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Lack of effect of small high-dose volumes on the dose-response relationship for the development of fibrosis in distant parts of the ipsilateral lung in mini-pigs

Lack of effect of small high-dose volumes on the dose-response relationship for the development of fibrosis in distant parts of the ipsilateral lung in mini-pigs

International Journal of Radiation Biology 76(4): 477-485

Purpose: Multi-field radiation therapy for intrathoracic tumours results in a heterogeneous dose distribution in lung tissue. This study investigated whether irradiation of small lung volumes with high fibrogenic doses affects the dose-response relationship for development of fibrosis in distant parts of the ipsilateral lung of mini-pigs. Materials and methods: The whole right lung of 26 'Mini-Lewe' pigs was irradiated with homogeneous doses of between 25 Gy and 40 Gy given in five equal fractions using opposing anterior-posterior portals and a linear accelerator. Another 32 animals were irradiated with a constant dose of 35 Gy to a small house-shaped high-dose field (base 3.0 cm, height 4 cm) located 3 cm caudolateral to the right hilus, while the surrounding right lung received either no irradiation or homogeneous doses of between 20 Gy and 30 Gy. The radiation fields were simulated and port films were obtained for each of the 10 fields in all pigs. Fibrosis was quantified 9 months after irradiation by determination of the hydroxyproline (HP) content of the 32 high-dose volumes and in the lung apex and the basolateral lung of all 58 pigs. Based on the reference value for the HP-ratio, i.e. the HP-concentration of the right lung over the left lung, obtained in 12 unirradiated control animals, the experimental results were converted into quantal data for probit analysis, a responder being an animal with an HP-ratio > 1.33. Results: A dose-response relationship for the HP-ratio was obtained in the different lung sites and irradiation groups. For a given dose level the mean HP-ratios and response rates did not differ systematically between the lung apex and the basolateral lung. Probit analysis of the pooled data produced ED50 values of 21.8 Gy (95% CI 12-37) for irradiation without a high-dose volume and 25.9 Gy (24-28) for irradiation with a high-dose volume. These values are not significantly different. The results from both irradiation groups could be well fitted by a common dose-response curve with an ED50 value of 26.1 Gy. Unexpectedly, the response rates in the high-dose volume increased with increasing dose to the surrounding right lung. Analysis of the port films provided an explanation for this finding: inaccuracies in daily field positioning. When this error was corrected for by use of the mean dose to the high-dose volume, a dose-response curve with an ED50 of 25.2 Gy (22-29) was determined for the high-dose volume. Conclusions: The results of the study indicate that the irradiation of a small lung volume with high fibrogenic doses does not affect the dose-response relationship for development of fibrosis in distant parts of the ipsilateral lung.

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Accession: 010906680

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PMID: 10815627

DOI: 10.1080/095530000138475

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