Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein is required for macrophage-mediated oxidation of low density lipoprotein by 12/15-lipoxygenase
Xu, W.; Takahashi, Y.; Sakashita, T.; Iwasaki, T.; Hattori, H.; Yoshimoto, T.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(39): 36454-36459
ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258 PMID: 11479307 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m105093200
The oxidative modification of low density lipoprotein (LDL) has been implicated in the early stage of atherosclerosis through multiple potential pathways, and 12/15-lipoxygenase is suggested to be involved in this oxidation process. We demonstrated previously that the 12/15-lipoxygenase overexpressed in mouse macrophage-like J774A.1 cells was required for the cell-mediated LDL oxidation. However, the mechanism of the oxidation of extracellular LDL by the intracellular 12/15-lipoxygenase has not yet been elucidated. In the present study, we found that not only the LDL receptor but also LDL receptor-related protein (LRP), both of which are cell surface native LDL-binding receptors, were down-regulated by the preincubation of the cells with cholesterol or LDL and up-regulated by lipoprotein-deficient serum. Moreover, 12/15-lipoxygenase-expressing cell-mediated LDL oxidation was decreased by the preincubation of the cells with LDL or cholesterol and increased by the preincubation with lipoprotein-deficient serum. Heparin-binding protein 44, an antagonist of the LDL receptor family, also suppressed the cell-mediated LDL oxidation in a dose-dependent manner. The cell-mediated LDL oxidation was dose-dependently blocked by an anti-LRP antibody but not by an anti-LDL receptor antibody. Furthermore, antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotides against LRP reduced the cell-mediated LDL oxidation under the conditions in which the expression of LRP was decreased. The results taken together indicate that LRP was involved essentially for the cell-mediated LDL oxidation by 12/15-lipoxygenase expressed in J774A.1 cells, suggesting an important pathophysiological role of this receptor-enzyme system as the initial trigger of the progression of atherosclerosis.