Pancreatic tumour marker anti-mucin antibody CAM 17.1 reacts with a sialyl blood group antigen, probably I, which is expressed throughout the human gastrointestinal tract
Eccleston, D.W.; Milton, J.D.; Hoffman, J.; Bara, J.; Rhodes, J.M.
Digestion 59(6): 665-670
CAM 17.1 is an antimucin monoclonal antibody which has recently been proven valuable as a reagent for serological diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. A series of studies have been performed to characterise its epitope. First it was screened immunohistochemically against a wide range of formalin-fixed normal and neoplastic human tissues and showed widespread binding to mucin throughout the gastro-intestinal tract, in both normal and malignant tissues. In pancreas, strong intracellular staining of acinar and ductal cells was found in normal tissue and in carcinoma cells in tumours. Normal stomach showed only weak staining (n = 6), but gastritis with metaplasia showed strong staining (n = 4). Staining of colonic mucosa from patients of known Lewis phenotype showed Le(a+b-) (7/8) and Le(a-b+) (4/6) samples to be positive, but not Le(a-b-) (0/3) samples. CAM 17. 1 agglutinated all donor erythrocytes tested at 4 degreesC regardless of blood group, whereas cord blood red cells were not agglutinated. Since I antigen is the only antigen known to be present on all adult red blood cells but absent from cord blood, this suggests probable involvement of this antigen in the binding site. The agglutination was abolished by sialidase treatment of the red cells and immunoblotting with slot-blotted mucin showed that binding was both acid and sialidase sensitive indicating the involvement of sialic acid in the binding site. These studies show that CAM 17.1 binds to a sialic-acid-containing determinant of mucin, probably sialyl-I, which epitope shows wide distribution throughout the gastro-intestinal tract.