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Gaucher's disease;thirty-two years experience at Siriraj Hospital
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Prior aspirin use in unstable angina predisposes to higher risk: The aspirin paradox


Prior aspirin use in unstable angina predisposes to higher risk: The aspirin paradox



International Journal of Cardiology 80(2-3): 201-207



ISSN/ISBN: 0167-5273

PMID: 11578715

DOI: 10.1016/s0167-5273(01)00495-8

Background: Aspirin is the most widely prescribed agent used in prevention of coronary thrombosis. Thus, many patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes have a history of aspirin usage. Methods: To assess response to medical therapy in patients taking aspirin prior to admission with an acute coronary syndrome, we reviewed outcomes data from the Efficacy and Safety of Subcutaneous Enoxaparin in Non-Q-wave Coronary Events (ESSENCE) and Platelet Receptor Inhibition in Ischemic Syndrome Management in Patients Limited by Unstable Signs and Symptoms (PRISM-PLUS) studies. Results: Patients with acute coronary syndromes who had taken aspirin prior to enrolment were less likely to have non-Q-wave myocardial infarction on admission (ESSENCE: 16.0% vs. 29.2%, p<0.001; PRISM-PLUS: 34.2% vs. 57.7%, p<0.001). However, prior aspirin users were more likely to be failed by standard medical therapy with unfractionated heparin than non-prior aspirin users (ESSENCE: 21.5% vs. 16.5%, p=0.017; PRISM-PLUS: 23.5% vs. 12.1%, p<0.001). Prior aspirin users received greater benefit from both enoxaparin (21.5% vs. 16.8%, p=0.009) and tirofiban with unfractionated heparin (23.5% vs. 16.0%, p=0.007) than from unfractionated heparin alone. Non-prior aspirin users presented with higher rates of non-Q-wave myocardial infarction. Conclusions: Prior aspirin users admitted with acute coronary syndromes may have a more benign presentation, but are more likely to be failed by medical therapy with unfractionated heparin and should be considered as a high-risk group. Enoxaparin or the combination of tirofiban and unfractionated heparin are both more effective than unfractionated heparin in this group.

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Accession: 011199729

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Related references

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