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Liquid chromatographic analysis of all-trans-retinyl palmitate, beta-carotene, and vitamin E in fortified foods and the extraction of encapsulated and nonencapsulated retinyl palmitate

Liquid chromatographic analysis of all-trans-retinyl palmitate, beta-carotene, and vitamin E in fortified foods and the extraction of encapsulated and nonencapsulated retinyl palmitate

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 48(9): 4003-4008

A liquid chromatographic method is described for the analysis of natural vitamin E homologues, all-rac-alpha-tocopheryl acetate, retinyl palmitate (encapsulated and nonencapsulated), and beta-carotene in various fortified foods. The vitamins are extracted in 2-propanol and hexane without saponification and quantitated by normal phase chromatography with fluorescence and visible detection. The sample components were identified using an on-line three-dimensional photodiode array detector, which permitted profiling of the 190-800 nm absorption spectrum of any chromatographic peak. The method showed linearity for the analytes in their respective calibration ranges. The percent recoveries for retinyl palmitate using starch- and gelatin-encapsulated standards were 101.0 +/- 1.0 and 100.1 +/- 0.9, respectively. The method measures six or more analytes in a single injection and differentiates between natural and synthetic forms of vitamin E.

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Accession: 010927704

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PMID: 10995304

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