Mutation of the fourth cytoplasmic loop of rhodopsin affects binding of transducin and peptides derived from the carboxyl-terminal sequences of transducin alpha and gamma subunits

Ernst, O.P.; Meyer, C.K.; Marin, E.P.; Henklein, P.; Fu, W.Y.; Sakmar, T.P.; Hofmann, K.P.

Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(3): 1937-1943

2000


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258
PMID: 10636895
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.275.3.1937
Accession: 011029390

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Abstract
The role of the putative fourth cytoplasmic loop of rhodopsin in the binding and catalytic activation of the heterotrimeric G protein, transducin (G(t)), is not well defined. We developed a novel assay to measure the ability of G(t), or G(t)-derived peptides, to inhibit the photoregeneration of rhodopsin from its active metarhodopsin II state. We show that a peptide corresponding to residues 340-350 of the alpha subunit of G(t), or a cysteinyl-thioetherfarnesyl peptide corresponding to residues 50-71 of the gamma subunit of G(t), are able to interact with metarhodopsin II and inhibit its photoconversion to rhodopsin. Alteration of the amino acid sequence of either peptide, or removal of the farnesyl group from the gamma-derived peptide, prevents inhibition. Mutation of the amino-terminal region of the fourth cytoplasmic loop of rhodopsin affects interaction with G(t) (Marin, E. P., Krishna, A. G., Zvyaga T. A., Isele, J., Siebert, F., and Sakmar, T. P. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 1930-1936). Here, we provide evidence that this segment of rhodopsin interacts with the carboxyl-terminal peptide of the alpha subunit of G(t). We propose that the amino-terminal region of the fourth cytoplasmic loop of rhodopsin is part of the binding site for the carboxyl terminus of the alpha subunit of G(t) and plays a role in the regulation of betagamma subunit binding.