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On modelling the impacts of phosphorus stripping at sewage works on in-stream phosphorus and macrophyte/epiphyte dynamics: a case study for the River Kennet



On modelling the impacts of phosphorus stripping at sewage works on in-stream phosphorus and macrophyte/epiphyte dynamics: a case study for the River Kennet



Science of the Total Environment 282-283: 395-415



A new model of in-stream phosphorus and macrophyte dynamics, 'The Kennet model', was applied to a reach of the River Kennet, southern England. The reach, which is 1.5 km long, is immediately downstream of Marlborough sewage treatment works, where phosphorus reduction by tertiary effluent treatment began in September 1997. The model is used to simulate the flow, water chemistry and macrophyte biomass within the reach, both before and after phosphorus removal from the effluent. Monte Carlo experiments coupled with a general sensitivity analysis indicate that the model offers a feasible explanation for the salient aspects of the system behaviour. Model simulations indicate that epiphyte smothering is an important limitation to macrophyte growth, and that higher stream and pore water soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) concentrations allow the earlier onset of growth for the epiphytes and macrophytes, respectively. Higher flow conditions are shown to reduce the simulated peak epiphyte biomass; though at present, the effect of flow on the macrophyte biomass is unclear. Another simulation result suggests that phosphorus will not be released from the bed sediments in this reach following phosphorus removal from the effluent.

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Accession: 011086283

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11846081

DOI: 10.1016/s0048-9697(01)00926-3


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