Metabolism of styrene in the human liver in vitro: interindividual variation and enantioselectivity

Wenker, M.A.; Kezić, S.; Monster, A.C.; De Wolff, F.A.

Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems 31(2): 61-72


ISSN/ISBN: 0049-8254
PMID: 11407535
DOI: 10.1080/00498250010031638
Accession: 010976940

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1. The interindividual variation and enantioselectivity of the in vitro styrene oxidation by cytochrome P450 have been investigated in 20 human microsomal liver samples. Liver samples were genotyped for the CYP2E1*6 and CYP2E1*5B alleles. 2. Kinetic analysis indicated the presence of at least two forms of styrene-metabolizing cytochrome P450. The enzyme constants for the high-affinity component were subject to appreciable interindividual variation, i.e. Vmax1 ranged from 0.39 to 3.20 nmol mg protein(-1) min(-1) (0.96+/-0.63) and Km1 ranged from 0.005 to 0.03 mM (0.011+/-0.006). Inhibition studies with chemical inhibitors of CYP2E1, CYP1A2, CYP2C8/9 and CYP3A4 demonstrated that CYP2E1 was the primary enzyme involved in the high-affinity component of styrene oxidation. No relationship between the interindividual variation in Vmax1 and Km1 and the genetic polymorphisms of the CYP2E1 gene was found. 3. Cytochrome P450-mediated oxidation of styrene demonstrated a moderate enantioselectivity, with an enantiomeric excess (ee) of (S)-styrene oxide of 15% (range 4-27%) at low styrene concentration and an ee of (R)-styrene oxide of 7% (range -11 to +22%) at high styrene concentration. This points towards the involvement of at least two cytochrome P450, with different enantioselectivities. 4. The data indicate that cytochrome P450-mediated styrene oxidation is subject to considerable interindividual variation, but only to a moderate product enantioselectivity.