+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Predictors of seat-belt use among school-aged children in two low-income Hispanic communities

Predictors of seat-belt use among school-aged children in two low-income Hispanic communities

American Journal of Preventive Medicine 22(2): 113-116

Objectives: To examine the prevalence of seat belt use among school-aged children in low-income Hispanic communities. Methods: We conducted unobtrusive observations of school-aged children (aged 5 to 12 years) traveling to and from nine elementary schools in two communities. We documented vehicle type, and belted status and seating position of children, driver, and other passengers. Results are presented as percentages with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: We observed 3651 children, of which restraint use could be determined for 2741. Overall, 29% of children were using seat belts. By seating location, 58% were in the front seat with 40% belted, and 42% were in the back seat with 14% belted. Children were most likely to be restrained when traveling in the front seat (40.0%, CI=37.6-42.5); traveling with a belted driver (42.4%, CI=40.0-44.8); or traveling without additional passengers (40.3%, CI=37.0-43.7). Conclusions: Seat belt use among children from this study population was below the national average and was alarmingly low among children in the back seat. While traveling, being belted in the back seat provides the most protection in a collision. Prevention efforts need to be based on an understanding of the barriers to restraint use for children traveling in the back seat.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 011184111

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11818181

DOI: 10.1016/s0749-3797(01)00412-3

Related references

Is the backseat best? Predictors of seat belt use among low income Latino school-aged children. Pediatrics 104(3 Part 3): 698, 1999

Booster seat or seat belt? Motor vehicle injuries and child restraint laws in preschool and early school-age children. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing 10(4): 183-190, 2005

Normative misperceptions of peer seat belt use among high school students and their relationship to personal seat belt use. Traffic Injury Prevention 15(7): 748-752, 2014

Analysis of teenage seat belt use: from the 2007 Missouri high school seat belt survey. Journal of Safety Research 40(4): 311-316, 2009

Parental predictors of HPV vaccine initiation among low-income Hispanic females aged 11-17 years. Vaccine 36(33): 5084-5090, 2018

Traumatic duodenal lesions in children due to two-point seat-belt: the seat-belt syndrome. Minerva Pediatrica 64(1): 47-53, 2012

Management of seat-belt syndrome in children. Gravity of 2-point seat-belt. European Journal of Pediatric Surgery 12(1): 63-66, 2002

Prevalence of seat belt use among reproductive-aged women and prenatal counseling to wear seat belts. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 192(2): 580-585, 2005

Are seat belt restraints as effective in school age children as in adults? A prospective crash study. BMJ 324(7346): 1123-1123, 2002

Factors associated with rear seating of children in motor vehicles: a study in two low-income, predominantly Hispanic communities. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 36(4): 621-626, 2004

Predicting vaccination status of pre-school-aged Hispanic children from the status of their older siblings at the time of school entry. Abstracts of the Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy 34: 220, 1994

Seat belt use among Hispanic ethnic subgroups of national origin. Injury Prevention 12(6): 421-426, 2006

Seat belt repositioning and use of vehicle seat cushions is increased among older drivers aged 75 years and older with morbidities. Australasian Journal on Ageing 36(1): 26-31, 2017

Effects of vehicle seat and belt geometry on belt fit for children with and without belt positioning booster seats. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 50: 512-522, 2013

Seat belt use among American Indians/Alaska Natives and non-Hispanic whites. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 33(3): 200-206, 2007