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Molecular analysis of vanA enterococci isolated from humans and animals in northeastern Italy



Molecular analysis of vanA enterococci isolated from humans and animals in northeastern Italy



Microbial Drug Resistance 7(3): 247-256



A total of 53 vancomycin-resistant vanA-positive enterococci isolates from poultry farms (17 Enterococcus faecium; 8 Enterococcus durans) and from different hospitals (23 E. faecium; 5 Enterococcus faecalis) in northeastern Italy were compared on the basis of their antibiotic susceptibilities, their SmaI pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns, and the organization of their Tn1546-related elements. Ampicillin resistance was similar in both groups of isolates (52 and 60.7%, respectively), whereas human strains were more resistant to high-level gentamicin and streptomycin. A total of 52% of animal strains and 60% of human strains were resistant to tetracycline, and 56% and 46.4% to quinupristin/dalfopristin, respectively. In E. faecium and E. durans animal isolates, nine and six distinct PFGE patterns, respectively, were found: in two instances indistinguishable isolates were found from different farms. In E. faecium and E. faecalis human isolates, nine and six distinct PFGE patterns, respectively, were found; among E. faecium strains, 12 were identical or closely related and were isolates from the same hospital. Elements mediating vanA-glycopeptide resistance were characterized by PCR with primers that amplified 10 overlapping fragments of Tn1546. A total of 84.6% of animal strains and 64.2% of human strains contained elements indistinguishable from the prototype Tn1546. In addition, nine different types were identified, but none was common to animal and human strains.

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Accession: 011001653

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PMID: 11759086

DOI: 10.1089/10766290152652792


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