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Postnatal morphodifferentiation of the subneural apparatuses of the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle in rats: a scanning electron microscopy study

Postnatal morphodifferentiation of the subneural apparatuses of the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle in rats: a scanning electron microscopy study

Archives of Histology and Cytology 63(3): 249-254

The subneural apparatus, i. e., the post-synaptic component of the neuromuscular junction, in the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle of the rat was studied by scanning electron microscopy, with special attention given to its postnatal differentiation along with the functional development of the muscle. Primitive synaptic troughs observed in the first postnatal week consisted of single cup-like depressions 5-6 microm in diameter. On the 7th day, low sarcoplasmic ridges appeared in the trough. In the second postnatal week, muscle fibers could be classified into two groups: large (10-15 microm in diameter) and small (less than 10 microm in diameter). In the large muscle fibers, many low ridges became circular and protruded to transform the single trough into numerous cup-like depressions (2-5 microm in diameter). In contrast, the subneural apparatus in the small muscle fibers consisted of a small number of cup-like depressions. The two types of subneural apparatus differentiated into adult forms by the 28th postnatal day, although they remained smaller in size than those of adults. In the large muscle fibers, the number of pit-like or elongated invaginations increased and gradually transformed into slit-like junctional folds by the 28th postnatal day, while the small muscle fibers still possessed a few pit-like or elongated junctional folds at this point in time. The two types of morphodifferentiation of the subneural apparatus are thought to reflect the two types of muscle fibers in the rat posterior cricoarytenoid muscle.

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Accession: 011174529

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PMID: 10989936

DOI: 10.1679/aohc.63.249

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