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Overexpression of the 3'-untranslated region of myelin proteolipid protein mRNA leads to reduced expression of endogenous proteolipid mRNA

Overexpression of the 3'-untranslated region of myelin proteolipid protein mRNA leads to reduced expression of endogenous proteolipid mRNA

Neurochemical Research 27(11): 1349-1360

The current studies focus on what mechanisms regulate the concentration of PLP mRNA in cells. The PLP mRNA is very stable and these studies suggest that its stability is regulated by a trans-acting factor specific to oligodendrocytes. In order to test whether the 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) of the PLP mRNA might regulate PLP RNA stability. C6 cells were transfected with cDNAs that expressed either luciferase or luciferase fused to the 3'UTR of PLP. Although transgene expression was low, in cells transfected with the PLP 3'UTR, there was a significant decrease in the endogenous PLP mRNA. These cells showed a distinct change in morphology and in adhesion properties. Thus, there may be a role for plp gene products in cell adhesion, which was downregulated in these cells, or an unknown function may be encoded by the PLP 3'UTR. Transgenic mice that overexpress enhanced green fluorescent protein fused to the PLP 3'UTR under control of PLP regulatory sequences were tested for the expression of the endogenous PLP mRNA. Three of four lines of transgenic mice had decreased endogenous PLP mRNA, relative to their non-transgenic littermates; the EGFP-PLP 3'UTR mouse line that expressed the highest level of transgene mRNA had a 54% reduction in PLP mRNA. We hypothesize that the PLP mRNA is regulated by elements in the 3'UTR and stabilizing proteins specific to oligodendrocytes, and that in cells that overexpress the PLP 3'UTR, these stabilizing proteins may be insufficient to maintain the normal level of the endogenous PLP mRNA.

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Accession: 011105115

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DOI: 10.1023/a:1021623700009

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