Parathyroid hormone regulates the expression of fibroblast growth factor-2 mRNA and fibroblast growth factor receptor mRNA in osteoblastic cells
Hurley, M.M.; Tetradis, S.; Huang, Y.F.; Hock, J.; Kream, B.E.; Raisz, L.G.; Sabbieti, M.G.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 14(5): 776-783
We examined the effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on basic fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and FGF receptor (FGFR) expression in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells and in neonatal mouse calvariae. Treatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with PTH(1-34) (10-8M) or forskolin (FSK; 10-5M) transiently increased a 7 kb FGF-2 transcript with a peak at 2 h. The PTH increase in FGF-2 mRNA was maintained in the presence of cycloheximide. PTH also increased FGFR-1 mRNA at 2 h and transiently increased FGFR-2 mRNA at 1 h. FGFR-3 and FGFR-4 mRNA transcripts were not detected in MC3T3-E1 cells. In cells transiently transfected with an 1800-bp FGF-2 promoter-luciferase reporter, PTH and FSK increased luciferase activity at 2 h and 4 h. Immunohistochemistry showed that PTH and FSK increased FGF-2 protein labeling in the nuclei of MC3T3-E1 cells. PTH also increased FGF-2 mRNA, and FGFR-1 and FGFR-2 mRNA levels within 30 minutes in neonatal mouse calvarial organ cultures. We conclude that PTH and cAMP stimulate FGF-2 mRNA abundance in part through a transcriptional mechanism. PTH also regulated FGFR gene expression. We hypothesize that some effects of PTH on bone remodeling may be mediated by regulation of FGF-2 and FGFR expression in osteoblastic cells.