Nitro musks, nitro musk amino metabolites and polycyclic musks in sewage sludges. Quantitative determination by HRGC-ion-trap-MS/MS and mass spectral characterization of the amino metabolites

Herren, D.; Berset, J.D.

Chemosphere 40(5): 565-574


ISSN/ISBN: 0045-6535
PMID: 10665395
DOI: 10.1016/s0045-6535(99)00325-2
Accession: 011061294

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Nitro- and polycyclic musks were quantified in sewage sludge samples from different catchment areas using high-resolution gas chromatography (HRGC) and ion-trap MS/MS. Collision induced dissociation (CID) turned out to be a useful tool for quantification of the analytes. Negative chemical ionization (NCI) quadrupole MS in the selected ion mode (SIM) showed similar sensitivities compared to ion trap MS/MS. Among the nitro musks, musk ketone (MK) and musk xylene (MX) were the main compounds in predominantly domestic sewage sludges, found at low microgram/kg dry matter (d.m.) whereas polycyclic musks were present in domestic as well as in industrial sludges up to 12 mg/kg d.m. Galaxolide (HHCB) and Tonalide (AHTN) were the major polycyclic musks found in the sludges. Amino metabolites of the nitro musks, amino musk xylene (AMA), amino musk moskene (AMM) and amino musk ketone (AMK) were detected for the first time in sewage sludges, and reached partly higher concentrations compared to the parent compounds.