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Nicotine attenuates stress-induced changes in plasma amino acid concentrations and locomotor activity in rats



Nicotine attenuates stress-induced changes in plasma amino acid concentrations and locomotor activity in rats



Brain Research Bulletin 51(1): 83-88



It is known that stressor stimuli (both systemic and processive) and nicotine activate central nervous system. Surprisingly, numerous studies have demonstrated an increase in nicotine self-administration among smokers when exposed to stress in order to reduce the stress-related tension. Therefore, in the present study, we decided to investigate the influence of nicotine on both behavioral (i.e., on locomotor activity) and metabolic (i.e., on the level of amino acids in the plasma) changes following water immersion restraint stress in rats. As expected, the stress produced evident decline in locomotor activity of the rats (p < 0.001) and in the levels of all plasma amino acids studied (p < 0.05). Nicotine alone also significantly reduced locomotor activity (p < 0.05) and the levels of some plasma amino acids. However, when administered to rats subjected to water immersion and restraint, nicotine attenuated both stress-induced decrease in locomotor activity (p < 0.05) and in some plasma amino acids. Thus, this study demonstrated that the mode of action of nicotine is strongly dependent on the level of initial brain activity, which provide new evidence for arousal-modulation model of nicotine action.

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Accession: 011058468

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10654585

DOI: 10.1016/s0361-9230(99)00207-5


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