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Molecular cloning of the arylsulfate sulfotransferase gene and characterization of its product from Enterobacter amnigenus AR-37


Molecular cloning of the arylsulfate sulfotransferase gene and characterization of its product from Enterobacter amnigenus AR-37



Protein Expression and Purification 17(3): 366-372



ISSN/ISBN: 1046-5928

PMID: 10600454

DOI: 10.1006/prep.1999.1129

The gene encoding the Enterobacter amnigenus AR-37 arylsulfate sulfotransferase (ASST) was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Escherichia coli NM522. Sequencing led to the identification of three contiguous open reading frames (ORFs) on the same strand. Based on amino acid sequence homology, ORF1, ORF2, and ORF3 are designated astA, dsbA, and dsbB, respectively. A multiple sequence alignment revealed conserved regions in ASST. An N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis of the purified ASST from E. coli NM522 (pEAST72) showed that it is subject to N-terminal processing. The specific activity of purified ASST is 436.5 U/mg of protein. The enzyme is a monomeric protein with a molecular mass of 64 kDa. Using phenol as an acceptor substrate, 4-methylumbelliferyl sulfate is the best donor substrate, followed by beta-naphthyl sulfate, p-nitrophenyl sulfate (PNS), and alpha-naphthyl sulfate. For PNS, alpha-naphthol is the best acceptor substrate, followed by phenol, resorcinol, p-acetaminophen, tyramine, and tyrosine. The enzyme has a different acceptor specificity than the enzyme purified from Eubacterium A-44. It is similar to Klebsiella K-36 and Haemophilus K-12. The apparent K(m) values for PNS using phenol as an acceptor and for phenol using PNS as a donor are 0.163 and 0.314 mM, respectively. The pI and optimum pH are 6.1 and 9.0, respectively.

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Accession: 011005807

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