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Modeling of orthokinetic flocculation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Modeling of orthokinetic flocculation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Biophysical Chemistry 94(1-2): 47-58

ISSN/ISBN: 0301-4622

PMID: 11744190

DOI: 10.1016/s0301-4622(01)00236-8

This study examined the flocculation behavior of two Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains expressing either Flo1 (LCC1209) genotype or NewFlo (LCC125) phenotype in a laminar flow field by measurement of the fundamental flocculation parameter, the orthokinetic capture coefficient. This orthokinetic capture coefficient was measured as a function of shear rate (5.95-223 s(-1)) and temperature (5-45 degrees C). The capture coefficients of these suspensions were directly proportional to the inverse of shear rate, and exhibited an increase as the temperature was increased to 45 degrees C. The capture coefficient of pronase-treated cells was also measured over similar shear rate and temperature range. A theory, which predicts capture coefficient values due to zymolectin interactions, was simplified from that developed by Long et al. [Biophys. J. 76: (1999) 1112]. This new modified theory uses estimates of: (1) cell wall densities of zymolectins and carbohydrate ligands; (2) cell wall collision contact area; and (3) the forward rate coefficient of binding to predict theoretical capture coefficients. A second model that involves both zymolectin interactions and DLVO forces was used to describe the phenomenon of yeast flocculation at intermediate shear ranges, to explain yeast flocculation in laminar flow.

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Accession: 010994338

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