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Pouch reconstruction after total gastrectomy

Pouch reconstruction after total gastrectomy

Zeitschrift fuer Gastroenterologie 37(4): 287-291, April

Up to now there is no general agreement on the ideal reconstruction after total gastrectomy. The importance of the duodenal passage, the need for a pouch reconstruction, and the ideal pouch volume are matters of controversy. Prospective randomized trials show a significantly better quality of life, a higher body weight and a better glucose regulation in patients with a curative operation and good life expectancy, if the duodenal passage is preserved. Reconstruction with a small jejunal pouch offers a better reservoir, less reflux and a better nutritional passage, but a statistically significant improvement of life quality could not be demonstrated up to now. Nevertheless, patients with a curative resection should undergo pouch reconstruction with preservation of the duodenal passage. If curative resection is not possible, reconstruction can be performed according to Hunt-Lawrence-Rodino. The Roux-en-Y-reconstruction without pouch should only be performed in high-risk patients and in carcinoma of the cardia with intrathoracic anastomosis. Nevertheless, further prospective randomized studies with more patients and more specific tests to measure life quality are necessary to evaluate the importance of a jejunal pouch in patients with a preserved duodenal passage.

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Accession: 011178146

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