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Localization and regulation of bovine eye calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase



Localization and regulation of bovine eye calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase



International Journal of Molecular Medicine 10(1): 17-23



Calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase is one of the key enzymes involved in the complex interactions, which occur between the cyclic nucleotide and Ca2+ second-messenger systems. In eye, cAMP regulation is important in a variety of physiological processes such as aqueous humor regulation, photoreceptor signal transduction and retinal blood flow. Bovine eye calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase was purified to apparent homogeneity and the isolated enzyme had a significantly higher affinity for calmodulin and Ca2+. Immunohistology revealed calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phospho-diesterase expression in corneal epithelium, retina and optic nerve of the eye. The cAMP-dependent protein kinase was found to catalyze the phosphorylation of bovine eye calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase and the following observations were made. Firstly, the phosphorylation resulted in the incorporation of 1 mol of phosphate per mol of subunit, resulting in higher calmodulin and Ca2+ concentration requirement for calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase activation. Secondly, Ca2+ and calmodulin prevented the phosphorylation. Thirdly, the phosphorylation of calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase could be reversed by the calmodulin-dependent phosphatase, calcineurin. Analysis of the complex regulatory properties of the calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase in the eye has led to the suggestion that fluxes of cAMP and Ca2+ during cell activation are closely coupled and that calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase plays a key role in this signal coupling phenomenon.

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Accession: 010930991

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12060846

DOI: 10.3892/ijmm.10.1.17


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