Multisite RNA binding and release of polypyrimidine tract binding protein during the regulation of c-src neural-specific splicing

Chou, M.Y.; Underwood, J.G.; Nikolic, J.; Luu, M.H.; Black, D.L.

Molecular Cell 5(6): 949-957


ISSN/ISBN: 1097-2765
PMID: 10911989
DOI: 10.1016/s1097-2765(00)80260-9
Accession: 011026269

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We studied the role of polypyrimidine tract binding protein in repressing splicing of the c-src neuron-specific N1 exon. Immunodepletion/add-back experiments demonstrate that PTB is essential for splicing repression in HeLa extract. When splicing is repressed, PTB cross-links to intronic CUCUCU elements flanking the N1 exon. Mutation of the downstream CU elements causes dissociation of PTB from the intact upstream CU elements and allows splicing. Thus, PTB molecules bound to multiple elements cooperate to repress splicing. Interestingly, in neuronal WERI-1 cell extract where N1 is spliced, PTB also binds to the upstream CU elements but is dissociated in the presence of ATP. We conclude that splicing repression by PTB is modulated in different cells by a combination of cooperative binding and ATP-dependent dissociation.