 (2002)

Is the recommended dose of leflunomide the best regimen to treat rheumatoid arthritis patients?
, Rheumatology 42(9): 1123-1124 (2003)

Is the recovery profile of mivacurium independent of the rate of decay of its plasma concentration in patients with normal plasma cholinesterase activity?
, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 42(10): 1175-1179 (1998)

Is the recurrence of Helicobacter pylori infection after eradication therapy resultant from recrudescence or reinfection, in Japan
, Helicobacter 8(3): 186-191 (2003)

Is the reduction of spasticity by botulinum toxin a beneficial for the recovery of motor function of arm and hand in stroke patients?
, European Neurology 50(3): 165-171 (2003)

Is the relation of systolic blood pressure to risk of cardiovascular disease continuous and graded, or are there critical values?
, Hypertension 42(4): 453-456 (2003)

Is the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and gastroesophageal reflux clinically important?
, Chest 121(6): 1730-1733 (2002)

Is the relationship between population density and body size consistent across independent studies? A meta-analytical approach
, Brazilian Journal of Biology 61(1): 1-6 (2001)

Is the removal of domestic stock sufficient to restore semi-arid conservation areas?
, Pacific Conservation Biology 6(3): 245-253 (2000)

Is the replacement of Scenedesmus quadricauda L. by Selenastrum capricornutum L. in toxicity tests reasonable?
, Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii 46(3-4): 345-352 (1999)

Is the response of serum lipids and lipoproteins to postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy modified by ApoE genotype?
, Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 19(2): 402-407 (1999)

Is the response pattern of on- and off-cells in the rostral ventromedial medulla to noxious stimulation independent of stimulation site?
, Experimental Brain Research 136(3): 394-399 (2001)

Is the right amygdala involved in visuospatial memory? Evidence from MRI volumetric measures
, European Neurology 47(3): 148-155 (2002)

Is the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease greater for women than for men?
, American Journal of Epidemiology 153(2): 132-136 (2001)

Is the rock partridge Alectoris graeca saxatilis threatened in the Dolomitic Alps?
, Animal Conservation 6(1): 71-81 (2003)

Is the role of trophic control larger in a stressed ecosystem?
, Community Ecology 1(2): 139-146 (2000)

Is the root entry/exit zone important in microvascular compression syndromes?
, Neurosurgery 51(2): 427 (2002)

Is the routine use of antibiotics justified in adult tonsillectomy?
, Journal of Laryngology and Otology 117(5): 382-385 (2003)

Is the saitohin gene involved in neurodegenerative diseases?
, Annals of Neurology 52(6): 829-832 (2002)

Is the sampling strategy interfering with the study of spatial variability of zooplankton communities?
, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57(9): 1940-1956 (2000)

Is the science citation index US-biased?
, Scientometrics 46(3): 549-562 (1999)

Is the secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide in man under neural control?
, European Heart Journal 21(6): 498-503 (2000)

Is the serotonin transporter involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension?
, Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 139(4): 194-201 (2002)

Is the serum thyroglobulin response to recombinant human thyrotropin sufficient, by itself, to monitor for residual thyroid carcinoma?
, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 87(7): 3242-3247 (2002)

Is the sheet-flow design a 'frozen core' (a Bauplan) of the gas exchangers? Comparative functional morphology of the respiratory microvascular systems: Illustration of the geometry and rationalization of the fractal properties
, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A Molecular and Integrative Physiology 126(4): 491-515 (2000)

Is the short follicular phase in older women secondary to advanced or accelerated dominant follicle development?
, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 87(12): 5746-5750 (2002)

Is the short-latency dopamine response too short to signal reward error?
, Trends in Neurosciences 22(4): 146-151 (1999)

Is the sildenafil product information adequate to facilitate informed therapeutic decisions?
, Annals of PharmacoTherapy 35(3): 337-342 (2001)

Is the site of thrombus formation in the left atrial appendage associated with the risk of cerebral embolism?
, Cardiology 97(2): 104-110 (2002)

Is the size distribution of urban aerosols determined by thermodynamic equilibrium? An application to Southern California
, Atmospheric Environment 36(14): 2349-2365 (2002)

Is the small clutch size of a Corsican blue tit population optimal?
, Oecologia (Berlin) 117(1-2): 80-89 (1998)

Is the social network analysis necessary in the rehabilitation of individuals with head injury?
, Brain Injury 13(9): 723-727 (1999)

Is the socio-spatial distribution of mound-building mice, Mus spicilegus, compatible with a monogamous mating system?
, Mammalia 67(1): 15-24 (2003)

Is the soluble KDI domain of gamma1 laminin a regeneration factor for the mammalian central nervous system?
, Journal of Neuroscience Research 73(5): 637-643 (2003)

Is the somatopause an indication for growth hormone replacement?
, Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 22(5 Suppl): 142-149 (1999)

Is the somatotropic axis related to sympathetic nerve activity in healthy ageing men?
, Journal of Hypertension 19(11): 2019-2024 (2001)

Is the somitogenesis clock really cell-autonomous? A coupled-oscillator model of segmentation
, Journal of Theoretical Biology 224(4): 459-468 (2003)

Is the song of Black Redstart males an honest signal of status?
, Condor 101(3): 689-694 (1999)

Is the spatial distribution of brain lesions associated with closed-head injury in children predictive of subsequent development of posttraumatic stress disorder?
, Radiology 224(2): 345-351 (2002)

Is the spatial distribution of brain lesions associated with closed-head injury predictive of subsequent development of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? Analysis with brain-image database
, Radiology 213(2): 389-394 (1999)

Is the spring quality of muscle plastic?
, American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 278(6): R1661-R1666 (2000)

Is the subjective health status a good predictor of work resumption?
, Sozial- und Praeventivmedizin 43(4): 177-184 (1998)

Is the subspecies classification of the freshwater eels Anguilla australis australis Richardson and A. a. schmidtii Phillipps still valid?
, Marine and Freshwater Research 50(3): 261-264 (1999)

Is the success rate of endoscopic third ventriculostomy age-dependent? An analysis of the results of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in young children
, Child's Nervous System: Chns: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery 18(11): 605-608 (2002)

Is the sucking louse of seal capable of plastron respiration? The respiration of the sucking louse of seal Echinophthirius horridus (Olfers 1816) (Echinophthiriidae, Anoplura)
, Drosera 98(1): 11-18 (1998)

Is the target-to-target interval a critical determinant of P3 amplitude?
, Psychophysiology 36(5): 643-654 (1999)

Is the telomerase assay useful for screening of endometrial lesions?
, International Journal of Cancer 100(6): 714-718 (2002)

Is the therapeutic index better with gemcitabine-based chemoradiation than with 5-fluorouracil-based chemoradiation in locally advanced pancreatic cancer?
, International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 52(5): 1293-1302 (2002)

Is the thrombopoietin assay useful for differential diagnosis of thrombocytopenia? Analysis of a cohort of 160 patients with thrombocytopenia and defined platelet life span
, Clinical Chemistry 47(9): 1660-1665 (2001)

Is the time course of clozapine response correlated to the time course of clozapine plasma levels? A one-year prospective study in drug-resistant patients with schizophrenia
, Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology 27(6): 1050-1055 (2002)

Is the timing of implantation affected by zona pellucida micromanipulation?
, Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 17(1): 34-38 (2000)

Is the tolerability of long-term thiazolidinedione therapy overstated?
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 42(7): 1334; author reply 1334-5 (2003)

Is the transparency committee rating a good indicator of the choice of drugs in hospitals?
, Journal de Pharmacie Clinique 18(SPEC ISSUE): 74-76 (1999)

Is the transportation highway the right road for hereditary spastic paraplegia?
, American Journal of Human Genetics 71(5): 1009-1016 (2002)

Is the type of nutrients as important as total daily amount consume in controlling crypt cell proliferation in the rat?
, Medical Science Research 27(9): 641-643 (1999)

Is the ulnar nerve damaged in 'handball goalie's elbow'?
, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 11(4): 247-250 (2001)

Is the uncertainty about climate change too large for expected cost-benefit analysis?
, Climatic Change 56(3): 265-289 (2003)

Is the underlying cause of epilepsy a major prognostic factor for recurrence?
, Neurology 51(5): 1256-1262 (1998)

Is the unfolded state the Rosetta Stone of the protein folding problem?
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 276(2): 393-398 (2000)

Is the unique negatively charged polypeptide of crayfish yolk HDL a component of crustacean vitellin?
, Journal of Experimental Zoology 290(3): 218-226 (2001)

Is the use of benzalkonium chloride as a preservative for nasal formulations a safety concern? A cautionary note based on compromised mucociliary transport
, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 105(1 Pt 1): 39-44 (2000)

Is the use of benzodiazepines associated with incident disability?
, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 50(6): 1012-1018 (2002)

Is the use of subcutaneous epoetin beta once a week really equivalent to a more frequent administration of the same total dose?
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 16(12): 2439-2440 (2001)

Is the use of suboptimal saphenous veins justifiable for limb salvage?
, Vascular Surgery 33(2): 157-162 (1999)

Is the value of QT dispersion a valid method to foresee the risk of sudden death? A study in Becker patients
, Heart 87(2): 156-157 (2002)

Is the vanished testis always a scrotal event?
, BJU International 87(6): 480-483 (2001)

Is the variety of phosphohydrolases an inherent feature of root cell apoplast?
, Fiziologiya Rastenii 46(5): 728-737 (1999)

Is the voltage gate of connexins CO2-sensitive? Cx45 channels and inhibition of calmodulin expression
, Journal of Membrane Biology 195(1): 53-62 (2003)

Is the word length effect in STM entirely attributable to output delay? Evidence from serial recognition
, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. A Human Experimental Psychology 55(2): 353-369 (2002)

Is the yellow-legged gull a superabundant bird species in the Mediterranean? Impact on fauna and flora, conservation measures and research priorities
, Biodiversity and Conservation 7(8): 1013-1026 (1998)

Is the Zona pellucida thickness of metaphase-II oocytes in an IVF/ICSI program influenced by the patient's age?
, Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation 52(1): 55-59 (2001)

Is therapeutic drug monitoring a case for optimizing clinical outcome and avoiding interactions of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors?
, Therapeutic Drug Monitoring 22(2): 143-154 (2000)

Is there MHC Class II restriction of the response to MHC Class I in transplant patients?
, Transplantation 73(4): 642-651 (2002)

Is there a continental shelf pump for the absorption of atmospheric CO2?
, Tellus Series B Chemical and Physical Meteorology 51(3): 701-712 (1999)

Is there a "right not to be born"? Reproductive decision making, options and the right to information
, Journal of Medical Ethics 28(2): 65-67 (2002)

Is there a "subcortical" profile of attentional dysfunction? A comparison of patients with Huntington's and Parkinson's diseases on a global-local focused attention task
, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 20(6): 873-884 (1998)

Is there a "bladder sex"? The relation of different sex hormones and sex hormone receptors in bladder in childhood
, Medical Hypotheses 59(2): 186-190 (2002)

Is there a Gulf War syndrome?
, Lancet 353(9159): 1182-1183 (1999)

Is there a July phenomenon? The effect of July admission on intensive care mortality and length of stay in teaching hospitals
, Journal of General Internal Medicine 18(8): 639-645 (2003)

Is there a Persian Gulf War syndrome? Evidence from a large population-based survey of veterans and nondeployed controls
, American Journal of Medicine 108(9): 695-704 (2000)

Is there a baseline CD4 cell count that precludes a survival response to modern antiretroviral therapy?
, Aids 17(5): 711-720 (2003)

Is there a benefit by the sequence anastrozole-formestane for postmenopausal metastatic breast cancer women?
, Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 86(1): 107-109 (2003)

Is there a benefit of preoperative meningioma embolization?
, Neurosurgery 47(6): 1306 (2000)

Is there a benefit to early angiography in patients with ST-segment depression myocardial infarction? An observational study
, American Heart Journal 143(3): 488-496 (2002)

Is there a bias in proteome research?
, Genome Research 11(12): 1971-1973 (2001)

Is there a biology of quantum information?
, Bio Systems 55(1-3): 39-46 (2000)

Is there a case for cisplatin in the treatment of small-cell lung cancer? A meta-analysis of randomized trials of a cisplatin-containing regimen versus a regimen without this alkylating agent
, British Journal of Cancer 83(1): 8-15 (2000)

Is there a causal association between suicide rates and the political leanings of government?
, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 56(10): 722 (2002)

Is there a causal link between hepatitis B vaccination and multiple sclerosis?
, Vaccine 18(19): 1994-2001 (2000)

Is there a change in myocardial nonlinearity during the cardiac cycle?
, Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 27(3): 389-398 (2001)

Is there a common mechanism for the progression of different types of renal diseases other than proteinuria? Towards the unifying theme of chronic hypoxia
, Kidney International. Supplement 75: S22-S26 (2000)

Is there a conflict between minimizing effort and energy expenditure with increasing velocities of muscle contraction in humans?
, Journal of Physiology 518: 933-940 (1999)

Is there a connection between car accidents, near accidents, and type A drivers?
, Behavioral Medicine 24(3): 99-106 (1998)

Is there a connection between high transport of water through the Rockall Trough and ecological changes in the North Sea?
, ICES Journal of: 270-274 (2001)

Is there a connection between the clinical response after an external fixation test or a subsequent lumbar fusion and the pre-test intervertebral kinematics?
, Spine 27(23): 2726-2733 (2002)

Is there a conserved interaction between cardiolipin and the type II bacterial reaction center?
, Biophysical Journal 80(3): 1395-1405 (2001)

Is there a corneal ocular Pseudo-Hypertension?
, Klinische Monatsblaetter fuer Augenheilkunde 215(1): 56-58 (1999)

Is there a correlation between degree of splenomegaly, symptoms and hypersplenism? A study of 218 patients with Gaucher disease
, British Journal of Haematology 106(3): 812-816 (1999)

Is there a correlation between spreading depression, neurogenic inflammation, and nociception that might cause migraine headache?
, Annals of Neurology 49(1): 7-13 (2001)

Is there a correlation between structure and anticoagulant action of sulfated galactans and sulfated fucans?
, Glycobiology 12(10): 573-580 (2002)

Is there a correlation between the structure of hair and breast cancer or BRCA1/2 mutations?
, Physics in Medicine and Biology 47(10): 1623-1632 (2002)

Is there a critical developmental 'window' for isolation rearing-induced changes in prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle response?
, Behavioural Brain Research 100(1-2): 177-183 (1999)

Is there a critical level of organic matter in the agricultural soils of temperate regions: A review
, Soil and Tillage Research 70(1): 1-18 (2003)

Is there a defect in cortisol production in rheumatoid arthritis?
, Rheumatology 38(4): 298-302 (1999)

Is there a diagnostic ranking of creatine kinase isoenzymes in the female reproductive tract in case of ectopic pregnancy?
, Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 59(3): 107-110 (1999)

Is there a diagnostic role for bone scanning of patients with a high pretest probability for metastatic renal cell carcinoma?
, Cancer 85(1): 153-155 (1999)

Is there a difference between CAGE interviews and written CAGE questionnaires?
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 24(5): 733-736 (2000)

Is there a difference between abdominal pain and discomfort in moderate to severe IBS patients?
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 97(12): 3131-3138 (2002)

Is there a difference between the management of grade 2b and 3 corrosive gastric injuries?
, Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 85(3): 340-344 (2002)

Is there a difference in early perioperative morbidity in transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) versus TURP with cystolitholapaxy and TURP with inguinal herniorrhaphy?
, International Urology and Nephrology 33(1): 69-72 (2002)

Is there a difference in outcome between Stage I-II endometrial cancer of papillary serous/clear cell and endometrioid FIGO Grade 3 cancer?
, International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 54(1): 79-85 (2002)

Is there a difference in outcome when treating traumatic intraperitoneal bladder rupture with or without a suprapubic tube?
, Journal of Urology 161(4): 1103-1105 (1999)

Is there a difference in survival for IA1 and IA2 adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix?
, Gynecologic Oncology 85(2): 229-241 (2002)

Is there a difference in the function of granulosa-luteal cells in patients undergoing in-vitro fertilization either with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist or gonadotrophin-releasing hormone antagonist?
, Human Reproduction 14(4): 885-888 (1999)

Is there a difference in the perception of symptoms between african americans and whites with osteoarthritis?
, Journal of Rheumatology 30(6): 1305-1310 (2003)

Is there a differential impact of fatigue and physical disability on quality of life in multiple sclerosis?
, Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 190(6): 388-393 (2002)

Is there a direct association between age-related eye diseases and mortality? The Rotterdam Study
, Ophthalmology 110(7): 1292-1296 (2003)

Is there a disassociation of maximal oxygen consumption and maximal cardiac output?
, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33(8): 1265-1269 (2001)

Is there a dissociative process in sleepwalking and night terrors?
, Postgraduate Medical Journal 77(906): 244-249 (2001)

Is there a distortion of body projection in extracorporeal space in neglect patients?
, Neuroreport 11(13): 3047-3051 (2000)

Is there a false memory syndrome? A review of three cases
, Comprehensive Psychiatry 42(4): 342-348 (2001)

Is there a familial overlap between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder?
, Journal of Affective Disorders 72(3): 243-247 (2002)

Is there a female predominance in popliteal cysts in long-term haemodialysis patients?
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 13(7): 1900-1901 (1998)

Is there a field-theoretic explanation for precursor biopolymers?
, Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere: the Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life 32(4): 299-302 (2002)

Is there a functioning vestibulocochlear nerve? Cochlear implantation in a child with symmetrical auditory findings but asymmetric imaging
, International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 57(2): 171-176 (2001)

Is there a future for adsorption techniques in sepsis?
, Blood Purification 18(2): 149-155 (2000)

Is there a future for cell kinetic measurements using IdUrd or BdUrd?
, International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 49(2): 505-511 (2001)

Is there a future for clinical laboratories? Experience in the Marche Region, Italy
, Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 319(2): 107-110 (2002)

Is there a future for coral reef parks in poor tropical countries?
, Coral Reefs 18(4): 321-325 (1999)

Is there a future for elephants in West Africa?
, Mammal Review 29(3): 175-199 (1999)

Is there a future for vaccination as a treatment for Alzheimer's disease?
, Neurobiology of Aging 24(3): 391-395 (2003)

Is there a future for xenon anesthesia?
, Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 49(4): 335-338 (2002)

Is there a gender difference in a factorial structure of the positive and negative syndrome scale? A test by structural equation modeling
, Psychopathology 35(1): 28-35 (2002)

Is there a gender difference in fingerprint ridge density?
, Forensic Science International 102(1): 35-44 (1999)

Is there a genetic basis for resistance to atherosclerosis?
, Atherosclerosis 160(1): 1-10 (2002)

Is there a genetic basis for the deposition of beta-amyloid after fatal head injury?
, Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 19(1): 19-30 (1999)

Is there a geographical variation in eczema prevalence in the UK? Evidence from the 1958 British Birth Cohort Study
, British Journal of Dermatology 142(4): 712-720 (2000)

Is there a glucocorticoid receptor in the bovine lens?
, Experimental Eye Research 72(6): 687-694 (2001)

Is there a glycosaminoglycan-related heterogeneity of the thymic epithelium?
, Journal of Cellular Physiology 185(1): 68-79 (2000)

Is there a gradient in life span by position in the social hierarchy?
, American Journal of Public Health 93(5): 771-774 (2003)

Is there a haemodynamic advantage associated with cuffed arterial anastomoses?
, Journal of Biomechanics 35(10): 1337-1346 (2002)

Is there a healthy worker effect for cancer incidence among women in Sweden?
, American Journal of Industrial Medicine 36(1): 193-199 (1999)

Is there a human fetal gallbladder contractility during pregnancy?
, Human Reproduction 15(6): 1400-1402 (2000)

Is there a hypercoagulable phase during initiation of antithrombotic therapy with oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation?
, Thrombosis Research 109(5-6): 241-246 (2003)

Is there a lamotrigine withdrawal syndrome?
, Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 105(3): 232-234 (2002)

Is there a learning curve associated with the use of remifentanil?
, Anesthesia and Analgesia 91(5): 1049-1055 (2000)

Is there a link between an extremely poor response to ovarian hyperstimulation and early ovarian failure?
, Human Reproduction 17(4): 1106-1111 (2002)

Is there a link between atypical and early-onset "unipolar" depression and bipolar II disorder?
, Comprehensive Psychiatry 44(2): 102-109 (2003)

Is there a link between children's motor abilities and unintentional injuries?
, Journal of Safety Research 34(2): 135-141 (2003)

Is there a link between environmental factors and a genetic predisposition to cancer? A lesson from a familial cluster of gastric cancers
, European Journal of Cancer 39(11): 1619-1624 (2003)

Is there a link between infant botulism and sudden infant death? Bacteriological results obtained in Central Germany
, European Journal of Pediatrics 160(10): 623-628 (2001)

Is there a link between morphological, physiological and genetic variability of the ophiuroid Amphipholis squamata?
, Netherlands Journal of Zoology 50(3): 355-363 (2000)

Is there a link between subjective daytime somnolence and sickness absenteeism? A study in a working population
, Journal of Sleep Research 10(2): 111-115 (2001)

Is there a link between the severity of sleep-disordered breathing and atherosclerotic disease of the carotid arteries?
, European Journal of Neurology 10(5): 487-493 (2003)

Is there a link between the variation in gastric cancer mortality and differences in Helicobacter pylori prevalence in different regions of France?
, Gastroenterologie Clinique et Biologique 23(6-7): 754-760 (1999)

Is there a link between vulval cancer and blood group?
, European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology 23(2): 111-112 (2002)

Is there a long-term predictive value of intraoperative low-dose dobutamine echocardiography in patients who have coronary artery bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass?
, Anesthesia and Analgesia 95(3): 517 (2002)

Is there a loss of efficacy of lithium in patients treated for over 20 years?
, Neuropsychobiology 42(Suppl): 46-49 (2000)

Is there a magnitude effect in tipping?
, Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 10(2): 381-386 (2003)

Is there a male phenotype in polycystic ovary syndrome families?
, Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism: Jpem 13(Suppl): 1307-1309 (2000)

Is there a maternally induced immunological imprinting phase à la Konrad Lorenz?
, Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 50(4): 348-354 (1999)

Is there a menopausal medicine? The past the present and the future
, Maturitas 43(Suppl): S79-S84 (2002)

Is there a need for a better basal insulin?
, Clinical Diabetes 19(2): 66-70 (2001)

Is there a need for a national or a global apheresis registry?
, Transfusion and Apheresis Science: Official Journal of the World Apheresis Association: Official Journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis 29(2): 179-185 (2003)

Is there a need for blood substitutes in the new millennium and what should we expect in the way of safety and efficacy? A research perspective
, Artificial Cells Blood Substitutes and Immobilization Biotechnology 29(1): 1-3 (2001)

Is there a need for blood substitutes in the new millennium, and what should we expect in the way of safety and efficacy? A development perspective
, Artificial Cells Blood Substitutes and Immobilization Biotechnology 29(3): Vii-Vix (2001)

Is there a need for changes in renal biopsy criteria in proteinuria in type 2 diabetes?
, Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 58(2): 149-153 (2002)

Is there a need for pelvic CT scan in cases of renal cell carcinoma?
, International Urology and Nephrology 33(1): 13-15 (2002)

Is there a need for rescreening of patients treated for genital chlamydial infections?
, International Journal of Std and Aids 13(6): 363-367 (2002)

Is there a need for routine testing of ICD defibrillation capacity? Results from more than 1000 studies
, European Heart Journal 21(2): 162-169 (2000)

Is there a need for the epiglottic bars in the laryngeal mask airway?
, Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 50(2): 203-204 (2003)

Is there a negative association between anxiety sensitivity and arousal-increasing substances and activities?
, Journal of Anxiety Disorders 15(3): 161-170 (2001)

Is there a negative correlation between explicit memory and hippocampal volume?
, Neuroimage 10(5): 589-595 (1999)

Is there a neurologist on this flight?
, Neurology 58(12): 1739-1744 (2002)

Is there a one-to-one correlation between gastric emptying of liquids and gastric myoelectrical or motor activity in dogs?
, Digestive Diseases and Sciences 47(2): 365-372 (2002)

Is there a pathogenetic role for uric acid in hypertension and cardiovascular and renal disease?
, Hypertension 41(6): 1183-1190 (2003)

Is there a perihematomal ischemic penumbra? More questions and an overlooked clue
, Stroke 34(7): 1680 (2003)

Is there a phylogenetic signal in prokaryote proteins?
, Journal of Molecular Evolution 49(1): 98-107 (1999)

Is there a physiological role for gonadotrophin oligosaccharide heterogeneity in humans? III. Luteinizing hormone heterogeneity: a medical physiologist's perspective
, Human Reproduction 16(6): 1058-1064 (2001)

Is there a physiological role for the neurosteroid THDOC in stress-sensitive conditions?
, Trends in Pharmacological Sciences 24(3): 103-106 (2003)

Is there a physiological variability for albumin excretion rate? Study in patients with diabetes type 1 and non-diabetic individuals
, Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 304(1-2): 117-123 (2001)

Is there a place for a less extensive radical surgery in locally advanced cervical cancer patients?
, Gynecologic Oncology 83(2): 319-324 (2001)

Is there a place for animal experiments?
, British Journal of Ophthalmology 86(1): 5-7 (2002)

Is there a place for combined therapy with GnRH agonist plus growth hormone in improving final height in short statured children?
, Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism: Jpem 13(Suppl): 821-826 (2000)

Is there a place for different isoforms of FSH in clinical medicine? IV. The clinician's point of view
, Human Reproduction 16(7): 1316-1318 (2001)

Is there a place for duplex screening of brachial artery in haemodialysis patients with vascular access?
, Vasa. Zeitschrift für Gefasskrankheiten 30(1): 53-58 (2001)

Is there a place for hair analysis in doping controls?
, Forensic Science International 107(1-3): 309-323 (2000)

Is there a place for ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in patients with Crohn's colitis?
, Netherlands Journal of Medicine 53(6): S47-S51 (1998)

Is there a place for radical nephrectomy in the presence of metastatic collecting duct (Bellini) carcinoma?
, Journal of Urology 169(4): 1287-1290 (2003)

Is there a place for the late cardioversion of atrial fibrillation? A long-term follow-up study of patients with post-thyrotoxic atrial fibrillation
, European Heart Journal 21(4): 327-333 (2000)

Is there a potential role for hyoid bone compression in pathogenesis of carotid artery stenosis?
, Surgical Neurology 51(6): 650-653 (1999)

Is there a potential role for serum cardiac troponin I as a marker for myocardial dysfunction in pediatric patients receiving anthracycline-based therapy? A pilot study
, Cancer Investigation 19(4): 352-359 (2001)

Is there a progression from abuse disorders to dependence disorders?
, Addiction 98(5): 635-644 (2003)

Is there a rationale for neuroprotection against dopamine toxicity in Parkinson's disease?
, Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 21(3): 215-235 (2001)

Is there a rationale for nimesulide and paracetamol combination?
, Indian Journal of Pharmacology 31(6): 444-445 (1999)

Is there a rationale for rationing chronic dialysis? A hospital based cohort study of factors affecting survival and morbidity
, BMJ 318(7178): 217-223 (1999)

Is there a rationale for the use of creatine either as nutritional supplementation or drug administration in humans participating in a sport?
, Pharmacological Research 41(3): 255-264 (2000)

Is there a real risk of radiation-induced breast cancer for postmenopausal women?
, Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 40(2): 169-174 (2001)

Is there a reduced risk of breast cancer among women with hip fractures?
, European Journal of Epidemiology 15(4): 313-315 (1999)

Is there a referral bias against catheterization of patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction? Influence of ejection fraction and inducible ischemia on post-single-photon emission computed tomography management of patients without a history of coronary artery disease
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 42(7): 1286-1294 (2003)

Is there a relation between risk groups or initial CD4 T cell counts and prevalence of seborrheic dermatitis in HIV-infected patients?
, Dermatology 198(2): 126-129 (1999)

Is there a relationship between 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase activity and forebrain pathology in the PKU mouse?
, Journal of Neuroscience Research 61(5): 549-563 (2000)

Is there a relationship between HLA type and prognostic factors in breast cancer?
, Anticancer Research 23(1b): 633-638 (2003)

Is there a relationship between U-shaped audiograms and mutations in connexin 26?
, Scandinavian Audiology 30(3): 184-188 (2001)

Is there a relationship between Wolfram syndrome carrier status and suicide?
, American Journal of Medical Genetics 114(3): 343-346 (2002)

Is there a relationship between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and bipolar disorder?
, Journal of Affective Disorders 73(3): 211-221 (2003)

Is there a relationship between balance, gait performance and muscular strength in 75-year-old women?
, Age and Ageing 28(3): 289-293 (1999)

Is there a relationship between delta sleep at night and afternoon cerebral blood flow, assessed by HMPAO-SPECT in depressed patients and normal control subjects? Preliminary data
, Psychiatry Research 84(2-3): 89-99 (1998)

Is there a relationship between excessive drinking and functional impairment in older persons?
, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 51(1): 44-49 (2003)

Is there a relationship between fat-free soft tissue mass and low cognitive function? Results from a study of 7,105 women
, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 50(11): 1796-1801 (2002)

Is there a relationship between smoking and asthma in adults?
, Journal of International Medical Research 27(1): 15-21 (1999)

Is there a relationship between speech and nonspeech auditory processing in children with dyslexia?
, Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research: Jslhr 44(4): 720-736 (2001)

Is there a relationship between the amount of tissue removed at transurethral resection of the prostate and clinical improvement in benign prostatic hyperplasia
, European Urology 39(4): 412-417 (2001)

Is there a relationship between the supramolecular organization of the mitochondrial ATP synthase and the formation of cristae?
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1555(1-3): 174-180 (2002)

Is there a relationship between tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 and transforming growth factor-beta 1 with respect to malignant melanoma progression?
, Medical Hypotheses 57(2): 238-240 (2001)

Is there a relationship between trauma center volume and mortality?
, Journal of Trauma 54(1): 16-24; Discussion 24-5 (2003)

Is there a relationship with anomalous insertions of the distal gubernaculum testis and testicular ectopia? Analysis in human fetuses and patients with cryptorchidism
, Journal of Urology 170(2 Pt 1): 554-557 (2003)

Is there a reliable outcome measurement for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures?
, Journal of Trauma 53(6): 1094 (2002)

Is there a right treatment for a particular patient group? Comparison of ordinary treatment, light multidisciplinary treatment, and extensive multidisciplinary treatment for long-term sick-listed employees with musculoskeletal pain
, Pain 95(1-2): 49-63 (2002)

Is there a risk of cytomegalovirus transmission during in vitro fertilization with donated oocytes?
, Fertility and Sterility 71(2): 302-307 (1999)

Is there a risk of prion disease after the administration of urinary-derived gonadotrophins?
, Human Reproduction 17(7): 1676-1680 (2002)

Is there a risk of sensitization and allergy to chlorhexidine in health care workers?
, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 47(6): 720-724 (2003)

Is there a role for 5-HT1A agonists in the treatment of depression?
, Biological Psychiatry 53(3): 193-203 (2003)

Is there a role for CEA in innate immunity in the colon?
, Trends in Microbiology 9(3): 119-125 (2001)

Is there a role for NK cells in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis? A case study
, Human Immunology 60(3): 231-238 (1999)

Is there a role for adjuvant therapy for resected non-small cell lung cancer?
, Thorax 54(Suppl): S37-S41 (1999)

Is there a role for adjuvant therapy in patients being treated with epoetin?
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 14(Suppl): 50-60 (1999)

Is there a role for agonist gastrin-releasing peptide receptor radioligands in tumour imaging?
, Nuclear Medicine Communications 22(1): 5-15 (2001)

Is there a role for assessment in smoking cessation treatment?
, Behaviour Research and Therapy 40(12): 1457-1470 (2002)

Is there a role for automated eosinophil count in asthma severity assessment?
, Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma 36(2): 153-158 (1999)

Is there a role for bladder preserving strategies in the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer?
, European Urology 44(1): 57-64 (2003)

Is there a role for chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of pancreatic carcinoma?
, Anticancer Research 23(3c): 2805-2813 (2003)

Is there a role for computerized decision support for drug dosing in general practice? A questionnaire survey
, Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics 25(5): 373-377 (2000)

Is there a role for continuous renal replacement therapies in patients with liver and renal failure?
, Kidney International. Supplement 1999(72): S62-S66 (1999)

Is there a role for diffusion-weighted imaging in patients with brain tumors or is the "bloom off the rose"?
, Ajnr. American Journal of Neuroradiology 22(6): 1013-1014 (2001)

Is there a role for digital rectal examination in the followup of patients after radical prostatectomy?
, Journal of Urology 162(3 Pt 1): 762-764 (1999)

Is there a role for glucocorticoid receptor beta in glucocorticoid-dependent asthmatics?
, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 162(1): 1-3 (2000)

Is there a role for glycosuria testing in sub-Saharan Africa?
, Tropical Medicine and International Health: Tm and Ih 4(7): 506-513 (1999)

Is there a role for hemoperfusion/hemodialysis as a treatment option in severe tricyclic antidepressant intoxication?
, International Journal of Artificial Organs 23(9): 618-623 (2000)

Is there a role for immunoblots in the diagnosis of latex allergy? Intermethod comparison of in vitro and in vivo IgE assays in spina bifida patients
, Allergy 55(5): 476-483 (2000)

Is there a role for implantable cardioverter defibrillators in long QT syndrome?
, Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 13(1 Suppl): S110-S113 (2002)

Is there a role for leukocyte and CRP measurements in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in the elderly?
, Maturitas 31(3): 255-258 (1999)

Is there a role for liver biopsy in primary sclerosing cholangitis?
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 98(5): 1155-1158 (2003)

Is there a role for locally produced complement in renal disease?
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 15(10): 1506-1509 (2000)

Is there a role for microorganisms in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis?
, Journal of Internal Medicine 253(1): 4-17 (2003)

Is there a role for molecular prognostic factors in the clinical management of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast?
, RadioTherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 55(2): 95-99 (2000)

Is there a role for pelvic lymph node debulking in advanced cervical cancer?
, Gynecologic Oncology 87(2): 163-170 (2002)

Is there a role for positron emission tomography with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose in the initial staging of nodal negative oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma
, Head and Neck 24(4): 345-349 (2002)

Is there a role for psychology in ulcer disease?
, Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science: the Official Journal of the Pavlovian Society 36(1): 75-83 (2001)

Is there a role for radiation therapy in the management of Hürthle cell carcinoma?
, International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 56(4): 1067-1072 (2003)

Is there a role for radionuclide imaging in breast cancer screening?
, Cancer Investigation 20(4): 595 (2002)

Is there a role for renin profiling in selecting chronic heart failure patients for ACE inhibitor treatment?
, Heart 83(3): 257-261 (2000)

Is there a role for replication fork asymmetry in the distribution of genes in bacterial genomes?
, Trends in Microbiology 10(9): 393-395 (2002)

Is there a role for retinoids to treat minimal residual disease in neuroblastoma?
, British Journal of Cancer 83(9): 1121-1123 (2000)

Is there a role for sentinel node biopsy in early N0 tongue tumors?
, Surgery 128(1): 16-21 (2000)

Is there a role for surgery in the treatment of mastalgia?
, Breast 8(5): 285-288 (1999)

Is there a role for surrogate markers of pre-malignant lesions of cervix in India?
, Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy Part B Biological Sciences 69(1): 73-82 (2003)

Is there a role for the ob gene product leptin in essential hypertension?
, American Journal of Hypertension 11(11 Pt 1): 1305-1311 (1998)

Is there a role for the obstetric flying squad in Peninsula Malaysia?
, Singapore Medical Journal 40(2): 78-80 (1999)

Is there a role for uric acid in an animal model of calcium phosphate nephrocalcinosis and calcium phosphate crystallization in urine of patients with idiopathic calcium urolithiasis? An orientational study
, Journal of Endourology 13(9): 637-645 (1999)

Is there a role of cyclosporine A on total homocysteine export from human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells?
, Kidney International. Supplement 78: S258-S261 (2001)

Is there a safe anticoagulation protocol for pregnant women with prosthetic valves?
, Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology 25(3): 101-104 (1998)

Is there a sea change ahead for obstetrics and gynecology?
, Obstetrics and Gynecology 100(6): 1342-1343 (2002)

Is there a sex difference in human laterality? III. An exhaustive survey of tactile laterality studies from six neuropsychology journals
, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 21(1): 17-28 (1999)

Is there a sex difference in human laterality? IV. An exhaustive survey of dual-task interference studies from six neuropsychology journals
, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 23(2): 137-148 (2001)

Is there a sex difference in the association between birth weight and systolic blood pressure in later life? Findings from a meta-regression analysis
, American Journal of Epidemiology 156(12): 1100-1104 (2002)

Is there a side predilection for cerebrovascular disease?
, Hypertension 42(1): 56-60 (2003)

Is there a simple answer to the origin of complex chromosome exchanges?
, International Journal of Radiation Biology 75(1): 19-22 (1999)

Is there a simpler method for predicting lower pole stone clearance after shockwave lithotripsy than measuring infundibulopelvic angle?
, Journal of Endourology 14(6): 475-478 (2000)

Is there a sound reception window in coastal environments? Evidence from shorebird communication systems
, Naturwissenschaften 86(5): 228-230 (1999)

Is there a special conservation biology?
, Ecography 22(2): 113-122 (1999)

Is there a special relationship between CD30-positive lymphoproliferative disorders and epidermal proliferation?
, Journal of Cutaneous Pathology 27(6): 271-275 (2000)

Is there a stepping movement generator in man?
, Fiziologiya Cheloveka 24(3): 42-50 (1998)

Is there a survival advantage in Asian peritoneal dialysis patients?
, International Journal of Artificial Organs 26(5): 363-372 (2003)

Is there a survival benefit to adjuvant radiotherapy in high-risk surgical stage I endometrial cancer?
, Gynecologic Oncology 86(3): 259-263 (2002)

Is there a syndrome of tuberothalamic artery infarction? A case report and critical review
, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 21(3): 397-411 (1999)

Is there a synergic effect of propafenone associated with atrial overdrive pacing for atrial arrhythmia prevention? A randomised crossover study
, Heart 83(2): 172-177 (2000)

Is there a temporal basis of the word length effect? A response to Service (1998)
, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. A Human Experimental Psychology 53(3): 647-660 (2000)

Is there a temporal pattern in the occurrence of subarachnoid hemorrhage in the southern hemisphere? Pooled data from 3 large, population-based incidence studies in Australasia, 1981 to 1997
, Stroke 32(3): 613-619 (2001)

Is there a thalamic component to experience-dependent cortical plasticity?
, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B Biological Sciences 357(1428): 1709-1715 (2002)

Is there a therapeutic opportunity to either prevent or treat osteopenic disorders by inhibiting marrow adipogenesis?
, Bone 27(2): 177-184 (2000)

Is there a threshold intensity for aerobic training in cardiac patients?
, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 34(7): 1071-1075 (2002)

Is there a threshold of hepatic iron concentration that leads to cirrhosis in C282Y hemochromatosis?
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 96(2): 567-569 (2001)

Is there a toxicological advantage for non-hyperbolic kinetics in cytochrome P450 catalysis? Functional allostery from "distributive catalysis"
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(36): 33258-33266 (2002)

Is there a transient rise in sub-sarcolemmal Na and activation of Na/K pump current following activation of I(Na) in ventricular myocardium?
, Cardiovascular Research 57(4): 1025-1034 (2003)

Is there a true "shift" to the right colon in the incidence of colorectal cancer?
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 98(6): 1400-1409 (2003)

Is there a unifying mechanism for protein folding?
, Trends in Biochemical Sciences 28(1): 18-25 (2003)

Is there a vulnerable plaque?
, Circulation 107(16): 2068-2071 (2003)

Is there abundant zooplankton prey for salmonids in the subarctic North Pacific in winter?
, Bulletin of the National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries 1999(36): 69-75 (1999)

Is there age assortative mating in the European White Stork?
, Waterbirds 22(3): 478-481 (1999)

Is there an Islamic environmentalism?
, Environmental Ethics 22(1): 63-72 (2000)

Why should heme be degraded to iron, bile pigments, and carbon monoxide?
, Iubmb Life 53(3): 183-184 (2002)

Is there an apparent diffusion coefficient threshold in predicting tissue viability in hyperacute stroke?
, Stroke 32(11): 2486-2491 (2001)

Is there an association between Helicobacter pylori infection and coronary heart disease?
, European Journal of Epidemiology 15(7): 611-619 (1999)

Is there an association between Kawasaki disease and Chlamydia pneumoniae?
, Journal of Infectious Diseases 181(6): 2103-2105 (2000)

Is there an association between alcohol intake or smoking and small bowel adenocarcinoma? Results from a European multi-center case-control study
, Cancer Causes and Control: Ccc 11(9): 791-797 (2000)

Is there an association between angiotensin-converting enzyme gene variants and chronic nonproductive cough?
, Chest 118(4): 1091-1094 (2000)

Is there an association between athletic amenorrhea and endothelial cell dysfunction?
, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 35(3): 377-383 (2003)

Is there an association between cataract surgery and age-related macular degeneration? Data from three population-based studies
, American Journal of Ophthalmology 135(6): 849-856 (2003)

Is there an association between duration of untreated psychosis and 24-month clinical outcome in a first-admission series?
, American Journal of Psychiatry 157(1): 60-66 (2000)

Is there an association between female circumcision and perinatal death?
, Bulletin of the World Health Organization 80(8): 629-632 (2002)

Is there an association between hypertension and cancer mortality?
, American Journal of Medicine 112(6): 479-486 (2002)

Is there an association between inhaled corticosteroids and bone density in postmenopausal women?
, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 111(1): 91-96 (2003)

Is there an association between maternal carbamazepine use during pregnancy and eye malformations in the child?
, Epilepsia 43(8): 929-931 (2002)

Is there an association between selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and risk of abnormal bleeding? Results from a cohort study based on prescription event monitoring in England
, European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 57(2): 167-176 (2001)

Is there an association between shift work and having a metabolic syndrome? Results from a population based study of 27,485 people
, Occupational and Environmental Medicine 58(11): 747-752 (2001)

Is there an association of atrial septal aneurysm with arrhythmias?
, Cardiology 91(2): 87-91 (1999)

Is there an association of malignancy with systemic lupus erythematosus? An analysis of 276 patients under long-term review
, Rheumatology 39(10): 1147-1152 (2000)

Is there an astrocyte-neuron ketone body shuttle?
, Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: Tem 12(4): 169-173 (2001)

Is there an easy way of making a microbiological diagnosis of catheter-related sepsis?
, Pathologie Biologie 48(5): 467-469 (2000)

Is there an effect of immunoglobulins and G-CSF on neutrophil phagocytic activity in preterm infants?
, Infection 26(6): 375-378 (1998)

Is there an effect of perioperative blood transfusion on the outcome of radical hysterectomy with lymphadenectomy for cervical cancer in South Africa?
, European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology 19(5): 458-463 (1998)

Is there an epidemic of HIV/AIDS among heterosexuals in the USA?
, Postgraduate Medical Journal 79(934): 444-448 (2003)

Is there an evolutionary relationship between WARP (von Willebrand factor A-domain-related protein) and the FACIT and FACIT-like collagens?
, FEBS Letters 552(2-3): 91-94 (2003)

Is there an increased risk of dying after depression?
, American Journal of Epidemiology 156(11): 1043-1048 (2002)

Is there an innate gaze module? Evidence from human neonates
, Infant Behavior and Development 23(2): 223-229 (2000)

Is there an interaction between perceived direction and perceived aspect ratio in stereoscopic vision?
, Perception and Psychophysics 62(5): 910-926 (2000)

Is there an interchromosomal effect in reciprocal translocation carriers? Sperm FISH studies
, Human Genetics 106(5): 517-524 (2000)

Is there an optimal age for recovery from motor cortex lesions? I. Behavioral and anatomical sequelae of bilateral motor cortex lesions in rats on postnatal days 1, 10, and in adulthood
, Brain Research 882(1-2): 62-74 (2000)

Is there an optimal concentration of cotransplanted islets of Langerhans for stimulation of hepatocytes in three dimensional matrices?
, Transplantation 68(2): 272-279 (1999)

Is there an optimal time for intracavernous prostaglandin E1 rehabilitation following nonnerve sparing radical prostatectomy? Results from a hemodynamic prospective study
, Journal of Urology 169(6): 2166-2169 (2003)

Is there anticipation in the age at onset of cancer in families with Li-Fraumeni syndrome?
, Journal of Human Genetics 47(8): 381-386 (2002)

Is there any association between apolipoprotein E and angiotensin converting enzyme gene polymorphism in patients with Parkinson's disease and dementia in Turkish population?
, Neuroscience Research Communications 27(3): 165-173 (2000)

Is there any benefit from the culture of a single oocyte to a blastocyst-stage embryo in unstimulated cycles?
, Human Reproduction 16(11): 2379-2383 (2001)

Is there any change of stroke incidence during Ramadan?
, Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 101(4): 259-261 (2000)

Is there any consensus in diagnostic and operative strategy with respect to medullary thyroid cancer? A questionnaire answered by 73 endocrine surgical units
, Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 386(1): 47-52 (2001)

Is there any correlation between restriction fragment length polymorphism of the L-myc gene and metastasis of human nonsmall cell lung cancer?
, Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 134(2): 118-122 (2002)

Is there any danger for wild plants from increasing UV-B radiation? The case of Mediterranean plants
, Biologia Gallo-Hellenica 27: 113-134 (2001)

Is there any difference in pregnancy and implantation rates when nurses perform embryo transfer in an IVF-ET program?
, Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation 56(1): 1-5 (2003)

Is there any difference in using blur as a stimulus for accommodation between emmetropes and myopes?
, Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology 105(1): 33-39 (2002)

Is there any evidence for immunologically mediated or immunologically modifiable early pregnancy failure?
, Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 20(2): 63-72 (2003)

Is there any impact of diclofenac on bone cells and their progenitors related to arthroplasty?
, Zeitschrift fuer Rheumatologie 58(1): 13-20 (1999)

Is there any impact of the shape of aortic end-hole cannula on stroke occurrence? clinical evaluation of straight and bent-tip aortic cannulae
, Perfusion 17(6): 451-456 (2002)

Is there any kind of adaptive immunity in invertebrates?
, Aquaculture 2000 191(1-3): 247-258 (2000)

Is there any physiological role for gonadotrophin oligosaccharide heterogeneity in humans? I. Gondatrophins are synthesized and released in multiple molecular forms. A matter of fact
, Human Reproduction 16(4): 599-604 (2001)

Is there any relationship between IEL and lymphoid follicles in the gastric mucosa?
, Gut 47(2): 314-315 (2000)

Is there any relationship between cold-induced vasodilatation and vasomotion?
, Microvascular Research 57(1): 1-7 (1999)

Is there any relationship between functional dyspepsia and chronic gastritis associated with Helicobacter pylori infection?
, Hepato-Gastroenterology 48(38): 594-602 (2001)

Is there any relationship between interleukin-6/interleukin-6 receptor modulation and endogenous interleukin-6 release in metastatic malignant melanoma patients treated by biochemotherapy?
, Melanoma Research 9(2): 181-188 (1999)

Is there any relationship between plasma antioxidant capacity and lung function in smokers and in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?
, Thorax 55(3): 189-193 (2000)

Is there any role for rapid tests for Chlamydia trachomatis?
, International Journal of Std and Aids 13(1): 22-24 (2002)

Is there any seasonal influence in spontaneous bleeding of intracranial aneurysms and/or arteriovenous malformations in Istanbul?
, Swiss Medical Weekly 133(17-18): 267-272 (2003)

Is there any significance for intracellular crystals in plasma cells from patients with monoclonal gammopathies?
, European Journal of Haematology 67(2): 119-122 (2001)

Is there anything wrong with undergraduate medical education in Saudi Arabia
, Saudi Medical Journal 20(3): 215-218 (1999)

Is there chaos in the brain? I. Concepts of nonlinear dynamics and methods of investigation
, Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences. Serie Iii Sciences de la Vie 324(9): 773-793 (2001)

Is there circannual variation of human platelet 5-HT(2A) binding in depression?
, Journal of Affective Disorders 71(1-3): 249-258 (2002)

Is there coherent pan-European epidemiology? What do the numbers mean?
, European Heart Journal 1(Suppl J): J2-J6 (1999)

Is there consensus between breast cancer patients and providers on guidelines for breaking bad news?
, Behavioral Medicine 25(2): 69-77 (1999)

Is there cross-format transfer in implicit invariance learning?
, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. A Human Experimental Psychology 53(1): 235-245 (2000)

Is there cross-toxicity between nevirapine and efavirenz in subjects developing rash?
, Aids 14(11): 1672-1673 (2000)

Is there current competition between sympatric Siberian weasels (Mustela sibirica) and ferret badgers (Melogale moschata) in a subtropical forest ecosystem of Taiwan?
, Zoological Studies 38(4): 443-451 (1999)

Is there epidemiology in Russia?
, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 54(10): 740-744 (2000)

Is there evidence for a latent class called 'hypomanic temperament'?
, Journal of Affective Disorders 75(3): 259-267 (2003)

Is there evidence for exogenous risk factors in the aetiology and spread of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
, Qjm: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians 93(9): 617-631 (2000)

Is there evidence for preferential delivery of ovarian estradiol to the endometrium?
, Fertility and Sterility 75(6): 1156-1158 (2001)

Is there evidence for recommending silver-coated urinary catheters in guidelines?
, Journal of Hospital Infection 52(2): 81-87 (2002)

Is there evidence of fetal-maternal heart rate synchronization?
, Bmc Physiology 3: 2 (2003)

Is there evidence of increased pup production in northwest Atlantic harp seals, Pagophilus groenlandicus?
, ICES Journal of: 81-92 (2002)

Is there functional collateral flow during vascular occlusion in angiographically normal coronary arteries?
, Circulation 107(17): 2213-2220 (2003)

Is there genomic imprinting in Isoetes pantii?
, Bionature 21(1): 19-24 (2001)

Is there grade inflation at medical schools? Case study of the Zagreb University School of Medicine
, Croatian Medical Journal 44(1): 92-97 (2003)

Is there growth hormone deficiency in prader-willi Syndrome? Six arguments to support the presence of hypothalamic growth hormone deficiency in Prader-Willi syndrome
, Hormone Research 53(Suppl): 44-52 (2000)

Is there homogeneity in periodontal health between African Americans and Mexican Americans?
, Ethnicity and Disease 12(1): 97-110 (2002)

Is there hyperviscosity in pre-eclampsia?
, West Indian Medical Journal 49(3): 229-231 (2000)

Is there immune dysregulation in symptomatic Gulf War veterans?
, Zeitschrift fuer Rheumatologie 59(Suppl 2): II/124-II/126 (2000)

Is there increased intervertebral mobility in isthmic adult spondylolisthesis? A matched comparative study using roentgen stereophotogrammetry
, Spine 25(13): 1701-1703 (2000)

Is there life after methotrexate?
, Cancer Investigation 20(4): 593-594 (2002)

Is there loss or qualitative changes in the expression of thyroid peroxidase protein in thyroid epithelial cancer?
, British Journal of Cancer 85(6): 875-880 (2001)

Is there material hazard to treatment with intravenous iron?
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 14(11): 2595-2598 (1999)

Is there more than one inflammatory phenotype in asthma?
, Thorax 57(7): 566-568 (2002)

Is there more than one late radiation proctitis syndrome?
, RadioTherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 51(1): 43-53 (1999)

Is there more to enamel matrix proteins than biomineralization?
, Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology 20(5-6): 307-316 (2001)

Is there more to lung development than steroids and surfactant?
, Pediatrics 106(5): 1103-1104 (2000)

Is there mother-infant bonding in primates?
, Developmental Review 21(1): 93-120 (2001)

Is there neuroprotection in Parkinson syndrome?
, Journal of Neurology 247(Suppl 4): 8-11 (2000)

Is there nicotinic modulation of nerve growth factor? Implications for cholinergic therapies in Alzheimer's disease
, Biological Psychiatry 49(3): 185-193 (2001)

Is there pre-attentive memory-based comparison of pitch?
, Psychophysiology 38(4): 723-727 (2001)

Is there publication bias in the reporting of cancer risk in Barrett's esophagus?
, Gastroenterology 119(2): 333-338 (2000)

Is there really a correlation between AIDS dementia and Kaposi's sarcoma?
, Aids 14(1): 94-95 (2000)

Is there really a heterosexual AIDS epidemic in the United States? Findings from a multisite validation study, 1992-1995
, American Journal of Epidemiology 149(1): 75-84 (1999)

Is there reliable experimental evidence for a low-dose RBE of about 4 for mammography X rays relative to 200 kV X rays?
, Radiation Research 158(6): 778-781 (2002)

Is there remyelination during aging of the primate central nervous system?
, Journal of Comparative Neurology 460(2): 238-254 (2003)

Is there replication-associated mutational pressure in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome?
, Journal of Theoretical Biology 202(4): 305-314 (2000)

Is there room for MR imaging in the assessment of hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies?
, Ajnr. American Journal of Neuroradiology 21(10): 1779-1780 (2000)

Is there safety-in-numbers for prey?
, Oikos 88(3): 527-532 (2000)

Is there seasonal periodicity in the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori?
, Chronobiology International 16(6): 811-819 (1999)

Is there selection in favour of heterozygotes in families with merosin-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy?
, Human Genetics 105(4): 308-313 (1999)

Is there significance of the choice of prone versus supine position in the treatment of proximal ureter stones with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy?
, European Urology 38(5): 618-620 (2000)

Is there solid evidence for reorganization of the neural network associated with development of behavioral sensitization to psychostimulants?
, Nihon Shinkei Seishin Yakurigaku Zasshi 19(2): 47-52 (1999)

Is there sperm storage in the clam shrimp Eulimnadia texana?
, Invertebrate Biology 119(2): 215-221 (2000)

Is there still a need for albumin infusions to treat patients with liver disease?
, Gut 46(5): 588-590 (2000)

Is there still an indication for operative treatment of femoral neck fractures with a ceramic hemiprosthesis? Four-year results
, Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 120(5-6): 299-303 (2000)

Is there such a thing as a healthy appetite?
, Journal of Neuroendocrinology 13(9): 739-740 (2001)

Is there tonic activity in the endogenous opioid systems? A c-Fos study in the rat central nervous system after intravenous injection of naloxone or naloxone-methiodide
, Journal of Comparative Neurology 427(2): 285-301 (2000)

Is thermoregulation really unimportant for tropical reptiles? Comparative study of four sympatric snake species from Africa
, Acta Oecologica 23(2): 59-68 (2002)

Is thiopurine methyltransferase genetic polymorphism a major factor for withdrawal of azathioprine in rheumatoid arthritis patients?
, Rheumatology 42(1): 40-45 (2003)

Is this patient clinically depressed?
, JAMA 287(9): 1160-1170 (2002)

Is this the historical 'cancer germ'?
, Medical Hypotheses 60(2): 290-292 (2003)

Is this woman perimenopausal?
, JAMA 289(7): 895-902 (2003)

Is thought-action fusion specific to obsessive-compulsive disorder?: a mediating role of negative affect
, Behaviour Research and Therapy 41(9): 1069-1079 (2003)

Is thrombogenesis in atrial fibrillation related to matrix metalloproteinase-1 and its inhibitor, TIMP-1?
, Stroke 34(5): 1181-1186 (2003)

Is thrombolysis of lower extremity acute arterial occlusion cost-effective?
, Journal of Surgical Research 83(2): 106-112 (1999)

Is thrombophilia a factor in the development of hemiplegic cerebral palsy?
, Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 43(11): 724-730 (2001)

Is thyroidectomy necessary in RET mutations carriers of the familial medullary thyroid carcinoma syndrome?
, Cancer 89(4): 863-867 (2000)

Is the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway involved in endotoxemia-induced muscular hypercatabolism in rats?
, Metabolism, Clinical and Experimental 48(2): 190-193 (1999)

Is time since hip fracture influencing the discrimination between fractured and nonfractured subjects as assessed at the calcaneum by three technologically different quantitative ultrasound devices?
, Calcified Tissue International 71(6): 485-492 (2002)

Is time the overriding factor in thrombolytic therapy?
, European Heart Journal 23(5): 347-349 (2002)

Is tocolysis safe in the management of third-trimester bleeding?
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 180(6 Pt 1): 1572-1578 (1999)

Is tolerance to UV radiation in zooplankton related to body size, taxon, or lake transparency?
, Ecological Applications 10(5): 1530-1540 (2000)

Is total body weight an appropriate predictor for propofol maintenance dose?
, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 43(8): 842-844 (1999)

Is tourniquet use necessary for knee arthroscopy?
, Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery: Official Publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association 16(6): 648-651 (2000)

Is transcranial Doppler a worthwhile examination for preoperative evaluation of the Circle of Willis? Evaluation of 137 carotid endarterectomies performed under regional anesthesia
, International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology 17(3): 168-170 (1998)

Is transcranial colour Duplex flow imaging of use in selection of patients with acute stroke for thrombolysis?
, Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 68(6): 794 (2000)

Is transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation an effective analgesia during colonoscopy?
, Postgraduate Medical Journal 77(909): 445-446 (2001)

Is transient global amnesia related to endogenous benzodiazepines?
, Journal of Neurology 249(5): 628 (2002)

Is transient lumbar pain after spinal anaesthesia with lidocaine influenced by early mobilisation?
, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 45(3): 290-293 (2001)

Is translocation an effective tool to remove predatory foxes from a desert protected area?
, Journal of Arid Environments e; 48(2): 205-209 (2001)

Is transplant operation important in determining posttransplant risk of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in lung transplant recipients?
, Chest 122(4): 1168-1175 (2002)

Is transposition of the great arteries a consequence of maternal hormone imbalance? Evidence from the sex ratios of relatives of probands
, Journal of Theoretical Biology 198(3): 301-303 (1999)

Is transurethral biopsy of the bladder necessary after 3 months to evaluate response to bacillus Calmette-Guerin therapy?
, Journal of Urology 162(3 Pt 1): 708-709 (1999)

Is transurethral vaporesection of the prostate better than standard transurethral resection?
, European Urology 39(5): 551-557 (2001)

Is transvaginal ultrasonography at mid-trimester useful for predicting early spontaneous preterm birth?
, Journal of Nippon Medical School 70(2): 135-140 (2003)

Is trauma associated with acute rejection of a renal transplant?
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 17(2): 283-284 (2002)

Is traumatic axonal injury (AI) associated with an early microglial activation? Application of a double-labeling technique for simultaneous detection of microglia and AI
, Acta Neuropathologica 97(5): 491-494 (1999)

Is treatment with vaginal pessaries an option in patients with a sonographically detected short cervix?
, Journal of Perinatal Medicine 31(2): 122-133 (2003)

Is treatment-resistant depression a unique subtype of depression?
, Biological Psychiatry 53(8): 640-648 (2003)

Is trophoblastic thickness at the embryonic implantation site a new sign of negative evolution in first trimester pregnancy?
, Human Reproduction 15(7): 1629-1631 (2000)

Is tubal embryo transfer of any value? A meta-analysis and comparison with the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology database
, Fertility and Sterility 76(2): 286-293 (2001)

Is tubulin the sole antigen recognized by a putative anti-bursicon antibody?
, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 122(1): 39-45 (1999)

Is tumor necrosis factor alpha a trigger for the initiation of endometrial prostaglandin F(2alpha) release at luteolysis in cattle?
, Biology of Reproduction 62(5): 1109-1115 (2000)

Is turtle longevity linked to enhanced mechanisms for surviving brain anoxia and reoxygenation?
, Experimental Gerontology 38(7): 797-800 (2003)

Is typing of metaplasia at the squamocolumnar junction revealing its aetiology?
, Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology 436(1): 6-11 (2000)

Is uncomplicated obstetric perineal damage a risk factor for anal incontinence? Evaluation by anorectal manometry
, Zeitschrift fuer Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie 203(1): 24-28 (1999)

Is uniform target dose possible in IMRT plans in the head and neck?
, International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 52(5): 1159-1172 (2002)

Is unilateral adrenalectomy an alternative treatment for ACTH-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia?: Long-term follow-up of four cases
, European Journal of Endocrinology 146(2): 237-240 (2002)

Is up-regulation of phosphodiesterase 4 activity by PGE2 involved in the desensitization of beta-mimetics in late pregnancy human myometrium?
, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 86(11): 5358-5365 (2001)

Is upper gastrointestinal endoscopy indicated in asymptomatic patients with a positive fecal occult blood test and negative colonoscopy?
, American Journal of Medicine 106(6): 613-618 (1999)

Is upper gastrointestinal radiography a cost-effective alternative to a Helicobacter pylori "test and treat" strategy for patients with suspected peptic ulcer disease?
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 95(3): 651-658 (2000)

Is ureteral stenting necessary after uncomplicated ureteroscopic lithotripsy? A prospective, randomized controlled trial
, Journal of Urology 167(5): 1977-1980 (2002)

Is urethral catheterization a successful alternative to suprapubic aspiration in neonates?
, Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 35(1): 34-36 (1999)

Is urethral mobility really being assessed by the pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) system?
, Obstetrics and Gynecology 99(3): 473-476 (2002)

Is urinary drainage necessary during continuous epidural analgesia after colonic resection?
, Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 25(5): 498-501 (2000)

Is use of antiretroviral therapy among homosexual men associated with increased risk of transmission of HIV infection?
, Sexually Transmitted Infections 79(1): 7-10 (2003)

Is use of exogenous estrogen associated with temporomandibular signs and symptoms?
, Journal of the American Dental Association 132(3): 319-326 (2001)

Is uterine papillary serous adenocarcinoma a manifestation of the hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndrome?
, Gynecologic Oncology 79(3): 477-481 (2000)

Is uterine serous papillary carcinoma a BRCA1-related disease? Case report and review of the literature
, Gynecologic Oncology 75(2): 300-304 (1999)

Is vacuolization of podocytes and glomerular endothelial cells of prognostic value with respect to FSGS?
, Polish Journal of Pathology: Official Journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists 49(3): 165-174 (1998)

Is vaginal birth after cesarean less expensive than repeat cesarean delivery?
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 182(3): 599-602 (2000)

Is vaginal birth after cesarean safe? Experience at a community hospital
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 184(7): 1478-84; discussion 1484-7 (2001)

Is vaginal delivery preferable to elective cesarean delivery in fetuses with a known ventral wall defect?
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 182(6): 1527-1534 (2000)

Is valproate pharmacotherapy associated with polycystic ovaries?
, Annals of PharmacoTherapy 33(11): 1211-1216 (1999)

Is vascular and lymphatic space invasion a main prognostic factor in uterine neoplasms with a sarcomatous component? A retrospective study of prognostic factors of 60 patients stratified by stages
, International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 52(5): 1320-1329 (2002)

Is vascular regulation in the central retinal artery altered in persons with vasospasm?
, Archives of Ophthalmology 117(10): 1359-1362 (1999)

Is vecuronium toxicity abolished by hemodialysis? A case report
, Artificial Organs 24(5): 386-387 (2000)

Is veno-occlusive disease a specific syndrome or the exacerbation of physiopathologic hemostatic changes in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)?
, Thrombosis Research 99(5): 439-446 (2000)

Is ventilator-associated pneumonia an independent risk factor for death?
, Anesthesiology 94(4): 554-560 (2001)

Is ventricular repolarization heterogeneity a cause of serious ventricular tachyarrhythmias in aortic valve stenosis?
, Clinical Cardiology 23(6): 449-452 (2000)

Is vertical disparity used to determine azimuth?
, Vision Research 42(7): 801-807 (2002)

Is videotaping of consultations acceptable to patients attending a hospice day centre?
, Palliative Medicine 15(1): 49-54 (2001)

Is visceral adiposity the "enemy within"?
, Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 21(6): 881-883 (2001)

Is vision function related to physical functional ability in older adults?
, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 50(1): 136-145 (2002)

Is visual field constriction in epilepsy patients treated with vigabatrin reversible?
, Journal of Neurology 249(8): 1066-1071 (2002)

Is visual loss due to giant cell arteritis reversible?
, Yonsei Medical Journal 44(1): 155-158 (2003)

Is visual short-term memory object based? Rejection of the "strong-object" hypothesis
, Perception and Psychophysics 64(7): 1055-1067 (2002)

Is visualising ureter before pyeloplasty necessary in adult patients?
, International Urology and Nephrology 32(1): 33-35 (2000)

Is voice therapy an effective treatment for dysphonia? A randomised controlled trial
, BMJ 323(7314): 658-661 (2001)

Is volume related to outcome in health care? A systematic review and methodologic critique of the literature
, Annals of Internal Medicine 137(6): 511-520 (2002)

Is voluntary abortion a seasonal disorder of mood?
, Human Reproduction 16(8): 1748-1752 (2001)

Is waiting for an endogenous luteinizing hormone surge and/or administration of human chorionic gonadotrophin of benefit in intrauterine insemination?
, Human Reproduction 14(7): 1765-1770 (1999)

Is waking electroencephalographic activity a predictor of daytime sleepiness in sleep-related breathing disorders?
, European Respiratory Journal 19(4): 645-652 (2002)

Is warfarin really underused in patients with atrial fibrillation?
, Journal of General Internal Medicine 16(11): 743-749 (2001)

Is weakened circadian rhythmicity a characteristic of neuroticism?
, Journal of Affective Disorders 72(3): 281-289 (2002)

Is weaning failure caused by low-frequency fatigue of the diaphragm?
, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 167(2): 120-127 (2003)

Is weekly docetaxel an active and gentle chemotherapy in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer?
, Anticancer Research 23(2c): 1923-1926 (2003)

Is what has been measured of any direct relevance to the success of the macrophyte in its particular environment?
, Journal of Limnology 60(Suppl 1): 33-38 (2001)

Is whole body impedance a predictor of blood viscosity?
, Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation 28(3): 129-137 (2003)

Is whole grain intake associated with reduced total and cause-specific death rates in older women? The Iowa Women's Health Study
, American Journal of Public Health 89(3): 322-329 (1999)

Is whole-brain irradiation necessary for primary central nervous system lymphoma? Patterns of recurrence after partial-brain irradiation
, Cancer 97(1): 128-133 (2003)

Is wind drift in migrating barnacle and brent geese, Branta leucopsis and Branta bernicla, adaptive or non-adaptive?
, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 50(1): 45-54 (2001)

Is wine good for your heart? A critical review
, Postgraduate Medical Journal 77(905): 172-176 (2001)

Is withdrawal-induced anxiety in alcoholism based on beta-endorphin deficiency?
, Psychopharmacology 162(4): 433-437 (2002)

Is writer's cramp caused by a deficit of sensorimotor integration?
, Experimental Brain Research 136(3): 321-330 (2001)

Is xylem embolism and refilling involved in the rapid wilting and recovery of plants following root cooling and rewarming? A cryo-microscope investigation
, Plant Biology 1(5): 506-515 (1999)

Is your IVF programme good?
, Human Reproduction 17(1): 8-10 (2002)

Is your patient taking the medicine? A simple assay to measure compliance with 5-aminosalicylic acid-containing compounds
, Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 16(12): 2053-2059 (2002)

Is your ribozyme design really correct?: A proposal of simple single turnover competition assay to evaluate ribozymes
, Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 65(7): 1636-1644 (2001)

Is zidovudine therapy in pregnant HIV-infected women associated with gestational age and birthweight?
, Aids 13(1): 119-124 (1999)

Isa1p is a component of the mitochondrial machinery for maturation of cellular iron-sulfur proteins and requires conserved cysteine residues for function
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(21): 15955-15961 (2000)

Isaac Israeli and his Book of Urine
, Scottish Medical Journal 44(3): 86-88 (1999)

Isaacs' syndrome as a potassium channelopathy of the nerve
, Muscle and Nerve. Supplement 11: S55-S58 (2002)

Isaacs' syndrome successfully treated by immunoadsorption plasmapheresis
, Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 102(4): 271-273 (2000)

Isabela Crater-Lake: A Mexican insular saline lake
, Hydrobiologia 381: 1-7 (1998)

Isachne jayachandranii (Gramineae): A new grass from southern Western Ghats, India
, Kew Bulletin 55(4): 1005-1007 (2000)

Isatin (Indole-2, 3-dione) inhibits natriuretic peptide-induced hyperthermia in rats
, Peptides 21(3): 373-377 (2000)

Ischaemia after exercise does not reduce responses of human motoneurones to cortical or corticospinal tract stimulation
, Journal of Physiology 525 Pt 3: 793-801 (2000)

Ischaemia induces changes in the association of the binding protein 4E-BP1 and eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4G to eIF4E in differentiated PC12 cells
, Biochemical Journal 351 Pt 2: 327-334 (2000)

Ischaemia selectivity confers efficacy for suppression of ischaemia-induced arrhythmias in rats
, European Journal of Pharmacology 398(3): 365-374 (2000)

Ischaemia triggered by spreading neuronal activation is inhibited by vasodilators in rats
, Journal of Physiology 531(Pt 2): 515-526 (2001)

Ischaemia-reperfusion injury of rat ovary and the effects of vitamin C, mannitol and verapamil
, Human Reproduction 17(11): 2972-2976 (2002)

Ischaemia-reperfusion injury of the peripheral nerve: An experimental study
, Microsurgery 19(8): 374-380 (1999)

Ischaemic bowel disease in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 14(8): 2032-2034 (1999)

Ischaemic changes in refractoriness of human cutaneous afferents under threshold-clamp conditions
, Journal of Physiology 523 Pt 3: 807-815 (2000)

Ischaemic colitis in a patient taking meloxicam
, Lancet 357(9257): 690 (2001)

Ischaemic complication following obliteration of unruptured cerebral aneurysms with atherosclerotic or calcified neck
, Acta Neurochirurgica 141(7): 699-705; discussion 705-6 (1999)

Ischaemic heart disease and Cag A strains of Helicobacter pylori in the Caerphilly heart disease study
, Heart 86(5): 506-509 (2001)

Ischaemic heart disease following renal transplantation
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 15(2): 269-277 (2000)

Ischaemic heart disease in the dog: A review of 65 cases
, Journal of Small Animal Practice 41(3): 97-103 (2000)

Ischaemic heart failure: A new explanation of its cause and preventability
, International Journal of Cardiology 86(2-3): 259-263 (2002)

Ischaemic hepatitis in the elderly
, Gerontology 48(4): 245-249 (2002)

Ischaemic optic neuropathy following bilateral neck dissection
, Journal of Laryngology and Otology 115(2): 158-160 (2001)

Ischaemic penumbra: highlights
, Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 24(7-8): 517-529 (2002)

Ischaemic pre-conditioning in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures is inversely correlated to the induction of the 72 kDa heat shock protein (HSP72)
, Brain Research 845(2): 152-164 (1999)

Ischaemic preconditioning alters the energy metabolism and protects the ischaemic myocardium in a stepwise fashion
, Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 178(2): 129-137 (2003)

Ischaemic preconditioning ameliorates functional disturbance and impaired renal perfusion in rat ischaemia-reperfused kidneys
, Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 27(12): 997-1001 (2000)

Ischaemic preconditioning and a mitochondrial KATP channel opener both produce cardioprotection accompanied by F1F0-ATPase inhibition in early ischaemia
, Basic Research in Cardiology 98(4): 250-258 (2003)

Ischaemic preconditioning and mast cell histamine release: Microdialysis of isolated rat hearts
, Pharmacological Research 45(5): 383-390 (2002)

Ischaemic preconditioning changes the pattern of coronary reactive hyperaemia in the goat: role of adenosine and nitric oxide
, Cardiovascular Research 42(1): 57-64 (1999)

Ischaemic preconditioning in the pig assessed by myocardial perfusion imaging and histochemistry
, Apmis. Supplementum 2003(109): 122-126 (2003)

Ischaemic preconditioning inhibits opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pores in the reperfused rat heart
, Journal of Physiology 549(Pt 2): 513-524 (2003)

Ischaemic preconditioning protects the rat kidney from reperfusion injury
, BJU International 84(4): 489-494 (1999)

Ischaemic preconditioning reduces infarct size following global ischaemia in the murine myocardium
, Basic Research in Cardiology 93(5): 384-390 (1998)

Ischaemic preconditioning reduces spinal cord injury in transient ischaemia
, Acta Cardiologica 57(4): 279-285 (2002)

Ischaemic stroke in a sportsman who consumed MaHuang extract and creatine monohydrate for body building
, Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 68(1): 112-113 (2000)

Ischaemic stroke subtypes in children and adults
, Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 45(4): 229-232 (2003)

Ischaemic strokes and homozygosity for the alpha2 807T allele of the platelet collagen receptor in young monozygotic twins
, Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis 14(1): 83-85 (2003)

Ischaemic tolerance in aged mouse myocardium: the role of adenosine and effects of A1 adenosine receptor overexpression
, Journal of Physiology 549(Pt 3): 823-833 (2003)

Ischaemie-/Reperfusions-Syndrom - Das Serummyoglobin im Verlauf und seine Wertigkeit als Prognoseparameter. Eine retrospektive Analyse klinischer Daten
, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin 39(1): 38-46 (2002)

Ischaemietoleranz: Modell fuer die Forschung, Hoffnung fuer die Klinik?
, Nervenarzt 72(4): 255-260 (2001)

Ischemia Management with Accupril post bypass Graft via Inhibition of angiotensin co Nverting enzyme (IMAGINE): a multicentre randomized trial - design and rationale
, Canadian Journal of Cardiology 18(11): 1191-1200 (2002)

Ischemia after carotid endarterectomy: comparison between transcranial Doppler sonography and diffusion-weighted MR imaging
, Ajnr. American Journal of Neuroradiology 21(1): 47-54 (2000)

Ischemia and failed regeneration in chronic experimental neuromas
, Brain Research 946(1): 24-30 (2002)

Ischemia and fibrosis: the risk mechanisms of hypertensive heart disease
, Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 33(6): 693-700 (2000)

Ischemia and ischemic tolerance induction differentially regulate protein expression of GluR1, GluR2, and AMPA receptor binding protein in the gerbil hippocampus: GluR2 (GluR-B) reduction does not predict neuronal death
, Stroke 33(4): 1093-1100 (2002)

Ischemia and reperfusion impair the gene expression of endogenous basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in rat skeletal muscles
, Journal of Surgical Research 80(1): 88-93 (1998)

Ischemia at 4 degrees C: a novel mouse model to investigate the effect of hypothermia on postischemic hepatic microcirculatory injury
, Research in Experimental Medicine. Zeitschrift für die Gesamte Experimentelle Medizin Einschliesslich Experimenteller Chirurgie 200(2): 93-105 (2001)

Ischemia but not anoxia evokes vesicular and Ca(2+)-independent glutamate release in the dorsal vagal complex in vitro
, Journal of Neurophysiology 83(5): 2905-2915 (2000)

Ischemia causes muscle fatigue
, Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society 19(3): 436-440 (2001)

Ischemia impairs liver regeneration after major tissue loss in rodents: protective effects of interleukin-6
, Hepatology 30(2): 469-475 (1999)

Ischemia in the territory of a hypoplastic vertebrobasilar system
, Neurology 52(5): 980-983 (1999)

Ischemia in the territory of the first major septal perforator branch anomalously originating from the first diagonal branch leads to a transient leftward shift of the QRS axis in the frontal plane: a case report
, Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society 67(10): 885-888 (2003)

Ischemia increases detectable endothelial nitric oxide synthase in rat and human myocardium
, Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry 5(4): 317-333 (2001)

Ischemia increases prostaglandin H synthase-2 levels in retina and visual cortex in piglets
, Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 239(1): 59-65 (2001)

Ischemia induced changes in expression of the astrocyte glutamate transporter GLT1 in hippocampus of the rat
, Neurochemistry International 37(2-3): 277-285 (2000)

Ischemia induces a selective biphasic response in brain mitochondrial mRNA levels
, Neuroreport 10(7): 1593-1598 (1999)

Ischemia induces metallothionein III expression in neurons of rat brain
, Life Sciences 64(8): 707-715 (1999)

Ischemia modified albumin is a sensitive marker of myocardial ischemia after percutaneous coronary intervention
, Circulation 107(19): 2403-2405 (2003)

Ischemia promotes renin activation and angiotensin formation in sympathetic nerve terminals isolated from the human heart: contribution to carrier-mediated norepinephrine release
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 302(2): 539-544 (2002)

Ischemia reperfusion-induced dynamic changes of protein tyrosine phosphorylation during human lung transplantation
, Transplantation 70(3): 525-531 (2000)

Ischemia times and donor serum creatinine in relation to renal graft failure
, Transplantation 75(6): 799-804 (2003)

Ischemia triggered by red blood cell products in the subarachnoid space is inhibited by nimodipine administration or moderate volume expansion/hemodilution in rats
, Neurosurgery 51(6): 1457-65; Discussion 1465-7 (2002)

Ischemia, whether from ligation or torsion, causes ultrastructural changes on the contralateral testis
, Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology 36(4): 302-306 (2002)

Ischemia-induced STAT-1 expression and activation play a critical role in cardiomyocyte apoptosis
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(14): 10002-10008 (2000)

Ischemia-induced action potential shortening is blunted by d-sotalol in a pig model of reversible myocardial ischemia
, Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 35(4): 638-645 (2000)

Ischemia-induced brain damage depends on specific gap-junctional coupling
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 22(4): 453-462 (2002)

Ischemia-induced changes in 2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthethase mRNA levels in rat brain: Comparison with changes produced by perturbations of endoplasmic reticulum calcium homeostasis in neuronal cell cultures
, Neuroscience Letters 263(2-3): 109-112 (1999)

Ischemia-induced changes in monocarboxylate transporter 1 reactive cells in rat hippocampus
, Neurological Research 25(1): 83-86 (2003)

Ischemia-induced changes of the signal-averaged electrocardiogram: Experimental investigation during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty balloon-occluded coronary artery
, Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 10(10): 1316-1322 (1999)

Ischemia-induced coronary collateral growth is dependent on vascular endothelial growth factor and nitric oxide
, Circulation 102(25): 3098-3103 (2000)

Ischemia-induced degeneration of CA1 pyramidal cells decreases seizure severity in a subgroup of epileptic gerbils and affects parvalbumin immunoreactivity of CA1 interneurons
, Experimental Neurology 168(2): 364-372 (2001)

Ischemia-induced dephosphorylation of cardiomyocyte connexin-43 is reduced by okadaic acid and calyculin A but not fostriecin
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 242(1-2): 129-134 (2003)

Ischemia-induced glutamate release in rat frontoparietal cortex after chronic alcohol and withdrawal
, Neuroscience Letters 326(3): 183-186 (2002)

Ischemia-induced glutamate release in the dentate gyrus. A microdialysis study in the gerbil
, Neuroscience Letters 271(3): 191-194 (1999)

Ischemia-induced inhibition of active calcium transport into gerbil brain microsomes: Effect of anesthetics and models of ischemia
, Neurochemical Research 25(2): 285-292 (2000)

Ischemia-induced inhibition of the initiation factor 2alpha phosphatase activity in the rat brain
, Neuroreport 12(5): 1021-1025 (2001)

Ischemia-induced interleukin-6 as a potential endogenous neuroprotective cytokine against NMDA receptor-mediated excitotoxicity in the brain
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 20(6): 956-966 (2000)

Ischemia-induced modifications of protein components of rat brain postsynaptic densities
, Neurochemistry International 34(4): 329-336 (1999)

Ischemia-induced neuronal cell loss is associated with loss of atypical angiotensin type-1 receptor expression in the gerbil hippocampal formation
, Brain Research 817(1-2): 34-44 (1999)

Ischemia-induced phosphorylation of initiation factor 2 in differentiated PC12 cells: Role for initiation factor 2 phosphatase
, Journal of Neurochemistry 75(6): 2335-2345 (2000)

Ischemia-induced taurine release is modified by nitric oxide-generating compounds in slices from the developing and adult mouse hippocampus
, Neurochemical Research 27(5): 395-402 (2002)

Ischemia-induced ventricular fibrillation in isolated perfused rat heart: Role of alpha1A-adrenoceptor mediated activation of protein kinase C
, Basic Research in Cardiology 96(1): 68-74 (2001)

Ischemia-reperfusion alters gene expression of Na+-K+ ATPase isoforms in rat heart
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 306(2): 457-462 (2003)

Ischemia-reperfusion arrhythmias and electrophysiological properties in isolated guinea pig right ventricular free wall
, Xi'an Yike Daxue Xuebao 19(4): 526-530 (1998)

Ischemia-reperfusion decreases protein tyrosine phosphorylation and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation in rat lung transplants
, Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation: the Official Publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 22(3): 338-346 (2003)

Ischemia-reperfusion does not cause significant hyaluronan depolymerization in skeletal muscle
, Microvascular Research 64(2): 353-362 (2002)

Ischemia-reperfusion in the adult mouse heart influence of age
, Experimental Gerontology 34(5): 699-714 (1999)

Ischemia-reperfusion injury after relief of ureteral obstruction: an animal study
, Journal of Endourology 15(2): 209-211 (2001)

Ischemia-reperfusion injury at the microvascular level: treatment by endothelin A-selective antagonist and evaluation by myocardial contrast echocardiography
, Circulation 102(25): 3111-3116 (2000)

Ischemia-reperfusion injury following superior mesenteric artery occlusion and strangulation obstruction
, Journal of Surgical Research 108(1): 39-43 (2002)

Ischemia-reperfusion injury in chronic pressure ulcer formation: A skin model in the rat
, Wound Repair and Regeneration: Official Publication of the Wound Healing Society and the European Tissue Repair Society 8(1): 68-76 (2000)

Ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat fatty liver: role of nutritional status
, Hepatology 29(4): 1139-1146 (1999)

Ischemia-reperfusion injury in renal transplantation is independent of the immunologic background
, Kidney International 58(5): 2166-2177 (2000)

Ischemia-reperfusion injury of retinal endothelium by cyclooxygenase- and xanthine oxidase-derived superoxide
, Experimental Eye Research 74(4): 493-501 (2002)

Ischemia-reperfusion injury of the cochlea: Effects of an iron chelator and nitric oxide synthase inhibitors
, Hearing Research 160(1-2): 31-36 (2001)

Ischemia-reperfusion liver injury: Effect of a nutritional approach with K-17.22 on hepatic antioxidant defense system
, Biomedical Research 22(5): 221-227 (2001)

Ischemia-reperfusion of rat myocardium activates nuclear factor-KappaB and induces neutrophil infiltration via lipopolysaccharide-induced CXC chemokine
, Circulation 103(18): 2296-2302 (2001)

Ischemia-reperfusion protects the rat small intestine against subsequent injury
, Journal of Surgical Research 82(1): 1-10 (1999)

Ischemia-reperfusion-induced lung injury
, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 167(4): 490-511 (2003)

Ischemia-reperfusion-related repair deficit after oxidative stress: Implications of faulty transcripts in neuronal sensitivity after brain injury
, Journal of Biomedical Science 10(1): 4-13 (2003)

Ischemia-reperfusion: Mechanisms of microvascular dysfunction and the influence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease
, Microcirculation 6(3): 167-178 (1999)

Ischemia-stimulated glucose uptake does not require catecholamines in rat heart
, Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 31(2): 435-443 (1999)

Ischemia/reperfusion injury in microvascular surgery
, Head and Neck 22(7): 700-713 (2000)

Ischemia/reperfusion injury of skeletal muscle: plasma taurine as a measure of tissue damage
, Surgery 133(1): 91-100 (2003)

Ischemia/reperfusion-induced arrhythmias in anaesthetized rats: a role of Na+ and Ca2+ influx
, European Journal of Pharmacology 365(2-3): 233-239 (1999)

Ischemia/reperfusion-induced changes in intracellular free Ca2+ levels in rat skeletal muscle fibers--an in vivo study
, Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology 440(2): 302-308 (2000)

Ischemia/reperfusion-induced changes of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity is opioid related in Sprague-Dawley rat
, Neuroscience Letters 349(3): 155-158 (2003)

Ischemia/reperfusion-induced increase in the hepatic level of prostacyclin is mainly mediated by activation of capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons in rats
, Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 139(4): 218-226 (2002)

Ischemia/Reperfusion-Induced pancreatitis
, Digestive Surgery 17(1): 3-14 (2000)

Ischemia/reperfusion-induced pancreatitis in rats: A new model of complete normothermic in situ ischemia of a pancreatic tail-segment
, Clinical and Experimental Medicine 1(1): 51-59 (2001)

Ischemia/reperfusion-injury of skeletal muscle: Pathophysiology and clinical implications
, Vasa 27(4): 207-215 (1998)

Ischemic "cross" tolerance in hypoxic ischemia of immature rat brain
, Brain Research 847(2): 299-307 (1999)

Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Decompression Trial: twenty-four-month update
, Archives of Ophthalmology 118(6): 793-798 (2000)

Ischemic acute renal failure and apoptosis
, Hubei Yikedaxue Xuebao 20(3): 203-206 (1999)

Ischemic acute renal failure induces differential expression of small heat shock proteins
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 11(2): 211-221 (2000)

Ischemic acute renal failure: long-term histology of cell and matrix changes in the rat
, Kidney International 57(6): 2375-2385 (2000)

Ischemic and nonischemic heart failure do not require different treatment strategies
, Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 33(Suppl): S1-S7 (1999)

Ischemic and pharmacological induction of delayed cellular protection in iNOS gene-disrupted mice myocytes
, Polish Journal of Pharmacology 55(1): 73-79 (2003)

Ischemic and pharmacological preconditioning in Girardi cells and C2C12 myotubes induce mitochondrial uncoupling
, Circulation Research 89(9): 787-792 (2001)

Ischemic and pharmacological preconditioning induces further delayed protection in transgenic mouse cardiac myocytes over-expressing adenosine A1 receptors (A1AR): role of A1AR, iNOS and K(ATP) channels
, Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 367(3): 219-226 (2003)

Ischemic bandage injuries: a case series and review of the literature
, Veterinary Surgery: Vs 29(6): 488-498 (2000)

Ischemic basis for deep white matter hyperintensities in major depression: a neuropathological study
, Archives of General Psychiatry 59(9): 785-792 (2002)

Ischemic brain damage in mice after selectively modifying BDNF or NT4 gene expression
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 20(1): 139-144 (2000)

Ischemic brain injury caused by interrupted versus uninterrupted occlusion in hypotensive rats with subarachnoid hemorrhage: neuroprotective effects of citicoline
, Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry 109(2): 161-167 (2001)

Ischemic brain tissue salvaged from infarction by the GP IIb/IIIa platelet antagonist tirofiban
, Neurology 58(3): 474-476 (2002)

Ischemic but not pharmacological preconditioning requires protein synthesis
, Circulation 102(19 Suppl 3): Iii312-8 (2000)

Ischemic cardiac failure by coronary sclerosis in youth with goiter
, Research and Practice in Forensic Medicine 41: 155-160 (1998)

Ischemic cardiomyopathy and the cellular renin-angiotensin system
, Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation: the Official Publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 19(8 Suppl): S1-S11 (2000)

Ischemic cardiomyopathy--transplantation and bridging with mechanical assist systems
, Zeitschrift für Kardiologie 87(Suppl): 181-187 (1998)

Ischemic cardiomyopathy: A historical note
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 39(9): 1564-1565 (2002)

Ischemic cardiovascular disease in persons with human immunodeficiency virus infection
, Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 34(1): 98-102 (2002)

Ischemic cell death: Dynamics of delayed secondary energy failure during reperfusion following focal ischemia
, Metabolic Brain Disease 17(2): 113-121 (2002)

Ischemic cerebral tissue and MCP-1 enhance rat bone marrow stromal cell migration in interface culture
, Experimental Hematology 30(7): 831-836 (2002)

Ischemic cerebral vascular events in young subjects: A prospective study in 296 patients aged 16 to 45 years
, Revue Neurologique (Paris) 155(8): 575-582 (1999)

Ischemic colitis
, Verdauungskrankheiten 18(4): 169-175 (2000)

Ischemic colitis and phlebosclerotic colitis
, Journal of the Japan Society of Coloproctology 54(10): 926-931 (2001)

Ischemic colitis associated with anti-beta2 glycoprotein-I antibody
, Annals of Internal Medicine 137(4): 299 (2002)

Ischemic colitis during pregnancy and contraceptive medication
, Digestion 64(2): 125-127 (2001)

Ischemic colitis during treatment with alosetron
, Gastroenterology 120(2): 557-560 (2001)

Ischemic colitic in the elderly: predictive factors of gangrenous outcome
, Gastroenterologie Clinique et Biologique 23(5): 470-474 (1999)

Ischemic colitis with atypical reactive changes that mimic dysplasia (pseudodysplasia)
, Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 125(2): 224-227 (2001)

Ischemic colitis with chronic stenotic evolution
, Annali Italiani di Chirurgia 70(1): 115-20; Discussion 120-1 (1999)

Ischemic colitis: CT evaluation of 54 cases
, Radiology 211(2): 381-388 (1999)

Ischemic complications after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
, American Journal of Medicine 108(4): 309-316 (2000)

Ischemic complications of surgery for anterior choroidal artery aneurysms
, Journal of Neurosurgery 94(4): 565-572 (2001)

Ischemic conditioning prevents Na,K-ATPase dissociation from the cytoskeletal cellular fraction after repeat renal ischemia in rats
, Pediatric Research 51(6): 722-727 (2002)

Ischemic core and penumbra in human stroke
, Stroke 30(1): 93-99 (1999)

Ischemic depolarization monitoring: evaluation of protein synthesis in the hippocampal CA1 after brief unilateral ischemia in a gerbil model
, Journal of Neurosurgery 97(1): 104-111 (2002)

Ischemic dilatative cardiomyopathy and aneurysms of the left ventricular cavity: transplantation vs alternative surgery
, International Journal of Artificial Organs 25(5): 401-410 (2002)

Ischemic events associated with unruptured intracranial aneurysms: multicenter clinical study and review of the literature
, Neurosurgery 46(2): 282-9; Discussion 289-90 (2000)

Ischemic exercise and the muscle metaboreflex
, Journal of Applied Physiology 89(4): 1432-1436 (2000)

Ischemic exercise testing in suspected McArdle disease
, Clinical Chemistry 46(8 Pt 1): 1198-1199 (2000)

Ischemic Heart Disease
, Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine 2(1): 27-36 (2000)

Ischemic heart disease after mantlefield irradiation for Hodgkin's disease in long-term follow-up
, RadioTherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 51(1): 35-42 (1999)

Ischemic heart disease associated with vincristine and doxorubicin chemotherapy
, Annals of PharmacoTherapy 35(11): 1403-1405 (2001)

Ischemic heart disease in black South African stroke patients
, Stroke 31(6): 1294-1298 (2000)

Ischemic heart disease: A haematological, biochemical and cytogenetic study
, International Journal of Human Genetics 3(3): 159-163 (2003)

Ischemic hepatitis induced by mesenteric volvulus in a patient with chronic obstructive lung disease
, Journal of Gastroenterology 35(2): 168-172 (2000)

Ischemic hepatitis: Clinical presentation and pathogenesis
, American Journal of Medicine 109(2): 109-113 (2000)

Ischemic inactivation of G protein-coupled receptor kinase and altered desensitization of canine cardiac beta-adrenergic receptors
, Circulation 102(20): 2535-2540 (2000)

Ischemic infarct involving all arterial territories of the thalamus
, Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 107(6): 423-425 (2003)

Ischemic injury and faulty gene transcripts in the brain
, Trends in Neurosciences 24(10): 581-588 (2001)

Ischemic injury and repair process after transection in hypothyroid rat muscles
, Muscle and Nerve 27(5): 595-603 (2003)

Ischemic injury to mitochondrial electron transport in the aging heart: damage to the iron-sulfur protein subunit of electron transport complex III
, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 385(1): 117-128 (2001)

Ischemic insults derepress the gene silencer REST in neurons destined to die
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 23(6): 2112-2121 (2003)

Ischemic intensity influences the distribution of delayed infarction and apoptotic cell death following transient focal cerebral ischemia in rats
, Brain Research 956(1): 14-23 (2002)

Ischemic intestinal involvement in a patient with Buerger disease: Case report and literature review
, Journal of Vascular Surgery 38(1): 170-174 (2003)

Ischemic lacunar stroke in patients with and without potential mechanism other than small-artery disease
, Stroke 34(3): 653-659 (2003)

Ischemic loss of sarcolemmal dystrophin and spectrin: correlation with myocardial injury
, Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 33(6): 1165-1179 (2001)

Ischemic maculopathy in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
, American Journal of Ophthalmology 132(5): 727-733 (2001)

Ischemic mitral regurgitation: Long-term outcome and prognostic implications with quantitative Doppler assessment
, Circulation 103(13): 1759-1764 (2001)

Ischemic necrosis of bile ducts complicating Schönlein-Henoch purpura
, Gastroenterology 117(1): 211-214 (1999)

Ischemic necrosis of gastric wall after long-term ergotamine pill abuse: case report and review of the literature
, Digestive Diseases and Sciences 46(5): 981-984 (2001)

Ischemic neuronal death in the rat hippocampus: The calpain-calpastatin-caspase hypothesis
, Neurobiology of Disease 13(2): 75-88 (2003 )

Ischemic optic neuropathy as the first manifestation of elevated cholesterol levels in young patients
, Ophthalmology 110(5): 1041-6; Discussion 1046 (2003)

Ischemic optic neuropathy associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage after rupture of anterior communicating artery aneurysm
, Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie. International Journal of Ophthalmology. Zeitschrift für Augenheilkunde 217(1): 79-84 (2003)

Ischemic penumbra: evidence from functional imaging in man
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 20(9): 1276-1293 (2000)

Ischemic pre-conditioning affects the subcellular distribution of protein kinase C and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II in the gerbil hippocampal CA1 neurons
, Neurological Research 23(7): 751-754 (2001)

Ischemic pre-conditioning of 5 minutes but not of 10 minutes improves lung function after warm ischemia in a canine model
, Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation: the Official Publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 20(9): 985-995 (2001)

Ischemic pre-conditioning preserves brain mitochondrial functions during the middle cerebral artery occlusion in rat
, Neurological Research 25(5): 471-476 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning activates MAPKAPK2 in the isolated rabbit heart: evidence for involvement of p38 MAPK
, Circulation Research 86(2): 144-151 (2000)

Ischemic preconditioning activates phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase upstream of protein kinase C
, Circulation Research 87(4): 309-315 (2000)

Ischemic preconditioning and infarct mass: the effect of hypercholesterolemia and endothelial dysfunction
, Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 22(2): 165-179 (2000)

Ischemic preconditioning and nicorandil pretreatment improve donor heart preservation
, Japanese Circulation Journal 65(7): 678-682 (2001)

Ischemic preconditioning and the beta-adrenergic signal transduction pathway
, Circulation 100(9): 958-966 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning attenuates apoptosis through protein kinase C in rat hearts
, American Journal of Physiology 277(5): H1997-H2001 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning attenuates apoptotic cell death in the rat retina
, IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 43(9): 3059-3066 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning attenuates cardiac sympathetic nerve injury via ATP-sensitive potassium channels during myocardial ischemia
, Circulation 104(9): 1053-1058 (2001)

Ischemic preconditioning attenuates functional, metabolic, and morphologic injury from ischemic acute renal failure in the rat
, Renal Failure 21(2): 135-145 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning attenuates hypoperfusion after retinal ischemia in rats
, IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 40(12): 2925-2931 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning before lower limb ischemia--reperfusion protects against acute lung injury
, Journal of Vascular Surgery 35(6): 1264-1273 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning by caspase cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 23(22): 7967-7973 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning changes the pattern of coronary reactive hyperemia regardless of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) channel blockade
, Life Sciences 71(19): 2299-2309 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning decreases laparoscopy-induced oxidative stress in small intestine
, Hepato-Gastroenterology 50(52): 979-982 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning decreases postischemic myocardial tumor necrosis factor-alpha production. Potential ultimate effector mechanism of preconditioning
, Circulation 98(19 Suppl): Ii214 (1998)

Ischemic preconditioning detected by treadmill exercise tests in patients with stable angina
, Angiology 54(1): 45-50 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning: from the first to the second window of protection
, Life Sciences 69(1): 1-15 (2001)

Ischemic preconditioning improves mitochondrial tolerance to experimental calcium overload
, Journal of Surgical Research 103(2): 243-251 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning in 18- to 20-month-old gerbils: long-term survival with functional outcome measures
, Stroke 30(6): 1240-1246 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning in a rodent hepatocyte model of liver hypothermic preservation injury
, Cryobiology 44(3): 269-278 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning in chronically hypoxic neonatal rat heart
, Pediatric Research 52(4): 561-567 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning in humans: models, mediators, and clinical relevance
, Circulation 100(5): 559-563 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning in immature hearts: mechanism and compatibility with cardioplegia
, Chinese Medical Journal 116(2): 253-257 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning in immature myocardium
, Circulation 98(19 Suppl): Ii206-Ii213 (1998)

Ischemic preconditioning in isolated cells
, Circulation Research 86(9): 926-931 (2000)

Ischemic preconditioning in rats: role of mitochondrial K(ATP) channel in preservation of mitochondrial function
, American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 278(1): H305-H312 (2000)

Ischemic preconditioning in the hippocampus of a knockout mouse lacking SUR1-based K(ATP) channels
, Stroke 34(1): 164-170 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning increases iNOS transcript levels in conscious rabbits via a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism
, Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 31(8): 1469-1481 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning increases the tolerance of Fatty liver to hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury in the rat
, American Journal of Pathology 161(2): 587-601 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning is capable of inducing mitochondrial tolerance in the rat brain
, Anesthesiology 97(4): 896-901 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning limits infarct size following regional ischemia-reperfusion in in situ mouse hearts
, Cardiovascular Research 42(3): 680-684 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning mediated by activation of KATP channels in rat small intestine
, Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao 20(4): 341-344 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning of myocardium
, Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 23(10): 865-870 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning of renal tissue: identification of early up-regulated genes
, Nephron. Experimental Nephrology 93(3): E107-E116 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning preserves connexin 43 phosphorylation during sustained ischemia in pig hearts in vivo
, FASEB Journal 17(10): 1355-1357 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning preserves mitochondrial function after global cerebral ischemia in rat hippocampus
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 21(12): 1401-1410 (2001)

Ischemic preconditioning prevents I/R-induced alterations in SR calcium-calmodulin protein kinase II
, American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 278(6): H1791-H1798 (2000)

Ischemic preconditioning prevents endothelial injury and systemic neutrophil activation during ischemia-reperfusion in humans in vivo
, Circulation 103(12): 1624-1630 (2001)

Ischemic preconditioning prevents ischemia-induced beta-adrenergic receptor sequestration
, Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 35(8): 923-929 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning prevents postischemic P-selectin expression in the rat small intestine
, American Journal of Physiology 277(6): H2476-H2481 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning prevents postischemic arteriolar, capillary, and postcapillary venular dysfunction: Signaling pathways mediating the adaptive metamorphosis to a protected phenotype in preconditioned endothelium
, Microcirculation (New York) 9(2): 73-89 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning prior to aortic cross-clamping protects high-energy phosphate levels, glucose uptake, and myocyte contractility
, Journal of Surgical Research 105(2): 153-159 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning promotes a transient, but not sustained translocation of protein kinase C and sensitization of adenylyl cyclase
, Basic Research in Cardiology 98(2): 104-113 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning protection against stunning in conscious diabetic sheep: role of glucose, insulin, sarcolemmal and mitochondrial KATP channels
, Cardiovascular Research 55(3): 642-659 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning protects against cold ischemic injury through an oxidative stress dependent mechanism
, Journal of Hepatology 36(1): 78-84 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning protects the mouse liver by inhibition of apoptosis through a caspase-dependent pathway
, Hepatology 30(5): 1223-1231 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning protects the steatotic mouse liver against reperfusion injury: An ATP dependent mechanism
, Journal of Hepatology 39(1): 55-61 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning reduces Na(+) accumulation and cell killing in isolated rat hepatocytes exposed to hypoxia
, Hepatology 31(1): 166-172 (2000)

Ischemic preconditioning reduces infarct volume after subdural hematoma in the rat
, Brain Research 930(1-2): 200-205 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning reduces neutrophil accumulation and myocardial apoptosis
, Annals of Thoracic Surgery 67(6): 1689-1695 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning reduces peripheral oxidative damage associated with brain ischemia in rats
, Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 32(10): 1295-1302 (1999)

Ischemic preconditioning reduces the severity of ischemia/reperfusion-induced pancreatitis
, European Journal of Pharmacology 473(2-3): 207-216 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning reduces unloaded myocardial oxygen consumption in an in-vivo sheep model
, Cardiovascular Research 55(3): 633-641 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning suppresses ventricular tachyarrhythmias after myocardial revascularization
, Circulation 106(24): 3091-3096 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning translocates PKC-delta and -epsilon, which mediate functional protection in isolated rat heart
, American Journal of Physiology 275(6): H2266-H2271 (1998)

Ischemic preconditioning upregulates vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA expression and neovascularization via nuclear translocation of protein kinase C epsilon in the rat ischemic myocardium
, Circulation Research 88(7): 696-704 (2001)

Ischemic preconditioning versus intermittent reperfusion to improve blood flow to a vascular isolated skeletal muscle flap of rats
, Journal of Trauma 45(5): 953-959 (1998)

Ischemic preconditioning, the most effective gastroprotective intervention: Involvement of prostaglandins, nitric oxide, adenosine and sensory nerves
, European Journal of Pharmacology 427(3): 263-276 (2001)

Ischemic preconditioning: a defense mechanism against the reactive oxygen species generated after hepatic ischemia reperfusion
, Transplantation 73(8): 1203-1211 (2002)

Ischemic preconditioning: a potential role for constitutive low molecular weight stress protein translocation and phosphorylation?
, Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 32(6): 961-971 (2000)

Ischemic preconditioning: infarct size is a more reliable endpoint than functional recovery
, Basic Research in Cardiology 98(5): 337-346 (2003)

Ischemic preconditioning: Lack of delayed protection against skeletal muscle ischemia-reperfusion
, Microsurgery 20(7): 350-355 (2000)

Ischemic preconditioning: Present situation and future prospects
, Zhongguo Yaolixue Yu Dulixue Zazhi 14(1): 1-7 (2000)

Ischemic preconditioning: The evaluation of intermittent harmonic myocardial contrast echocardiography and the dynamic characteristics of myocardial perfusion
, Zhongguo Chaosheng Yixue Zazhi 15(5): 325-328 (1999)

Ischemic protection and myofibrillar cardiomyopathy: dose-dependent effects of in vivo deltaPKC inhibition
, Circulation Research 91(8): 741-748 (2002)

Ischemic renal disease in Kuwait
, Angiology 53(1): 83-88 (2002)

Ischemic reperfusion brain injury in fetal transgenic mice with elevated levels of copper-zinc superoxide dismutase
, Journal of Perinatal Medicine 30(2): 158-165 (2002)

Ischemic resistance of cutaneous afferents and motor axons in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
, Muscle and Nerve 21(12): 1692-1700 (1998)

Ischemic shortening of action potential duration as a result of KATP channel opening attenuates myocardial stunning by reducing calcium influx
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 236(1-2): 53-61 (2002)

Ischemic stroke and active migraine
, Neurology 57(10): 1805-1811 (2001)

Ischemic stroke and migraine in childhood: coincidence or causal relation?
, Journal of Child Neurology 14(7): 451-455 (1999)

Ischemic stroke in Korean young adults
, Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 101(1): 19-24 (2000)

Ischemic stroke in a teenage girl with primary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome
, Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 99(1): 62-65 (2000)

Ischemic stroke in a user of thermadrene: a case study in alternative medicine
, Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 72(3): 343-346 (2002)

Ischemic stroke in elderly patients treated with a free radical scavenger-glycolytic intermediate solution: a preliminary pilot trial
, Neurological Research 24(1): 73-80 (2002)

Ischemic stroke in patients aged 85 years and over
, Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova (Suppl 5): 17-21 (2002)

Ischemic stroke of unusual cause: Clinical features, etiology and outcome
, European Journal of Neurology 8(2): 133-139 (2001)

Ischemic stroke outcome: racial differences in the trial of danaparoid in acute stroke (TOAST)
, Neurology 57(4): 691-697 (2001)

Ischemic stroke prevention: an update on antiplatelet therapy
, Neurological Research 24(4): 381-388 (2002)

Ischemic stroke risk with oral contraceptives: A meta-analysis
, JAMA 284(1): 72-78 (2000)

Ischemic stroke subtypes : a population-based study of functional outcome, survival, and recurrence
, Stroke 31(5): 1062-1068 (2000)

Ischemic stroke subtypes: A population-based study of incidence and risk factors
, Stroke 30(12): 2513-2516 (1999)

Ischemic stroke subtypes: risk factors, functional outcome and recurrence
, Neurological Sciences: Official Journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology 22(6): 449-454 (2002)

Ischemic stroke: effects of etiology and patient age on the time course of the core apparent diffusion coefficient
, Radiology 221(1): 27-34 (2001)

Ischemic stroke. Impact of a recent myocardial infarction
, Stroke 30(5): 997-1001 (1999)

Ischemic strokes are more severe in Poland than in the United States
, Neurology 54(2): 513-515 (2000)

Ischemic threshold during cold blood cardioplegic arrest: monitoring with tissue pH and pO2
, Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 39(5): 593-597 (1998)

Ischemic tolerance affects the adenylation state of GluR2 mRNA
, Neuroreport 11(14): 3279-3282 (2000)

Ischemic tolerance and endogenous neuroprotection
, Trends in Neurosciences 26(5): 248-254 (2003)

Ischemic tolerance conferred to cultured rat neurons by heat shock is not mediated by opening of adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels
, Neuroscience Letters 287(3): 223-226 (2000)

Ischemic tolerance in murine cortical cell culture: critical role for NMDA receptors
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 19(5): 1657-1662 (1999)

Ischemic tolerance in the rat neocortex following hypothermic preconditioning
, Journal of Neurosurgery 93(5): 845-851 (2000)