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Morphometric analysis of the myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein-deficient mouse reveals a possible role for myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein in regulating axonal diameter



Morphometric analysis of the myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein-deficient mouse reveals a possible role for myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein in regulating axonal diameter



Neuroscience 98(2): 361-367, 8 June



Myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein is a member of the proteins constituting the central nervous system myelin. By morphometric analysis, we demonstrated that axons of myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein-deficient mice had larger diameters and more myelin lamellae as compared to those of wild-type mice at the same age. It is known that the number of myelin lamellae increases linearly with axonal diameter, and that the rate of radial axonal growth is the factor controlling the rate of myelin formation. In line with these observations, we found that the regression line for axonal diameter and the number of myelin lamellae in myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein-deficient mice appeared to be identical to that in wild-type mice, indicating that the increase in the number of myelin lamellae was the result of the increase in axonal diameter. Furthermore, we generated myelin basic protein/myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein-double-deficient mice through mating myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein-deficient mice with shiverer mice, an autosomal recessive mutant characterized by a lack of all isoforms of myelin basic protein. With these knock-out mice, we showed that axons of the double-deficient mice had larger diameters and smaller form factor, an index of the deformation of the fiber contour, in ensheathed fibers than those of shiverer mice, although there was no difference in axonal diameter of unmyelinated fibers between them. Taken together, myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein seemed to play a role in controlling axonal diameter and in keeping axons round.

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Accession: 011018093

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PMID: 10854769

DOI: 10.1016/s0306-4522(00)00111-1


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