Section 12
Chapter 11,067

Nonenzymatic browning reaction of essential amino acids: Effect of pH on caramelization and Maillard reaction kinetics

Ajandouz, E.H.; Puigserver, A.

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 47(5): 1786-1793


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-8561
PMID: 10552453
DOI: 10.1021/jf980928z
Accession: 011066367

The interaction between glucose and essential amino acids at 100 degrees C at pH values ranging from 4.0 to 12.0 was investigated by monitoring the disappearance of glucose and amino acids as well as the appearance of brown color. Lysine was the most strongly destroyed amino acid, followed by threonine which induced very little additional browning as compared with that undergone by glucose. Around neutrality, the nonenzymatic browning followed pseudo-zero-order kinetics after a lag time, while the glucose and amino acid losses did not follow first-order kinetics at any of the pH values tested. Glucose was more strongly destroyed than all of the essential amino acids, the losses of which are really small at pH values lower than 9.0. However, glucose was less susceptible to thermal degradation in the presence of amino acids, especially at pH 8.0 with threonine and at pH 10.0 with lysine. The contribution of the caramelization reaction to the overall nonenzymatic browning above neutrality should lead to an overestimation of the Maillard reaction in foods.

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