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Advantages and disadvantages of bordeaux mixture and of lime-sulphur used on apples in the growing season
Observations on the Umaria marine bed
10 years of hearing conservation in the Royal Air Force
Chocolate crumb - dairy ingredient for milk chocolate
Effect of daily gelatin ingestion on human scalp hair
Comparison of rice bran and maize bran as feeds for growing and fattening pigs
The composition of pampas-grass (Cortaderia argentea.)
The Accraian Series:
The mechanism of the Liebermann-Burchard reaction of sterols and triterpenes and their esters
Cerebrovascular Doppler ultrasound studies (cv-Doppler)
Toria: PT-303 - first national variety
Hair growth promoting activity of tridax procumbens
Productivity of Pekin x Khaki Campbell ducks
A stable cytosolic expression of VH antibody fragment directed against PVY NIa protein in transgenic potato plant confers partial protection against the virus
Solar treatment of wheat loose smut
Swimmers itch in the Lake of Garda
Bactofugation and the Bactotherm process
The effects of prefrontal lobotomy on aggressive behavior in dogs
Visual rating scales for screening whorl-stage corn for resistance to fall armyworm
Breakdown of seamounts at the trench axis, viewed from gravity anomaly
Kooken; pennsylvania's toughest cave
Recovery of new dinosaur and other fossils from the Early Cretaceous Arundel Clay facies (Potomac Group) of central Maryland, U.S.A
Zubor horny (Bison bonasus) v prirodnych podmienkach Slovensku
The extended Widal test in the diagnosis of fevers due to Salmonella infection
Hair of the american mastodon indicates an adaptation to a semi aquatic habitat

List of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag Chapter 11201

Chapter 11201 contains a list of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag.




Privatization and the scope of public health: a national survey of local health department directors
, American Journal of Public Health 91(4): 611-617 (2001)

Privatization of STD services in Tacoma, Washington: a quality review
, Sexually Transmitted Diseases 26(9): 537-542 (1999)

Privatization of veterinary services in developing countries: a review
, Tropical Animal Health and Production 35(3): 223-236 (2003)

Privileged access to action for objects relative to words
, Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 9(2): 348-355 (2002)

Privileged molecules for protein binding identified from NMR-based screening
, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 43(18): 3443-3447 (2000)

Pro PSA: a more cancer specific form of prostate specific antigen for the early detection of prostate cancer
, Keio Journal of Medicine 52(2): 86-91 (2003)

Pro and Con: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol lowering is and will be the key to the future of lipid management
, American Journal of Cardiology 87(5A): 8B (2001)

Pro and anti: the biotics of allergic disease
, Thorax 57(Suppl): Ii40-Ii46 (2002)

Pro and antioxidant responses to repeated administration of diazepam in rat brain
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 206(1-2): 97-103 (2000)

Pro and con: high-density lipoprotein, triglycerides, and other lipid subfractions are the future of lipid management
, American Journal of Cardiology 87(5a): 2B-7B (2001)

Pro and contra in the choice of external corticosteroid drugs for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in children. Therapeutic effiiciency of Locoid
, Vestnik Dermatologii i Venerologii 2: 41-43 (2000)

Pro islet amyloid polypeptide (ProIAPP) immunoreactivity in the islets of Langerhans
, Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences 105(2): 97-106 (2000)

Pro re nata medication for psychoses: An audit of practice in two metropolitan hospitals
, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 36(5): 649-656 (2002)

Pro re nata medication for psychoses: The knowledge and beliefs of doctors and nurses
, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 36(5): 642-648 (2002)

Pro- and anti-apoptotic effects of nitric oxide in irradiated keratinocytes: the role of superoxide
, Skin Pharmacology and Applied Skin Physiology 15(5): 348-352 (2002)

Pro- and anti-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family in skeletal muscle: a distinct role for Bcl-2 in later stages of myogenesis
, Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists 220(1): 18-26 (2001)

Pro- and anti-arrhythmic effects of a kappa opioid receptor agonist: a model for the biphasic action of a local hormone in the heart
, Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 26(10): 842-844 (1999)

Pro- and anti-inflammatory actions of ricinoleic acid: Similarities and differences with capsaicin
, Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 364(2): 87-95 (2001)

Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine balance in strenuous exercise in humans
, Journal of Physiology 515: 287-291 (1999)

Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine gene expression in rat sciatic nerve chronic constriction injury model of neuropathic pain
, Experimental Neurology 169(2): 386-391 (2001)

Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine patterns during and after cardiac surgery in young children
, European Journal of Pediatrics 158(5): 387-393 (1999)

Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines regulate insulin-like growth factor binding protein production by fetal rat lung fibroblasts
, American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 26(3): 283-289 (2002)

Pro- and anti-inflammatory forms of interleukin-1 in the tear fluid and conjunctiva of patients with dry-eye disease
, IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 42(10): 2283-2292 (2001)

Pro- and anti-inflammatory gene expression in the murine small intestine and liver after chronic exposure to alcohol
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 25(4): 579-589 (2001)

Pro- and antiatherogenic mechanisms in chronic renal impairement
, Likars'ka Sprava 1998(8): 18-23 (1998)

Pro- and anticoagulatory factors under sodium valproate-therapy in children
, Neuropediatrics 33(4): 215-220 (2002)

Pro- and antioxidative properties of cortical tissue preparations from human brain exhibiting NMDA-receptor characteristics
, Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. C Journal of Biosciences 54(5-6): 438-445 (1999)

Pro- and pre-biotics administration in preterm infants: Colonization and influence on faecal flora
, Acta Paediatrica . Supplement 91(441): 80-81 (2003)

Pro- and prebiotics in pig nutrition: Potential modulators of gut health?
, Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences 10(1): 47-56 (2001)

Pro- or antioxygenic activity of tejpat (Cinnamomum tamala) and red chilli (Capsicum annum) in sunflower oil
, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 79(12): 1733-1736 (1999)

Pro- versus anti-inflammatory cytokine profile in patients with severe sepsis: a marker for prognosis and future therapeutic options
, Journal of Infectious Diseases 181(1): 176-180 (2000)

Pro- versus anti-inflammatory cytokines: myth or reality
, Cellular and Molecular Biology 47(4): 695-702 (2001)

Pro-B-cell to pre-B-cell development in B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia expressing the MLL/AF4 fusion protein
, Blood 98(12): 3398-3405 (2001)

Pro-B-cell-specific transcription and proapoptotic function of protein kinase Ceta
, Molecular and Cellular Biology 19(8): 5608-5618 (1999)

Pro-EPIL forms are present in amniotic fluid and maternal serum during normal pregnancy
, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 84(6): 2253-2256 (1999)

Pro-Leu-glycinamide and its peptidomimetic, PAOPA, attenuate haloperidol induced vacuous chewing movements in rat: A model of human tardive dyskinesia
, Peptides 24(2): 313-319 (2003)

Pro-MMP-9 activation by the MT1-MMP/MMP-2 axis and MMP-3: Role of TIMP-2 and plasma membranes
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 308(2): 386-395 (2003)

Pro-adhesive and chemotactic activities of thrombospondin-1 for breast carcinoma cells are mediated by alpha3beta1 integrin and regulated by insulin-like growth factor-1 and CD98
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(16): 11408-11416 (1999)

Pro-angiogenic activities of CYR61 (CCN1) mediated through integrins alphavbeta3 and alpha6beta1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(48): 46248-46255 (2002)

Pro-apoptotic ASY/Nogo-B protein associates with ASYIP
, Journal of Cellular Physiology 196(2): 312-318 (2003)

Pro-apoptotic action of PAR-4 involves inhibition of NF-kappaB activity and suppression of BCL-2 expression
, Journal of Neuroscience Research 61(2): 134-139 (2000)

Pro-apoptotic actions of exisulind and CP461 in SW480 colon tumor cells involve beta-catenin and cyclin D1 down-regulation
, Biochemical Pharmacology 64(9): 1325-1336 (2002)

Pro-apoptotic activity of transiently expressed BCL-2 occurs independent of BAX and BAK
, Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 89(6): 1102-1114 (2003)

Pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic effects of transferrin and transferrin-derived glycans on hematopoietic cells and lymphocytes
, Experimental Hematology 29(4): 477-489 (2001)

Pro-apoptotic and immunomodulatory activity of a mycobacterial cell wall-DNA complex towards LNCaP prostate cancer cells
, Prostate 49(3): 155-165 (2001)

Pro-apoptotic cleavage products of Bcl-xL form cytochrome c-conducting pores in pure lipid membranes
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(33): 31083-31091 (2001)

Pro-apoptotic effect of fluvastatin on human smooth muscle cells
, European Journal of Pharmacology 370(2): 201-203 (1999)

Pro-apoptotic effect of high concentrations of histamine on human neutrophils
, International Immunopharmacology 3(10-11): 1491-1502 (2003)

Pro-apoptotic effect of presenilin 2 (PS2) overexpression is associated with down-regulation of Bcl-2 in cultured neurons
, Journal of Neurochemistry 79(6): 1161-1168 (2001)

Pro-apoptotic effect of the hepatitis B virus X gene
, Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy 52(9): 363-368 (1998)

Pro-apoptotic effects of tau mutations in chromosome 17 frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism
, Neuroreport 11(1): 57-60 (2000)

Pro-apoptotic function of HBV X protein is mediated by interaction with c-FLIP and enhancement of death-inducing signal
, Embo Journal 22(9): 2104-2116 (2003)

Pro-apoptotic function of calsenilin/DREAM/KChIP3
, FASEB Journal 15(3): 589-591 (2001)

Pro-apoptotic interactions between XK469 and the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor
, Cancer Letters 168(2): 141-144 (2001)

Pro-apoptotic role of NF-kappaB pathway inhibition in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated polymorphonuclear neutrophils
, Chinese Medical Journal 116(8): 1257-1261 (2003)

Pro-apoptotic signaling in neuronal cells following iron and amyloid beta peptide neurotoxicity
, Journal of Neurochemistry 86(1): 114-125 (2003)

Pro-apoptotic tumor necrosis factor-alpha transduction pathway in normal prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatic carcinoma
, Journal of Urology 170(3): 787-790 (2003)

Pro-atherogenic factors induce telomerase inactivation in endothelial cells through an Akt-dependent mechanism
, FEBS Letters 493(1): 21-25 (2001)

Pro-atrial natriuretic peptide hormone from right atria is correlated with cardiac depression in septic patients
, Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 24(7): Rc22-Rc24 (2001)

Pro-brain-derived neurotrophic factor is decreased in parietal cortex in Alzheimer's disease
, Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 111(1-2): 148-154 (2003)

Pro-caspase-8 is predominantly localized in mitochondria and released into cytoplasm upon apoptotic stimulation
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(11): 8079-8086 (2001)

Pro-coagulant state resulting from high levels of soluble P-selectin in blood
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97(25): 13835-13840 (2000)

Pro-cognitive effect of a selective histamine H1-receptor agonist, 2-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)histamine, in the rat object recognition test
, Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society . 52 Suppl 1: S33-S34 (2003)

Pro-collagen I COOH-terminal trimer induces directional migration and metalloproteinases in breast cancer cells
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(6): 3639-3647 (2003)

Pro-collagenase-1 (matrix metalloproteinase-1) binds the alpha(2)beta(1) integrin upon release from keratinocytes migrating on type I collagen
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(31): 29368-29374 (2001)

Pro-domain removal in ASP-2 and the cleavage of the amyloid precursor are influenced by pH
, Bmc Biochemistry 3: 25 (2002)

Pro-Frame: similarity-based gene recognition in eukaryotic DNA sequences with errors
, Bioinformatics 17(1): 13-15 (2001)

Pro-gastrin-releasing peptide (Pro-GRP), a tumor marker for small cell lung cancer
, Anticancer Research 23(2a): 895-898 (2003)

Pro-gastrin-releasing peptide (ProGRP), neuron specific enolase (NSE), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cytokeratin 19-fragments (CYFRA 21-1) in patients with lung cancer in comparison to other lung diseases
, Anticancer Research 23(2a): 885-893 (2003)

Pro-inflammatory activity of contaminating DNA in hyaluronic acid preparations
, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 53(4): 555-561 (2001)

Pro-inflammatory agents accumulate during donor liver cold preservation: A study on increased adhesion molecule expression and abrogation by curcumin in cultured endothelial cells
, Cryobiology 46(3): 284-288 (2003)

Pro-inflammatory and T cell inhibitory cytokines are secreted at high levels in tumor cell cultures of human renal cell carcinoma
, European Urology 35(1): 70-80 (1999)

Pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine mRNA induction in the periphery and brain following intraperitoneal administration of bacterial lipopolysaccharide
, Brain Research Bulletin 54(4): 443-453 (2001)

Pro-inflammatory cytokine and chemokine release by human brain microvascular endothelial cells stimulated by Streptococcus suis serotype 2
, FEMS immunology and medical microbiology 35(1): 49-58 (2003)

Pro-inflammatory cytokine production by synoviocytes following exposure to protein I/II, a modulin from oral streptococci
, FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology 30(1): 13-19 (2001)

Pro-inflammatory cytokine response of the fluid contents of spermatoceles and epididymal cysts
, Andrologia 34(2): 112-115 (2002)

Pro-inflammatory cytokines in patients with essential hypertension
, European Journal of Clinical Investigation 31(1): 31-36 (2001)

Pro-inflammatory cytokines increase the permeability of paracetamol across a human endothelial-smooth muscle cell bilayer model
, Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation 59(4): 259-266 (1999)

Pro-inflammatory cytokines induce c-fos expression followed by IL-6 release in human airway smooth muscle cells
, Mediators of Inflammation 10(3): 135-142 (2001)

Pro-inflammatory cytokines induce expression of matrix-metabolizing enzymes in human cervical smooth muscle cells
, American Journal of Pathology 154(6): 1755-1762 (1999)

Pro-inflammatory cytokines stimulate mitogen-activated protein kinase subfamilies, increase phosphorylation of c-Jun and ATF2 and upregulate c-Jun protein in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes
, Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 31(12): 2087-2099 (1999)

Pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-6 and survival factor epidermal growth factor positively regulate the murine GSTA4 enzyme in hepatocytes
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(20): 17892-17900 (2002)

Pro-inflammatory effect of TWEAK/Fn14 interaction on human umbilical vein endothelial cells
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 299(3): 488-493 (2002)

Pro-inflammatory effect of freshly solubilized beta-amyloid peptides in the brain
, Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators 70(1-2): 1-12 (2002)

Pro-inflammatory effects of aluminum in human glioblastoma cells
, Brain Research 933(1): 60-65 (2002)

Pro-inflammatory effects of cholera toxin: Role of tumor necrosis factor alpha
, Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology 40(10): 1487-1494 (2002)

Pro-inflammatory effects of the aminobisphosphonate ibandronate in vitro and in vivo
, Rheumatology 38(10): 984-991 (1999)

Pro-inflammatory interleukins in the synovial fluid of rheumatoid arthritis associated with joint hypermobility
, Rheumatology 40(2): 202-204 (2001)

Pro-inflammatory maternal cytokine profile in preterm delivery
, American Journal of Reproductive Immunology 49(5): 308-318 (2003)

Pro-inflammatory properties of the kallikrein-kinin system: potential for new drug therapy
, Inflammopharmacology 6(4): 289-296 (1998)

Pro-inflammatory role of serotonin and interleukin-6 in arthritis and spondyloarthropathies--measurement of disease activity by bone scan and effect of steroids
, Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 31(1): 41-43 (2002)

Pro-inflammatory--anti-inflammatory cytokine dynamics mediated by cytokine-receptor dynamics in monocytes
, Ima Journal of Mathematics Applied in Medicine and Biology 18(2): 159-192 (2001)

Pro-nociceptive effects of neuromedin U in rat
, Neuroscience 120(2): 467-474 (2003)

Pro-oligonucleotide synthesis using allyl and allyloxycarbonyl protections: direct MALDI-TOF MS analysis on solid support
, Nucleosides Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids 20(4-7): 947-950 (2001)

Pro-opiomelanocortin in human pregnancy: evolution of maternal plasma levels, concentrations in cord blood, amniotic fluid and at the feto-maternal interface
, European Journal of Endocrinology 142(1): 53-59 (2000)

Pro-opiomelanocortin-related peptides, prohormone convertases 1 and 2 and the regulatory peptide 7B2 are present in melanosomes of human melanocytes
, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 114(3): 430-437 (2000)

Pro-oxidant and anti-oxidant mechanism(s) of BHT and beta-carotene in photocarcinogenesis
, Frontiers in Bioscience: a Journal and Virtual Library 7: D1044-D1055 (2002)

Pro-oxidant and antioxidant mechanisms of etoposide in HL-60 cells: role of myeloperoxidase
, Cancer Research 61(21): 7777-7784 (2001)

Pro-oxidant and antioxidant potential of catecholestrogens against ferrylmyoglobin-induced oxidative stress
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1583(2): 167-175 (2002)

Pro-oxidant and cytotoxic effects of circulating heme
, Blood 100(3): 879-887 (2002)

Pro-oxidant effect of dehydroepiandrosterone in rats is mediated by PPAR activation
, Life Sciences 73(3): 289-299 (2003)

Pro-oxidant effects of the flavonoid myricetin on rat hepatocytes in culture
, Toxicology Methods 11(4): 277-283 (2001)

Pro-oxidant, anti-oxidant and cleavage activities on DNA of curcumin and its derivatives demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin
, Chemico-Biological Interactions 121(2): 161-175 (1999)

Pro-oxidating properties of melatonin in the in vitro interaction with the singlet oxygen
, Endocrine Research 25(3-4): 263-280 (1999)

Pro-oxidative activity of nitroxides in their reactions with glutathione
, Free Radical Biology and Medicine 35(3): 310-316 (2003)

Pro-oxidative effects of NaCl in microbial growth-controlled and uncontrolled beef and chicken
, Meat Science 57(1): 105-112 (2001)

Pro-oxidative properties of flavonoids in human lymphocytes
, Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 67(6): 1215-1222 (2003)

Pro-region of neurotrophins: Role in synaptic modulation
, Neuron 39(5): 735-738 (2003)

Pro-sterol carrier protein-2: role of the N-terminal presequence in structure, function, and peroxisomal targeting
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(33): 25547-25555 (2000)

Pro-vitamin A carotenoid conversion factors: Retinol equivalents: Fact or fiction?
, Food Chemistry 69(2): 125-127 (2000)

Pro-xenopsin(s) in vesicles of mammalian brain, liver, stomach and intestine is apparently released into blood and cerebral spinal fluid
, Regulatory Peptides 95(1-3): 115-124 (2000)

Pro12Ala of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma2 gene is associated with lower serum insulin levels in nonobese African Americans: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
, Diabetes 52(6): 1568-1572 (2003)

Pro12Ala polymorphism in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) gene and risk of prostate cancer among men in a large cancer prevention study
, Cancer Letters 191(1): 67-74 (2003)

Pro12Ala polymorphism in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma2 gene is associated with increased antilipolytic insulin sensitivity
, Diabetes 50(4): 876-881 (2001)

Pro12Ala substitution in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma2 is not associated with type 2 diabetes
, Diabetes 48(7): 1466-1468 (1999)

Pro: Modafinil has a role in management of sleep apnea
, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 167(2): 105-6; discussion 108 (2003)

Pro: non-penetrating glaucoma surgery--a fair chance
, Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 241(9): 699-702 (2003)

ProC Global: A new assay to evaluate the functionality of the protein C anticoagulant pathway: Preliminary results in 223 consecutive patients with a history of venous thromboembolism
, Fibrinolysis and Proteolysis 12(6): 347-352 (1998)

ProClass protein family database
, Nucleic Acids Research 28(1): 273-276 (2000)

ProDDO: a database of disordered proteins from the Protein Data Bank (PDB)
, Bioinformatics 17(4): 379-380 (2001)

ProDisc artificial total lumbar disc replacement: introduction and early results from the United States clinical trial
, Spine 28(20): S167-S175 (2003)

ProMMP-9 (92 kDa gelatinase) in vitreous fluid of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy
, Life Sciences 64(25): 2307-2315 (1999)

ProNGF induces p75-mediated death of oligodendrocytes following spinal cord injury
, Neuron 36(3): 375-386 (2002)

ProPred1: Prediction of promiscuous MHC class-I binding sites
, Bioinformatics 19(8): 1009-1014 (2003)

ProPred: prediction of HLA-DR binding sites
, Bioinformatics 17(12): 1236-1237 (2001)

ProSAAS and prohormone convertase 1 are broadly expressed during mouse development
, Gene Expression Patterns 1(2): 135-140 (2002)

ProSAAS processing in mouse brain and pituitary
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(9): 6207-6213 (2001)

ProSAP/Shank postsynaptic density proteins interact with insulin receptor tyrosine kinase substrate IRSp53
, Journal of Neurochemistry 83(4): 1013-1017 (2002)

ProSAP/Shank proteins - a family of higher order organizing molecules of the postsynaptic density with an emerging role in human neurological disease
, Journal of Neurochemistry 81(5): 903-910 (2002)

ProSeal laryngeal mask airway use for prolonged middle ear surgery
, British Journal of Anaesthesia 87(2): 323-324 (2001)

ProSeal laryngeal mask protects against aspiration of fluid in the pharynx
, British Journal of Anaesthesia 88(4): 584-587 (2002)

ProSeal versus the Classic laryngeal mask airway for positive pressure ventilation during laparoscopic cholecystectomy
, British Journal of Anaesthesia 88(6): 824-827 (2002)

Proabsorptive action of gum arabic: regulation of nitric oxide metabolism in the basolateral potassium channel of the small intestine
, Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 32(5): 529-533 (2001)

Proactive and reactive aggression among school bullies, victims, and bully-victims
, Aggressive Behavior 28(1): 30-44 (2002)

Proactive approach for the evaluation of fetal safety in chemical industries
, Teratology 60(3): 130-136 (1999)

Proactive coping among persons diagnosed with severe mental illness: an exploratory study
, Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 189(2): 121-123 (2001)

Proactive influence of a surgical stressor on locomotor activity, exploration and anxiety-related behaviour following acute footshock in the mouse
, Brain Research Bulletin 48(3): 283-290 (1999)

Proactive interference between cues trained with a common outcome in first-order Pavlovian conditioning
, Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes 29(4): 311-322 (2003)

Proactive interference of a sequence of tones in a two-tone pitch comparison task
, Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 7(2): 327-331 (2000)

Proactive interference, recency, and associative strength: Comparisons of black-capped chickadees and dark-eyed juncos
, Animal Learning and Behavior 26(4): 475-485 (1998)

Proactive management of histopathology workloads: analysis of the UK Royal College of Pathologists' recommendations on specimens of limited or no clinical value on the workload of a teaching hospital gastrointestinal pathology service
, Journal of Clinical Pathology 55(11): 850-852 (2002)

Proactive medicine is better option
, BMJ 324(7335): 487 (2002)

Proactive monitoring of pediatric hemodialysis vascular access: effects of ultrasound dilution on thrombosis rates
, Kidney International 62(1): 272-275 (2002)

Proactive responses to human impacts that balance development and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) conservation: An integrative model
, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55(Suppl 1): 288-302 (1998)

Proactive safety surveillance
, Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety 10(3): 191-196 (2001)

Proadifen (SKF-525A), an inhibitor of cytochrome P-450, augments LPS-induced fever and exacerbates prostaglandin-E2 levels in the rat
, Journal of Thermal Biology 25(1-2): 45-50 (2000)

Proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP) elevates blood glucose levels via bombesin receptor in mice
, FEBS Letters 473(2): 207-211 (2000)

Proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP) enhances proliferation of rat zona glomerulosa cells by activating MAPK cascade
, Peptides (New York) 22(11): 1909-1912 (2001)

Proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP), acting through PAMP(12-20)-sensitive receptors, inhibits Ca2+-dependent, agonist-stimulated secretion of human adrenal glands
, Hypertension 33(5): 1185-1189 (1999)

Proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide hyperpolarizes the membrane by activating an inwardly rectifying K+ current in differentiated PC12 cells
, Circulation Research 84(4): 445-450 (1999)

Proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide inhibits adrenocorticotropin secretion from cultured pituitary cells, possibly via activation of a potassium channel
, Endocrine 9(3): 269-272 (1998)

Proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide: minimal active region to regulate nicotinic receptors
, Hypertension 32(5): 907-916 (1998)

Proadrenomedullin NH(2)-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP) and adrenomedullin bind to teratocarcinoma cells
, Peptides 21(1): 101-107 (2000)

Proadrenomedullin-derived peptides as autocrine-paracrine regulators of cell growth
, Histology and Histopathology 16(4): 1263-1274 (2001)

Proailurus, one of the oldest Felidae (Carnivora) from Eurasia: Systematics and evolution
, Bulletin de la Societe d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse 135: 125-134 (1999)

Proangiogenic effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition is mediated by the bradykinin B(2) receptor pathway
, Circulation Research 89(8): 678-683 (2001)

Proangiogenic function of CD40 ligand-CD40 interactions
, Journal of Immunology 171(3): 1534-1541 (2003)

Proangiogenic properties of human myeloma cells: production of angiopoietin-1 and its potential relationship to myeloma-induced angiogenesis
, Blood 102(2): 638-645 (2003)

Proangiogenic role of tumor-activated hepatic stellate cells in experimental melanoma metastasis
, Hepatology 37(3): 674-685 (2003)

Proanthocyanidin biosynthesis in plants. Purification of legume leucoanthocyanidin reductase and molecular cloning of its cDNA
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(34): 31647-31656 (2003)

Proanthocyanidin composition of red Vitis vinifera varieties from the Douro Valley during ripening: Influence of cultivation altitude
, American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 52(2): 115-121 (2001)

Proanthocyanidin-rich extract from grape seeds attenuates the development of aortic atherosclerosis in cholesterol-fed rabbits
, Atherosclerosis 142(1): 139-149 (1999)

Proanthocyanidin: a natural crosslinking reagent for stabilizing collagen matrices
, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part a 65(1): 118-124 (2003)

Proanthocyanidins and related compounds: antileishmanial activity and modulatory effects on nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-alpha-release in the murine macrophage-like cell line RAW 264.7
, Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 24(9): 1016-1021 (2001)

Proanthocyanidins and tannin-like compounds - Nature, occurrence, dietary intake and effects on nutrition and health
, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 80(7): 1094-1117 (2000)

Proanthocyanidins from barley bran potentiate retinoic acid-induced granulocytic and sodium butyrate-induced monocytic differentiation of HL60 cells
, Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 62(8): 1483-1487 (1998)

Proapoptosis and antiapoptosis-related molecules during postnatal pancreas development in control and nonobese diabetic mice: Relationship with innervation
, Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology 83(2): 227-239 (2003)

Proapoptotic BAX and BAK: a requisite gateway to mitochondrial dysfunction and death
, Science 292(5517): 727-730 (2001)

Proapoptotic BH3-only Bcl-2 family members induce cytochrome c release, but not mitochondrial membrane potential loss, and do not directly modulate voltage-dependent anion channel activity
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97(2): 577-582 (2000)

Proapoptotic Bax is hyperexpressed in isolated human islets compared with antiapoptotic Bcl-2
, Transplantation 74(11): 1489-1496 (2002)

Proapoptotic Fas ligand is expressed by normal kidney tubular epithelium and injured glomeruli
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 11(7): 1266-1277 (2000)

Proapoptotic and antiproliferative potential of selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors in human liver tumor cells
, Hepatology 36(4 Pt 1): 885-894 (2002)

Proapoptotic and growth-inhibitory role of angiotensin II type 2 receptor in vascular smooth muscle cells of spontaneously hypertensive rats in vivo
, Hypertension 35(5): 1069-1073 (2000)

Proapoptotic anti-inflammatory drugs
, Urology 57(4 Suppl 1): 73-76 (2001)

Proapoptotic effects of antiestrogens, progestins and androgen in breast cancer cells
, Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 69(1-6): 463-471 (1999)

Proapoptotic effects of tau cleavage product generated by caspase-3
, Neurobiology of Disease 8(1): 162-172 (2001)

Proapoptotic p53-interacting protein 53BP2 is induced by UV irradiation but suppressed by p53
, Molecular and Cellular Biology 20(21): 8018-8025 (2000)

Proapoptotic plasma membrane pore: P2X7 receptor
, Drug Development Research 52(4): 571-578 (2001)

Proapoptotic protein glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: a possible site of action of antiapoptotic drugs
, Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 27(2): 291-301 (2003)

Proarrhythmia
, American Journal of Cardiology 82(8A): 50N-58N (1998)

Proarrhythmic effects of fluoroquinolone antibacterial agents: in vivo effects as physiologic substrate for torsades
, Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 169(1): 8-16 (2000)

Proarrhythmic effects of four Class III antiarrhythmic drugs, MS-551, sematilide, dofetilide and KCB328, examined using ambulatory ECG
, Asia Pacific Journal of Pharmacology 14(3): 101-109 (2000)

Proarrhythmic effects of intravenous quinidine, amiodarone, D-sotalol, and almokalant in the anesthetized rabbit model of torsade de pointes
, Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 39(2): 287-297 (2002)

Proasellus pribenicensis Flasarova, 1977 (Crustacea: Isopoda, Asellota), a magyar faunara uj vizi aszka a Cserehatbol
, Folia Entomologica Hungarica 62: 319-414 (2001)

Proatherogenic and antiatherogenic effects of probucol and phytosterols in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice: possible mechanisms of action
, Circulation 99(13): 1733-1739 (1999)

Proatherogenic and proinflammatory properties of immune complexes prepared with purified human oxLDL antibodies and human oxLDL
, Clinical Immunology 105(1): 81-92 (2002)

Proatherogenic flow conditions initiate endothelial apoptosis via thrombospondin-1 and the integrin-associated protein
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 286(1): 141-149 (2001)

Proba oceny wiedzy z reumatologii u studentow akademii medycznej w Gdansku i lekarzy pierwszego kontaktu jako uzasadnienie potrzeby zmian w programie nauczania dla lekarzy rodzinnych
, Reumatologia 38(4): 393-404 (2000)

Proba zastosowania testu bet (LAL) do oznaczenia biologicznej aktywnosci lipopolisacharydow i wielocukrow otoczkowych Bacteroides fragilis i Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron
, Medycyna Doswiadczalna i Mikrobiologia 53(4): 387-394 (2001)

Probabilistic Boolean networks: A rule-based uncertainty model for gene regulatory networks
, Bioinformatics 18(2): 261-274 (2002 )

Probabilistic alignment of motifs with sequences
, Bioinformatics 18(8): 1091-1101 (2002)

Probabilistic analysis indicates discordant gene trees in chloroplast evolution
, Journal of Molecular Evolution 56(3): 330-340 (2003)

Probabilistic analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging data
, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 39(1): 132-148 (1998)

Probabilistic analysis of global performances of diagnostic tests: Interpreting the Lorenz curve-based summary measures
, Statistics in Medicine 18(4): 455-471 (1999)

Probabilistic analysis of monitoring systems for detecting subsurface contaminant plumes
, Ground Water 36(6): 894-900 (1998)

Probabilistic and statistical properties of words: an overview
, Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology 7(1-2): 1-46 (2000)

Probabilistic approach to ranking sources of uncertainty in ELF magnetic field exposure limits
, Health Physics 77(3): 282-290 (1999)

Probabilistic approach to the establishment of maximal content limits of impurities in drug formulations: the case of parenteral diphenylhydantoic acid
, Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: Rtp 29(1): 1-14 (1999)

Probabilistic approaches for atlasing normal and disease-specific brain variability
, Anatomy and Embryology 204(4): 267-282 (2001)

Probabilistic approaches in the effect assessment of toxic chemicals. What are the benefits and limitations?
, Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 9(5): 307-314 (2002)

Probabilistic cellular automaton: Model and application to vegetation dynamics
, Community Ecology 3(2): 159-167 (2002)

Probabilistic classification and its application to vegetation science
, Community Ecology 3(2): 147-157 (2002)

Probabilistic classification learning in Tourette syndrome
, Neuropsychologia 40(8): 1356-1362 (2002)

Probabilistic classification rules for setting conservation priorities
, Biological Conservation 89(2): 227-231 (1999)

Probabilistic computation by neuromine networks
, Biosystems 58(1-3): 167-176 (2000)

Probabilistic decision making by slow reverberation in cortical circuits
, Neuron 36(5): 955-968 (2002)

Probabilistic determination of stability for a delay-differential model of the glucose-insulin dynamical system
, Journal of Biological Systems 7(2): 131-144 (1999)

Probabilistic expert systems for DNA mixture profiling
, Theoretical Population Biology 63(3): 191-205 (2003)

Probabilistic exposure assessment of operator and residential exposure; a canadian regulatory perspective
, Annals of Occupational Hygiene 45(Suppl): S43-S47 (2001)

Probabilistic exposure assessment of operator and residential non-dietary exposure
, Annals of Occupational Hygiene 45(Suppl): S29-S42 (2001)

Probabilistic hazard assessment of environmentally occurring pharmaceuticals toxicity to fish, daphnids and algae by ECOSAR screening
, Toxicology Letters 144(3): 383-395 (2003)

Probabilistic lattice models of collective motion and aggregation: From individual to collective dynamics
, Mathematical Biosciences 156(1-2): 255-269 (1999)

Probabilistic learning and reversal deficits in patients with Parkinson's disease or frontal or temporal lobe lesions: Possible adverse effects of dopaminergic medication
, Neuropsychologia 38(5): 596-612 (2000)

Probabilistic mapping and volume measurement of human primary auditory cortex
, Neuroimage 13(4): 669-683 (2001)

Probabilistic model for prediction of angiographically defined obstructive coronary artery disease using electron beam computed tomography calcium score strata
, Circulation 102(4): 380-385 (2000)

Probabilistic modeling of Saccharomyces cerevisiae inhibition under the effects of water activity, pH, and potassium sorbate concentration
, Journal of Food Protection 63(1): 91-95 (2000)

Probabilistic modeling of platelet aggregation: Effects of activation time and receptor occupancy
, Journal of Theoretical Biology 219(1): 33-53 (2002)

Probabilistic modeling of shear-induced formation and breakage of doublets cross-linked by receptor-ligand bonds
, Biophysical Journal 76(2): 1112-1128 (1999)

Probabilistic modelling for estimating gas kinetics and decompression sickness risk in pigs during H2 biochemical decompression
, Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 65(4): 747-766 (2003)

Probabilistic modelling: theory and practice
, Food Additives and Contaminants 17(7): 591-599 (2000)

Probabilistic population estimation of the size and overlap of data sets based on date of birth
, Statistics in Medicine 20(9-10): 1421-1430 (2001)

Probabilistic prediction of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mRNA 3'-processing sites
, Nucleic Acids Research 30(8): 1851-1858 (2002)

Probabilistic risk and sensitivity analysis for a model of enhanced anaerobic bioremediation of chlorinated ethenes
, Acta Universitatis Carolinae Geologica 46(2-3): 302-305 (2002)

Probabilistic risk assessment of reproductive effects of polychlorinated biphenyls on bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) from the southeast United States coast
, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 21(12): 2752-2764 (2002)

Probabilistic risk assessment's use of trees and distributions to reflect uncertainty and variability and to overcome the limitations of default assumptions
, Environment International 25(6-7): 755-772 (1999)

Probabilistic sampling of protein conformations: New hope for brute force?
, Proteins 46(1): 8-23 (2002)

Probabilistic scoring measures for profile-profile comparison yield more accurate short seed alignments
, Bioinformatics 19(12): 1531-1539 (2003)

Probabilistic small area risk assessment using GIS-based data: A case study on Finnish childhood diabetes
, Statistics in Medicine 19(17-18): 2345-2359, 15 September- 30 September (2000)

Probabilistic synaptic weighting in a reconfigurable network of VLSI integrate-and-fire neurons
, Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society 14(6-7): 781-793 (2001)

Probabilities and polarity biases in conditional inference
, Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning Memory and Cognition 26(4): 883-899 (2000)

Probabilities in the cytologic diagnosis of thyroid gland lesions
, American Journal of Clinical Pathology 113(6): 765-768 (2000)

Probabilities of alcohol high-risk drinking, abuse or dependence estimated on grounds of tobacco smoking and nicotine dependence
, Addiction 98(6): 805-814 (2003)

Probabilities of encounters between objects in biological systems 2: Cognizer view
, Journal of Theoretical Biology 221(1): 39-51 (2003)

Probabilities of encounters between objects in biological systems: meta-observer view
, Journal of Theoretical Biology 211(4): 347-363 (2001)

Probabilities of radiation-induced inter- and intrachromosomal exchanges and their dependence on the DNA content of the chromosome
, Radiation Research 156(5 Pt 2): 603-606 (2001)

Probability analysis of variational crystallization and its application to gp120, the exterior envelope glycoprotein of type 1 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1)
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(7): 4115-4123 (1999)

Probability and the Westgard Rules
, Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science 33(1): 113-114 (2003)

Probability binning and testing agreement between multivariate immunofluorescence histograms: Extending the chi-squared test
, Cytometry 45(2): 141-150 (2001)

Probability binning comparison: A metric for quantitating multivariate distribution differences
, Cytometry 45(1): 47-55 (2001 )

Probability binning comparison: A metric for quantitating univariate distribution differences
, Cytometry 45(1): 37-46 (2001)

Probability density functions as botanical-climatological transfer functions for climate reconstruction
, Quaternary Research 58(3): 381-392 (2002)

Probability description of ligand-receptor interactions. Evaluation of reliability of events with small and supersmall doses. I. Kinetics of ligand-receptor interactions
, Biochemistry. Biokhimiia 64(9): 1038-1048 (1999)

Probability distributions of toxicant sensitivity for freshwater Rotifer species
, Environmental Toxicology 14(3): 361-366 (1999)

Probability estimates and paths to consonant normalization in children with speech delay
, Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research: Jslhr 42(2): 448-459 (1999)

Probability in transcriptional regulation and its implications for leukocyte differentiation and inducible gene expression
, Blood 96(7): 2323-2328 (2000)

Probability interrelations between pre-/post-stimulus intervals and ERD/ERS during a memory task
, Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 113(6): 826-843 (2002)

Probability judgment in hierarchical learning: A conflict between predictiveness and coherence
, Cognition 83(1): 81-112 (2002)

Probability learning in golden hamsters
, Japanese Journal of Animal Psychology 49(1): 41-47 (1999)

Probability lexicon structure in Mental Disorders: Association with features of hemispheric interaction
, Fiziologiya Cheloveka 25(4): 19-25 (1999)

Probability of HIV-1 transmission per coital act in monogamous, heterosexual, HIV-1-discordant couples in Rakai, Uganda
, Lancet 357(9263): 1149-1153 (2001)

Probability of Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy after cataract surgery in Olmsted County, Minnesota
, American Journal of Ophthalmology 131(2): 161-166 (2001)

Probability of acceptable intubation conditions with low dose rocuronium during light sevoflurane anaesthesia in children
, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 45(8): 1036-1041 (2001)

Probability of and risk factors for introduction of infectious diseases into Dutch SPF dairy farms: a cohort study
, Preventive Veterinary Medicine 54(3): 279-289 (2002)

Probability of anti-D development in D- patients receiving D+ RBCs
, Transfusion 43(7): 893-898 (2003)

Probability of bilateral disease in people presenting with a unilateral vestibular schwannoma
, Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 66(6): 764-767 (1999)

Probability of biodegradation, a novel concept for improving chemical classification and risk assessment
, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 47(3): 221-230 (2000)

Probability of detecting marbled murrelets at sea: Effects of single versus paired observers
, Journal of Wildlife Management 66(3): 865-873 (2002)

Probability of filtration surgery in patients with open-angle glaucoma
, Archives of Ophthalmology 117(9): 1211-1215 (1999)

Probability of finding HLA-matched unrelated marrow donors for Koreans and Japanese from the Korean and Japan Marrow Donor Programs
, Tissue Antigens 53(4 Pt 1): 347-349 (1999)

Probability of finding HLA-mismatched related or unrelated marrow or cord blood donors
, Human Immunology 61(8): 834-840 (2000)

Probability of grasstrees (Xanthorrhoea preissii) flowering after fire
, Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 83(1): 13-16 (2000)

Probability of hepatocellular carcinoma of small hepatocellular nodules undetectable by computed tomography during arterial portography
, Hepatology 31(4): 890-898 (2000)

Probability of late rectal morbidity in 125I prostate brachytherapy
, International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 55(2): 342-353 (2003)

Probability of metabolic tissue recovery after thrombolytic treatment of experimental stroke: a magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging study in rat brain
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 20(3): 583-591 (2000)

Probability of non-response during interferon therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C
, Hepato-Gastroenterology 46(27): 1928-1936 (1999)

Probability of prostate cancer detection based on results of a multicenter study using the AxSYM Free PSA and Total PSA assays
, Urology 55(6): 909-914 (2000)

Probability of receiving testing in a national lookback program: the English HCV experience
, Transfusion 42(9): 1140-1145 (2002)

Probability of regaining dexterity in the flaccid upper limb: impact of severity of paresis and time since onset in acute stroke
, Stroke 34(9): 2181-2186 (2003)

Probability of site occupancy in the large health butterfly Coenonympha tullia determined from geographical and ecological data
, Biological Conservation 87(3): 295-301 (1999)

Probability of sperm detection in nonobstructive azoospermic men undergoing testicular sperm extraction procedures unrelated to clinical parameters
, Archives of Andrology 48(4): 301-305 (2002)

Probability of stimulus equivalence as a function of class size vs. number of classes
, Psychological Record 50(1): 79-104 (2000)

Probability of survival during accidental immersion in cold water
, Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine 74(1): 47-55 (2003)

Probability patterns of narrow-band differential spectra of human EEG during memorization
, Fiziologiya Cheloveka 24(4): 75-85 (1998)

Probability ratings in claustrophobic patients and normal controls
, Behaviour Research and Therapy 38(11): 1107-1116 (2000)

Probability summation for multiple patches of luminance modulation
, Vision Research 40(16): 2101-2113 (2000)

Probability that a fossil absent from a sample is also absent from the paleolandscape
, Quaternary Research 54(1): 144-154 (2000)

Probability-based construction of reference ranges for ratios of log-gaussian analytes: an example from automated leukocyte counts
, American Journal of Clinical Pathology 117(6): 851-856 (2002)

Probability-based protein identification by searching sequence databases using mass spectrometry data
, Electrophoresis 20(18): 3551-3567 (1999)

Probability-based protein secondary structure identification using combined NMR chemical-shift data
, Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 11(4): 852-861 (2002)

Probable adult polyglucosan body disease
, Mayo Clinic Proceedings 75(12): 1327-1331 (2000)

Probable allergic reaction to cyclosporin and early formation of thrombi on a pulmonary artery catheter: two unusual complications during bilateral lung transplantation
, British Journal of Anaesthesia 89(6): 930-933 (2002)

Probable ancestors of Hungarian ethnic groups: An admixture analysis
, Annals of Human Genetics 64(2): 145-159 (2000)

Probable case of Binder syndrome in a skeleton from Quarai, New Mexico
, American Journal of Physical Anthropology 118(4): 371-377 (2002)

Probable case of torsades de pointes induced by fluconazole
, Pharmacotherapy 22(12): 1632-1637 (2002)

Probable colchicine-induced neutropenia not related to intentional overdose
, Annals of PharmacoTherapy 35(2): 192-195 (2001)

Probable corticospinal tract control of spinal cord plasticity in the rat
, Journal of Neurophysiology 87(2): 645-652 (2002)

Probable destructive meningioma in an archaeological adult male skull from Alaska
, American Journal of Physical Anthropology 122(3): 232-239 (2003)

Probable effect of delisting of the Peregrine Falcon on availability of urban nest sites
, Journal of Raptor Research 34(2): 126-132 (2000)

Probable effects of infrared irradiation on sensory neuron membrane
, Sensornye Sistemy 17(1): 24-31 (2003)

Probable gas embolism during operative hysteroscopy caused by products of combustion
, Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 49(10): 1044-1047 (2002)

Probable genetic origin for a large number of cataracts among captive-bred vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops)
, American Journal of Primatology 55(1): 43-48 (2001)

Probable hypercalcemia of malignancy in a cat with bronchogenic adenocarcinoma
, Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 36(1): 52-55 (2000)

Probable identity of Goltz syndrome and Van Allen-Myhre syndrome: evidence from phenotypic evolution
, American Journal of Medical Genetics 110(4): 370-379 (2002)

Probable interaction between S100A7 and E-FABP in the cytosol of human keratinocytes from psoriatic scales
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 192(1-2): 123-128 (1999)

Probable interaction between cyclosporin A and low dose ticlopidine
, BMJ 320(7241): 1037 (2000)

Probable interaction between efavirenz and cyclosporine
, Aids 16(3): 505-506 (2002)

Probable involvement of a germ-line mutation of an unknown mismatch repair gene in a Japanese Muir-Torre syndrome phenotype
, Journal of Dermatological Science 23(2): 117-125 (2000)

Probable involvement of cathepsin D in the degradation of beta2-microglobulin in acidic urine
, Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 38(6): 495-499 (2000)

Probable involvement of the 5-hydroxytryptamine(4) receptor in methotrexate-induced delayed emesis in dogs
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 292(3): 1002-1007 (2000)

Probable involvement of the augmented agonist-induced Ca2+ sensitization of airway smooth muscle contraction in the pathogenesis of airway hyperresponsiveness
, Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica 114(3): 185-190 (1999)

Probable laboratory contamination of clinical specimens with Leptospira meyeri
, Microbiology and Immunology 47(4): 305-306 (2003)

Probable metabolic interaction of doxifluridine with phenytoin
, Annals of PharmacoTherapy 36(5): 831-834 (2002)

Probable microvertebrates, vertebrate-like fossils, and weird things from the Wisconsin Ordovician
, Journal of Paleontology 73(6): 1201-1209 (1999)

Probable molecular mechanisms of slow sodium channel gating machinery modifications by pyrazine and its derivatives
, Sensornye Sistemy 14(1): 48-59 (2000)

Probable nafcillin-warfarin interaction
, Journal of Pharmacy Technology 15(1): 5-7 (1999)

Probable participation of phosphatidylinositol-3'kinase in insulin and epidermal growth factor activation of phospholipase C hydrolyzing glycosyl phosphatidylinositol
, Problemy Endokrinologii 45(1): 44-47 (1999)

Probable rofecoxib-induced thrombocytopenia
, Rheumatology 42(5): 699-700 (2003 )

Probable sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with valine homozygosity at codon 129 and bilateral middle cerebellar peduncle lesions
, Internal Medicine 42(2): 199-202 (2003)

Probable transmission of HIV from an orthopedic surgeon to a patient in France
, Annals of Internal Medicine 130(1): 1-6 (1999)

Probable trigeminal nerve schwannoma in a dog
, Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound: the Official Journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association 39(6): 539-542 (1998)

Probably benign lesions at breast magnetic resonance imaging: preliminary experience in high-risk women
, Cancer 98(2): 377-388 (2003)

Probably benign palpable lumps in women over 50 - Is surgery the only option?
, Breast 8(1): 48-50 (1999)

Probe calibration in transient microdialysis in vivo
, Pharmaceutical Research 18(3): 361-366 (2001)

Probe generation directly from small numbers of cells for DNA microarray studies
, Biotechniques 34(2): 386-8 390 392-3 (2003)

Probe into the origin, development and evolution model of shelf desertizational environment in the last stage of Late Pleistocene
, Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 16(4): 326-332 (1998)

Probe into the surgical scheme of stage IV gastric cancer: A report of 772 cases
, Zhongguo Zhongliu Linchuang 26(11): 809-811 (1999)

Probe of specific interaction between a simplified synthetic glycopolymer and erythrocytes as mediated by a glucose transporter (GLUT) on a cell membrane
, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 59(3): 591-594 (2002)

Probe the method of measuring root system hydraulic conductivity using pressure chamber
, Xibei Zhiwu Xuebao 21(4): 761-765 (2001)

Probe with chest shielding for improved breast MRI
, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 43(6): 917-920 (2000)

Probe-assisted flow cytometric analysis of erythrocyte membrane response to site-specific oxidant stress
, Cytometry 40(3): 182-188 (2000)

probe Base: an online resource for rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes
, Nucleic Acids Research 31(1): 514-516 (2003)

Probe Designer: for the design of probesets for branched DNA (bDNA) signal amplification assays
, Bioinformatics 15(5): 348-355 (1999)

Probed recall for serial order deficits in short-term memory in schizophrenic patients
, Schizophrenia Research 59(2-3): 127-135, 1 February (2003)

Probenecid-associated alterations in valproate glucuronide hepatobiliary disposition: mechanistic assessment using mathematical modeling
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 297(1): 141-147 (2001)

Probenecid-associated alterations in valproic acid pharmacokinetics in rats: can in vivo disposition of valproate glucuronide be predicted from in vitro formation data?
, Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals 28(12): 1433-1439 (2000)

Probenecid-induced changes in the clearance of pranoprofen enantiomers
, Chirality 15(4): 318-323 (2003)

Probenecid-inhibitable efflux transport of valproic acid in the brain parenchymal cells of rabbits: A microdialysis study
, Brain Research 884(1--2): 77-86 (2000)

Probes for chemical genomics by design
, Drug Discovery Today 7(13): 711-718 (2002)

Probes for imidazoline binding sites: Synthesis and evaluation of a selective, irreversible I2 ligand
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 10(6): 605-607 (2000)

Probes for narcotic receptor mediated phenomena. Part 28: New opioid antagonists from enantiomeric analogues of 5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-phenylethylmorphan
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 10(10): 3319-3329 (2002)

Probes for narcotic receptor mediated phenomena. Part 31: Synthesis of rac-(3R,6aS,11aS)-2-methyl-1,3,4,5,6,11a-hexahydro-2H-3, 6a-methanobenzofuro(2,3-c)azocine-10-ol, and azocine-8-ol, the ortho-c and the para-c oxide-bridged phenylmorphan isomers
, Tetrahedron 59(25): 4603-4614 (2003)

Probing 23S ribosomal RNA cleavage sites in coccoid Helicobacter pylori
, Helicobacter 6(2): 100-109 (2001)

Probing DMPG vesicle surface with a cationic aqueous soluble spin label
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1418(1): 133-146 (1999)

Probing DNA polymerase fidelity mechanisms using time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy
, Methods 25(1): 62-77 (2001)

Probing FinO-FinP RNA interactions by site-directed protein-RNA crosslinking and gelFRET
, Rna 8(6): 816-823 (2002)

Probing RNA in vivo with methylation guide small nucleolar RNAs
, Methods 23(3): 276-286 (2001)

Probing T cell membrane organization using dimeric MHC-Ig complexes
, Journal of Immunological Methods 268(1): 93-106 (2002)

Probing acrylamide alkylation sites in cysteine-free proteins by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight
, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: Rcm 14(10): 840-848 (2000)

Probing activation of the prokaryotic arginine transcriptional regulator using chimeric proteins
, Journal of Molecular Biology 289(4): 707-727 (1999)

Probing adenosine and P2 receptors: Design of novel purines and nonpurines as selective ligands
, Drug Development Research 52(1-2): 178-186 (2001)

Probing alkali metal-pi interactions with the side chain residue of tryptophan
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99(8): 5121-5126 (2002)

Probing an open CFTR pore with organic anion blockers
, Journal of General Physiology 120(5): 647-662 (2002)

Probing and draining of frontal sinuses in exudative frontitis
, Vestnik Otorinolaringologii 6: 36-39 (1999)

Probing anterior segment kinetics with focally applied mydriatics
, Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics: the Official Journal of the Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 17(5): 461-473 (2001)

Probing antigen-antibody interactions on electrode supports by the biocatalyzed precipitation of an insoluble product
, Electroanalysis 12(14): 1097-1106 (2000)

Probing awareness during sleep with the auditory odd-ball paradigm
, International Journal of Psychophysiology: Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology 46(3): 227-241 (2002)

Probing behaviour of Helopeltis theivora waterhouse after different hours of starvation on two genotypes
, Geobios 26(1): 27-31 (1999)

Probing biomolecular interactions at conductive and semiconductive surfaces by impedance spectroscopy: Routes to impedimetric immunosensors, DNA-sensors, and enzyme biosensors
, Electroanalysis 15(11): 913-947 (2003)

Probing biopolymers with the atomic force microscope: a review
, Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition 11(7): 675-683 (2000)

Probing bone level measurements for determination of the depths of Class II furcation defects
, Journal of Periodontology 73(6): 637-642 (2002)

Probing catalysis by Escherichia coli dTDP-glucose-4,6-dehydratase: Identification and preliminary characterization of functional amino acid residues at the active site
, Biochemistry 40(22): 6598-6610 (2001)

Probing catalytically essential domain orientation in histidine kinase EnvZ by targeted disulfide crosslinking
, Journal of Molecular Biology 328(2): 409-418 (2003)

Probing cell surface charge by scanning electrode potential
, Electrophoresis 23(13): 2080-2086 (2002)

Probing cell-surface architecture through synthesis: An NMR-determined structural motif for tumor-associated mucins
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 96(7): 3489-3493 (1999)

Probing cellular protein targets of H2O2 with fluorescein-conjugated iodoacetamide and antibodies to fluorescein
, FEBS Letters 440(1-2): 111-115 (1998)

Probing chemical and conformational differences in the resting and active conformers of platelet integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3)
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(10): 7249-7260 (2000)

Probing cofactor specificity in phenylalanine hydroxylase by molecular dynamics simulations
, Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics 20(6): 733-740 (2003)

Probing conformation and conformational change in proteins is optimally undertaken in relative mode
, European Biophysics Journal: Ebj 32(5): 511-517 (2003)

Probing conformational changes in the estrogen receptor: evidence for a partially unfolded intermediate facilitating ligand binding and release
, Molecular Endocrinology 15(3): 421-428 (2001)

Probing conformational changes of gramicidin ion channels by single-molecule patch-clamp fluorescence microscopy
, Biophysical Journal 85(3): 1826-1838 (2003)

Probing connection of PBS with the photosystems in intact cells of Spirulina platensis by temperature-induced fluorescence fluctuation
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1557(1-3): 35-40 (2003)

Probing conserved surfaces on PapD
, Molecular Microbiology 31(3): 773-783 (1999)

Probing contacts between the ribonuclease H domain of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and nucleic acid by site-specific photocross-linking
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(21): 16015-16022 (2000)

Probing contacts of phosphate groups of oligonucleotides from the non-template strand of lac UV5 promoter with E. coli RNA polymerase using regioselective cross-linking
, Biochemistry. Biokhimiia 65(6): 640-650 (2000)

Probing control of glucose feeding in Vibrio cholerae cultivations
, Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering 25(4): 221-228 (2003)

Probing crucial metabolic pathways in fungal pathogens of crucifers: Biotransformation of indole-3-acetaldoxime, 4-hydroxyphenylacetaldoxime, and their metabolites
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 11(14): 3115-3120 (2003)

Probing distance and electrical potential within a protein pore with tethered DNA
, Biophysical Journal 83(6): 3202-3210 (2002)

Probing electron transfer of the redox species in wild-type RC protein and its pigment-replaced mutants re-constituted in self-assembly monolayers
, Analytical Letters 34(5): 713-725 (2001)

Probing enhanced cytochrome P450 2B1/2 activity in rat hepatocyte spheroids through confocal laser scanning microscopy
, Cell Transplantation 10(3): 329-342 (2001)

Probing enzyme quaternary structure by combinatorial mutagenesis and selection
, Protein science: a publication of the Protein Society 7(8): 1757-1767 (1998)

Probing epitopes on human prorenin during its proteolytic and non-proteolytic activation
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1388(2): 386-396 (1998)

Probing erectile function: S-(2-boronoethyl)-L-cysteine binds to arginase as a transition state analogue and enhances smooth muscle relaxation in human penile corpus cavernosum
, Biochemistry 40(9): 2678-2688 (2001)

Probing essential water in yeast pyrophosphatase by directed mutagenesis and fluoride inhibition measurements
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(1): 434-441 (2001)

Probing expansin action using cellulose/hemicellulose composites
, Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology 22(4): 327-334 (2000)

Probing f-actin flow by tracking shape fluctuations of radial bundles in lamellipodia of motile cells
, Biophysical Journal 79(1): 191-201 (2000)

Probing fibroblast growth factor dimerization and role of heparin-like glycosaminoglycans in modulating dimerization and signaling
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(26): 23421-23429 (2001)

Probing for drug-induced multiplex signal transduction pathways using high resolution two-dimensional gel electrophoresis: application to beta-adrenoceptor stimulation in the rat C6 glioma cell
, Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 71(1): 50-60 (1999)

Probing for membrane domains in the endoplasmic reticulum: retention and degradation of unassembled MHC class I molecules
, Molecular Biology of the Cell 13(5): 1566-1581 (2002)

Probing for the threshold energy for visual transduction: Red-shifted visual pigment analogs from 3-methoxy-3-dehydroretinal and related compounds
, Photochemistry and Photobiology 70(1): 111-115 (1999)

Probing functional interfaces of rod PDE gamma-subunit using scanning fluorescent labeling
, Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics 28(2-3): 115-133 (1998)

Probing functionalized gold colloids for single particle tracking experiments
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 295(3): 610-615 (2002)

Probing fundamental aspects of synaptic transmission with strontium
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 20(12): 4414-4422 (2000)

Probing green algal hydrogen production
, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B Biological Sciences 357(1426): 1499-507; Discussion 1507-11 (2002)

Probing heterotypic cell interactions: Hepatocyte function in microfabricated co-cultures
, Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition 9(11): 1137-1160 (1998)

Probing hydration and the stability of protein solutions: A colloid science approach
, Biophysical Chemistry 93(2-3): 93-101 (2001)

Probing hydrogen bonds in the antibody-bound HIV-1 gp120 V3 loop by solid state NMR REDOR measurements
, Journal of Biomolecular NMR 16(4): 313-327 (2000)

Probing interactions between HIV-1 reverse transcriptase and its DNA substrate with backbone-modified nucleotides
, Chemistry and Biology 6(2): 111-116 (1999)

Probing interactions between the U2 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein and the DEAD-box protein, Prp5
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(23): 20221-20233 (2002)

Probing intermolecular backbone H-bonding in serine proteinase-protein inhibitor complexes
, Chemistry and Biology 6(7): 419-427 (1999)

Probing intermolecular protein-protein interactions in the calcium-sensing receptor homodimer using bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET)
, European Journal of Biochemistry 269(20): 5076-5087 (2002)

Probing into the effects of 16 kinds of fruit on salivary amylase by using the method of cluster analysis
, Hubei Yikedaxue Xuebao 22(1): 1-2 (2001)

Probing into the function of the gene product responsible for glycogen storage disease type Ib
, FEBS Letters 504(1-2): 23-26 (2001)

Probing intracellular dynamics in living cells with near-field optics
, Journal of Neuroscience Methods 89(1): 9-15 (1999 )

Probing irradiated DNA with the perturbed angular correlation method
, Radiation Research 156(2): 181-185 (2001)

Probing ligand protein binding equilibria with fluorescence fluctuation spectroscopy
, Biophysical Journal 79(2): 1074-1084 (2000)

Probing ligand-induced conformational changes of human CD38
, European Journal of Biochemistry 267(10): 3056-3064 (2000)

Probing lipid mobility of raft-exhibiting model membranes by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(30): 28109-28115 (2003)

Probing local conformational changes during equilibrium unfolding of firefly luciferase: fluorescence and circular dichroism studies of single tryptophan mutants
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 282(1): 28-33 (2001)

Probing local environments of tryptophan residues in proteins: Comparison of 19F nuclear magnetic resonance results with the intrinsic fluorescence of soluble human tissue factor
, Proteins 37(4): 709-716 (1999)

Probing lung physiology with xenon polarization transfer contrast (XTC)
, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 44(3): 349-357 (2000)

Probing meiosis in hybrids of Lolium (Poaceae) with a discriminatory repetitive genomic sequence
, Chromosoma 109(4): 280-286 (2000)

Probing metal ion binding and conformational properties of the colicin E9 endonuclease by electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry
, Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 11(7): 1738-1752 (2002)

Probing metal-complexes with metallothioneins by reversed phase microbore chromatography and capillary zone electrophoresis coupled with inductively coupled plasma and electrospray mass spectrometry
, Cellular and Molecular Biology 46(2): 221-235 (2000)

Probing molecular function of trypanosomal sialidases: single point mutations can change substrate specificity and increase hydrolytic activity
, Glycobiology 11(4): 305-311 (2001)

Probing molecular interactions and mechanical properties of microbial cell surfaces by atomic force microscopy
, Ultramicroscopy 86(1-2): 113-120 (2001)

Probing molecular interactions in intact antibody: antigen complexes, an electrospray time-of-flight mass spectrometry approach
, Biophysical Journal 81(6): 3503-3509 (2001)

Probing molecular processes in live cells by quantitative multidimensional microscopy
, Trends in Cell Biology 11(8): 329-334 (2001)

Probing molecular structure of dioxygen reduction site of bacterial quinol oxidases through ligand binding to the redox metal centers
, Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 82(1-4): 19-25 (2000)

Probing neural circuits in the zebrafish: A suite of optical techniques
, Methods 30(1): 49-63 (2003)

Probing of NMDA channels with fast blockers
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 19(24): 10611-10626 (1999)

Probing of effect mechanism of zinc acexamate in treating gastric ulcer
, Zhongguo Xinyao yu Linchuang Zazhi 22(8): 481-483 (2003)

Probing of maximal biodegradation rates of methylene chloride, carbon tetrachloride, and 1,1,1-trichloroethane in methanogenic processes
, Environmental Technology 21(2): 147-156 (2000)

Probing of the substrate binding domain of lactose permease by a proton pulse
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1514(1): 33-50 (2001)

Probing opioid receptor interactions with azacycloalkane amino acids. Synthesis of a potent and selective ORL1 antagonist
, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 45(24): 5353-5357 (2002)

Probing opioid receptor-ligand interactions by employment of indolizidin-9-one amino acid as a constrained Gly(2)-Gly(3) surrogate in a leucine-enkephalin mimic
, Journal of Peptide Research: Official Journal of the American Peptide Society 57(4): 337-344 (2001)

Probing peripheral and central cholinergic system responses
, Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience: Jpn 25(4): 325-336 (2000)

Probing polymerization forces by using actin-propelled lipid vesicles
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(8): 4521-4526 (2003)

Probing polyvalency in artificial systems exhibiting molecular recognition
, Journal of Organic Chemistry 67(23): 7968-7981 (2002)

Probing protein aggregation by time-resolved fluorescence during beta-lactoglobulin crystal growth
, European Biophysics Journal: Ebj 31(2): 111-117 (2002)

Probing protein conformation with a minimal photochemical reagent
, Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 11(6): 1353-1366 (2002)

Probing protein stabilization by glycerol using electrospray mass spectrometry
, Journal of Mass Spectrometry: Jms 36(8): 918-922 (2001)

Probing protein unfolding through monitoring cysteine alkylation by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry
, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: Rcm 14(20): 1925-1931 (2000)

Probing protein-DNA interactions by unzipping a single DNA double helix
, Biophysical Journal 83(2): 1098-1105 (2002)

Probing protein-sugar interactions
, Biophysical Journal 78(1): 385-393 (2000)

Probing quantum coherence in a biological system by means of DNA amplification
, Bio Systems 57(2): 109-124 (2000)

Probing reactive center loop insertion in serpins: a simple method for ovalbumin
, Analytical Biochemistry 302(1): 81-87 (2002)

Probing red cell membrane cholesterol movement with cyclodextrin
, Biophysical Journal 83(4): 2118-2125 (2002)

Probing residual structure and backbone dynamics on the milli- to picosecond timescale in a urea-denatured fibronectin type III domain
, Journal of Molecular Biology 286(2): 579-592 (1999)

Probing ribosome structure by europium-induced RNA cleavage
, Biological Chemistry 380(2): 243-251 (1999)

Probing secretion and translocation of a beta-autotransporter using a reporter single-chain Fv as a cognate passenger domain
, Molecular Microbiology 33(6): 1232-1243 (1999)

Probing stability-activity relationships in the thermophilic proteasome from Thermoplasma acidophilum by random mutagenesis
, Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions 5(1): 3-10 (2001)

Probing structural determinants distal to the site of hydrolysis that control substrate specificity of the 20S proteasome
, Chemistry and Biology 9(5): 655-662 (2002)

Probing structural determinants specifying high thermostability in Bacillus licheniformis alpha-amylase
, Journal of Molecular Biology 301(4): 1041-1057 (2000)

Probing structural elements of thermal stability in bacterial oligomeric alcohol dehydrogenases. I. Construction and characterization of chimeras consisting of secondary ADHs from Thermoanaerobacter brockii and Clostridium beijerinckii
, Letters in Peptide Science 5(5-6): 399-408 (1998)

Probing structural requirements of fMLP receptor: on the size of the hydrophobic pocket corresponding to residue 2 of the tripeptide
, Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society 8(2): 56-65 (2002)

Probing substates in sperm whale myoglobin using high-pressure crystallography
, Structure 10(1): 51-60 (2002)

Probing substrate binding to metallo-beta-lactamase L1 from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia by using site-directed mutagenesis
, Bmc Biochemistry 3: 4 (2002)

Probing subtle differences in the hydrogen exchange behavior of variants of the human alpha-lactalbumin molten globule using mass spectrometry
, Journal of Molecular Biology 311(4): 909-919 (2001)

Probing subunit interactions in alpha class rat liver glutathione S-transferase with the photoaffinity label glutathionyl S-[4-(succinimidyl)benzophenone
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(8): 5493-5503 (2000)

Probing sugar translocation through maltoporin at the single channel level
, FEBS Letters 476(3): 224-228 (2000)

Probing surface structure of sarcin domain on ribosomes of Escherichia coli by complementary oligo DNAs and ribosome-inactivating protein
, Journal of Biomedical Science 6(4): 277-284 (1999)

Probing targets for antipsychotic drug action with PET and SPET receptor imaging
, Nuclear Medicine Communications 22(7): 829-833 (2001)

Probing the 121-136 domain of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase using antibodies
, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 385(2): 267-275 (2001)

Probing the 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate/alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase substrate-binding site by site-directed mutagenesis and mechanism-based inactivation
, Biochemistry 41(31): 9787-9794 (2002)

Probing the ATP ribose-binding domain of cyclin-dependent kinases 1 and 2 with O(6)-substituted guanine derivatives
, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 45(16): 3381-3393 (2002)

Probing the ATP-binding site of P1 ParA: partition and repression have different requirements for ATP binding and hydrolysis
, Embo Journal 20(17): 4901-4911 (2001)

Probing the DNA interface of the EcoRV DNA-(adenine-N6)-methyltransferase by site-directed mutagenesis, fluorescence spectroscopy, and UV cross-linking
, Biochemistry 41(48): 14103-14110 (2002)

Probing the H-protein-induced conformational change and the function of the N-terminal region of Escherichia coli T-protein of the glycine cleavage system by limited proteolysis
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(12): 10067-10072 (2003)

Probing the Mn oxidation states in the OEC. Insights from spectroscopic, computational and kinetic data
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1503(1-2): 123-137, 5 January (2001)

Probing the MVAI methyltransferase region that interacts with DNA: affinity labeling with the dialdehyde-containing DNA duplexes
, Nucleosides Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids 19(10-12): 1805-1820 (2000)

Probing the NADPH-binding site of Escherichia coli flavodoxin oxidoreductase
, Biochemical Journal 352 Pt 2: 257-266 (2000)

Probing the TRAP-RNA interaction with nucleoside analogs
, Rna 5(10): 1277-1289 (1999)

Probing the Tetrahymena group I ribozyme reaction in both directions
, Biochemistry 41(37): 11171-11183 (2002)

Probing the activation of protein C by the thrombin-thrombomodulin complex using structural analysis, site-directed mutagenesis, and computer modeling
, Proteins 35(2): 218-234 (1999)

Probing the activation site of ribonuclease L with new N6-substituted 2',5'-adenylate trimers
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 11(9): 2041-2049 (2003)

Probing the active center gorge of acetylcholinesterase by fluorophores linked to substituted cysteines
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(29): 22401-22408 (2000)

Probing the active site of aromatase with 2-methyl-substituted androstenedione analogs
, Steroids 68(6): 503-513 (2003)

Probing the active site of the hepatitis C virus serine protease by fluorescence resonance energy transfer
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(20): 15106-15113 (2000)

Probing the active sites and mechanisms of rat metalloproteases meprin A and B
, Biological Chemistry 383(7-8): 1175-1183 (2002)

Probing the active sites of butyrylcholinesterase and cholesterol esterase with isomalathion: conserved stereoselective inactivation of serine hydrolases structurally related to acetylcholinesterase
, Chemical Research in Toxicology 14(7): 807-813 (2001)

Probing the acyl binding site of acetylcholinesterase by protein engineering
, Journal of Molecular Catalysis B Enzymatic 6(3): 287-296 (1998)

Probing the affinity and specificity of yeast alcohol dehydrogenase I for coenzymes
, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 367(2): 240-249 (1999)

Probing the agonist domain of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor by cysteine scanning mutagenesis reveals residues in proximity to the alpha-bungarotoxin binding site
, Biochemistry 38(16): 4912-4921 (1999)

Probing the binding domain of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae alpha-mating factor receptor with rluorescent ligands
, Biochemistry 40(4): 1102-1108 (2001)

Probing the binding of Tb(III) and Eu(III) to the hammerhead ribozyme using luminescence spectroscopy
, Chemistry and Biology 6(11): 801-810 (1999)

Probing the binding of indolactam-V to protein kinase C through site-directed mutagenesis and computational docking simulations
, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 42(18): 3436-3446 (1999)

Probing the binding pocket and endocytosis of a G protein-coupled receptor in live cells reported by a spin-labeled substance P agonist
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(36): 34203-34210 (2003)

Probing the binding pocket of the active site of aromatase with 6-ether or 6-ester substituted androst-4-ene-3,17-diones and their diene and triene analogs
, Steroids 65(12): 871-882 (2000)

Probing the binding site of 800-nm bacteriochlorophyll in the membrane-linked LH2 protein of Rhodobacter capsulatus by local unfolding and chemical modification: evidence for the involvement of a betaHis20 residue
, European Journal of Biochemistry 268(10): 2792-2800 (2001)

Probing the binding sites of exchanged chlorophyll a in LH2 by Raman and site-selection fluorescence spectroscopies
, FEBS Letters 491(1-2): 143-147 (2001)

Probing the binding states of GDP to Cdc42 using urea interaction
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 291(5): 1276-1282 (2002)

Probing the building blocks of eumelanins using scanning electron microscopy
, Pigment Cell Research 13(3): 179-184 (2000)

Probing the caspase-3 active site by fluorescence lifetime measurements
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1598(1-2): 74-79 (2002)

Probing the cassiduloid origins of clypeasteroid echinoids using stratigraphically restricted parsimony analysis
, Paleobiology 27(2): 392-404 (2001)

Probing the catalytic activity of a cell division-specific transpeptidase in vivo with beta-lactams
, Journal of Bacteriology 185(13): 3726-3734 (2003)

Probing the catalytic mechanism of Escherichia coli amine oxidase using mutational variants and a reversible inhibitor as a substrate analogue
, Biochemical Journal 365(Pt 3): 809-816 (2002)

Probing the catalytic mechanism of GDP-4-keto-6-deoxy-d-mannose Epimerase/Reductase by kinetic and crystallographic characterization of site-specific mutants
, Journal of Molecular Biology 303(1): 77-91 (2000)

Probing the catalytic mechanism of the insulin receptor kinase with a tetrafluorotyrosine-containing peptide substrate
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(39): 30394-30398 (2000)

Probing the catalytically essential residues of the alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Thermobacillus xylanilyticus
, Protein Engineering 15(1): 21-28 (2002)

Probing the cathepsin D using a BODIPY FL-pepstatin A: Applications in fluorescence polarization and microscopy
, Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods 42(3): 137-151 (2000)

Probing the cell peripheral movements by optical trapping technique
, Biophysical Journal 84(4): 2664-2670 (2003)

Probing the circadian oscillator of a mammal by two-pulse perturbations
, Chronobiology International 17(2): 129-136 (2000)

Probing the circadian pacemaker of a mouse using two light pulses
, Journal of Biological Rhythms 15(1): 67-73 (2000)

Probing the configurational space of a metalloprotein core: an ab initio molecular dynamics study of Duo Ferro 1 binuclear Zn cofactor
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 125(2): 560-569 (2003)

Probing the conformation of a human apolipoprotein C-1 by amino acid substitutions and trimethylamine-N-oxide
, Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 8(10): 2055-2064 (1999)

Probing the conformation of hemoglobin presbyterian in the R-state
, Journal of Protein Chemistry 22(3): 221-230 (2003)

Probing the conformation of the sugar transport inhibitor phlorizin by 2D-NMR, molecular dynamics studies, and pharmacophore analysis
, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 43(9): 1692-1698 (2000)

Probing the conformational and dynamical effects of O-glycosylation within the immunodominant region of a MUC1 peptide tumor antigen
, Journal of Peptide Research: Official Journal of the American Peptide Society 61(3): 91-108 (2003)

Probing the conformational state of a truncated staphylococcal nuclease R using time of flight mass spectrometry with limited proteolysis
, European Journal of Biochemistry 268(15): 4227-4232 (2001)

Probing the cons and pros of lectin-induced immunomodulation: Case studies for the mistletoe lectin and galectin-1
, Biochimie 83(7): 659-666 (2001)

Probing the contribution of IKs to canine ventricular repolarization: key role for beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation
, Circulation 107(21): 2753-2760 (2003)

Probing the cortical neuronal correlates of a sensory discrimination process
, Archives Italiennes de Biologie 140(3): 253-262 (2002)

Probing the cysteine-34 position of endogenous serum albumin with thiol-binding doxorubicin derivatives. Improved efficacy of an acid-sensitive doxorubicin derivative with specific albumin-binding properties compared to that of the parent compound
, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 45(25): 5523-5533 (2002)

Probing the determinants of coenzyme specificity in ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase by site-directed mutagenesis
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(15): 11902-11912 (2001)

Probing the disulfide folding pathway of insulin-like growth factor-I
, Biotechnology and Bioengineering 62(6): 693-703 (1999)

Probing the domain structure and ligand-induced conformational changes by limited proteolysis of tyrocidine synthetase 1
, Journal of Molecular Biology 288(1): 129-140 (1999)

Probing the dynamics and functions of aurora B kinase in living cells during mitosis and cytokinesis
, Molecular Biology of the Cell 13(4): 1099-1108 (2002)

Probing the dynamics of photosynthetic membranes with fluorescence recovery after photobleaching
, Trends in Plant Science 7(6): 237-240 (2002)

Probing the dynamics of planar supported membranes by Nile red fluorescence lifetime distribution
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1414(1-2): 255-259 (1998)

Probing the dynamics of tissue at low frequencies with the radiation force of ultrasound
, Physics in Medicine and Biology 45(6): 1449-1464 (2000)

Probing the effect of vehicles on topical delivery: Understanding the basic relationship between solvent and solute penetration using silicone membranes
, Pharmaceutical Research 18(7): 999-1005 (2001)

Probing the electrostatic shielding of DNA with capillary electrophoresis
, Biophysical Journal 84(3): 1855-1866 (2003)

Probing the endocytic pathway in live cells using dual-color fluorescence cross-correlation analysis
, Biophysical Journal 83(2): 1184-1193 (2002)

Probing the energetic and structural role of amino acid/nucleobase cation-pi interactions in protein-ligand complexes
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(43): 40816-40822 (2002)

Probing the energetics of dissociation of carbonic anhydrase-ligand complexes in the gas phase
, Biophysical Journal 76(6): 3253-3260 (1999)

Probing the environment of nascent RNA in Escherichia coli transcription elongation complexes utilizing a new fluorescent ribonucleotide analog
, Nucleic Acids Research 27(5): 1369-1376 (1999)

Probing the environment of neurotensin whilst bound to the neurotensin receptor by solid state NMR
, FEBS Letters 518(1-3): 111-115 (2002)

Probing the equilibrium denaturation of the serpin alpha(1)-antitrypsin with single tryptophan mutants; evidence for structure in the urea unfolded state
, Journal of Molecular Biology 313(5): 1161-1169 (2001)

Probing the exposure of tyrosine and tryptophan residues in partially folded proteins and folding intermediates by CIDNP pulse-labeling
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 124(44): 13018-13024 (2002)

Probing the extended binding determinants of oligosaccharyl transferase with synthetic inhibitors of asparagine-linked glycosylation
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 10(3): 281-284 (2000)

Probing the fetal genome: Progress in non-invasive prenatal diagnosis
, Trends in Molecular Medicine 9(8): 339-343 (2003)

Probing the folate-binding site of human thymidylate synthase by site-directed mutagenesis. Generation of mutants that confer resistance to raltitrexed, Thymitaq, and BW1843U89
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(47): 31209-31214 (1998)

Probing the function of Bordetella bronchiseptica adenylate cyclase toxin by manipulating host immunity
, Infection and Immunity 67(3): 1493-1500 (1999)

Probing the function of connexin channels in primary tissues
, Methods 20(2): 232-244 (2000)

Probing the function of conserved residues in the serine/threonine phosphatase PP2Calpha
, Biochemistry 42(28): 8513-8521 (2003)

Probing the function of the conserved tryptophan in the flexible loop of the Yersinia protein-tyrosine phosphatase
, European Journal of Biochemistry 259(3): 809-814 (1999)

Probing the function of the invariant glutamyl residue 312 in spinach ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(51): 34008-34015 (1998)

Probing the functional requirements of the L-haba side-chain of amikacin-synthesis, 16S A-site rRNA binding, and antibacterial activity
, Tetrahedron 59(7): 995-1007, 10 February (2003)

Probing the ground state structure of the green fluorescent protein chromophore using Raman spectroscopy
, Biochemistry 39(15): 4423-4431 (2000)

Probing the human genome in search for a new 3q syndrome
, Annales de Genetique 42(2): 95-100 (1999)

Probing the human hippocampus using rCBF: contrasts in schizophrenia
, Hippocampus 11(5): 543-550 (2001)

Probing the human natural autoantibody repertoire using an immunoscreening approach
, Clinical and Experimental Immunology 121(3): 430-436 (2000)

Probing the immunological properties of the extracellular domains of the human beta(1)-adrenoceptor
, Journal of Autoimmunity 13(2): 179-186 (1999)

Probing the importance and potential roles of the binding of the PH-domain protein Boi1 to acidic phospholipids
, Bmc Cell Biology 3: 16 (2002)

Probing the importance of second sphere residues in an esterolytic antibody by phage display
, Journal of Molecular Biology 284(4): 1083-1094 (1998)

Probing the importance of tRNA anticodon: human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA genome complementarity with an HIV-1 that selects tRNA(Glu) for replication
, Journal of Virology 77(16): 8756-8764 (2003)

Probing the importance of the amino-terminal sequence of the beta- and gamma-chains to the properties of normal adult and fetal hemoglobins
, Biochemistry 40(40): 12169-12177 (2001)

Probing the interaction between inactivation gating and Dd-sotalol block of HERG
, Circulation Research 87(11): 1012-1018 (2000)

Probing the interaction of dengue virus envelope protein with heparin: assessment of glycosaminoglycan-derived inhibitors
, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 44(13): 2178-2187 (2001)

Probing the interaction of the cytotoxic bisdioxopiperazine ICRF-193 with the closed enzyme clamp of human topoisomerase IIalpha
, Molecular Pharmacology 58(3): 560-568 (2000)

Probing the interactions of phosphosulfomannans with angiogenic growth factors by surface plasmon resonance
, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 46(21): 4601-4608 (2003)

Probing the interface between factor Xa and tissue factor in the quaternary complex tissue factor-factor VIIa-factor Xa-tissue factor pathway inhibitor
, European Journal of Biochemistry 270(12): 2576-2582 (2003)

Probing the interface between membrane proteins and membrane lipids by X-ray crystallography
, Trends in Biochemical Sciences 26(2): 106-112 (2001)

Probing the interface of the trp repressor-operator complex using operator sequences containing isosteric base-pair analogues
, Bioorganic Chemistry 27(3): 215-226 (1999)

Probing the intracellular calcium sensitivity of transmitter release during synaptic facilitation
, Neuron 37(5): 801-811 (2003)

Probing the kinesin reaction cycle with a 2D optical force clamp
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(5): 2351-2356 (2003)

Probing the kinetics of beta-amyloid self-association
, Journal of Structural Biology 130(2-3): 109-122 (2000)

Probing the lateral organization of membranes: Fluorescence repercussions of pyrene probe distribution
, Spectrochimica Acta. Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 57(11): 2297-2311 (2001)

Probing the ligand binding domain of the GluR2 receptor by proteolysis and deletion mutagenesis defines domain boundaries and yields a crystallizable construct
, Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 7(12): 2623-2630 (1998)

Probing the ligand-binding domain of the mGluR4 subtype of metabotropic glutamate receptor
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(47): 33488-33495 (1999)

Probing the limits of electrostatic catalysis by uracil DNA glycosylase using transition state mimicry and mutagenesis
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(18): 15385-15392 (2002)

Probing the lipid-free structure and stability of apolipoprotein A-I by mutation
, Biochemistry 39(51): 15910-15919 (2000)

Probing the location and function of the conserved histidine residue of phosphoglucose isomerase by using an active site directed inhibitor N-bromoacetylethanolamine phosphate
, Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 8(11): 2438-2443 (1999)

Probing the mechanism of ATP hydrolysis and substrate translocation in the AAA protease FtsH by modelling and mutagenesis
, Molecular Microbiology 39(4): 890-903 (2001)

Probing the mechanism of a cyanobacterial Delta9 fatty acid desaturase from Spirulina platensis C1 (Arthrospira sp. PCC 9438)
, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 129(4): 831-835 (2001)

Probing the mechanism of a membrane transport protein with affinity inactivators
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(12): 10641-10648 (2003)

Probing the mechanism of fusion in a two-dimensional computer simulation
, Biophysical Journal 82(6): 3072-3080 (2002)

Probing the mechanism of inactivation of human pyruvate dehydrogenase by phosphorylation of three sites
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(8): 5731-5738 (2001)

Probing the mechanism of insulin fibril formation with insulin mutants
, Biochemistry 40(28): 8397-8409 (2001)

Probing the mechanism of rhodopsin-catalyzed transducin activation
, Journal of Neurochemistry 77(1): 202-210 (2001)

Probing the mechanism of the carcinogenic activation of N-nitrosodiethanolamine with deuterium isotope effects: In vivo induction of DNA single-strand breaks and related in vitro assays
, Chemical Research in Toxicology 11(12): 1556-1566 (1998)

Probing the mechanism of transport and compartmentalisation of polyamines in mammalian cells
, Chemistry and Biology 6(10): 717-729 (1999)

Probing the mechanisms of low immunogenicity of a lipocalin allergen, Bos d 2, in a mouse model
, Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 33(6): 834-841 (2003)

Probing the mechanisms of the self ion-molecule reactions of dopamine in an ion trap mass spectrometer
, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: Rcm 17(13): 1479-1482 (2003)

Probing the mechanistic consequences of 5-fluorine substitution on cytidine nucleotide analogue incorporation by HIV-1 reverse transcriptase
, Antiviral Chemistry and ChemoTherapy 14(3): 115-125 (2003)

Probing the membrane topology of a subunit of the mitochondrial protein translocase, Tim44, with biotin maleimide
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 293(1): 321-326 (2002)

Probing the microenvironment of intracellular bacterial pathogens
, Microbes and Infection 1(6): 445-453 (1999)

Probing the modelled structure of wheatwin1 by controlled proteolysis and sequence analysis of unfractionated digestion mixtures
, Proteins 36(2): 192-204 (1999)

Probing the molecular basis for ligand-selective recognition in molecularly imprinted polymers selective for the local anaesthetic bupivacaine
, Analytica Chimica Acta 435(1): 57-64 (2001)

Probing the molecular basis for potent and selective protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B inhibition
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(43): 41014-41022 (2002)

Probing the molecular basis of factor Xa specificity by mutagenesis of the serpin, antithrombin
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1528(2-3): 167-176 (2001)

Probing the molecular environment of membrane proteins in vivo
, Molecular Biology of the Cell 10(8): 2519-2530 (1999)

Probing the multidomain structure of the type I regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase using mutational analysis: Role and environment of endogenous tryptophans
, Biochemistry 39(19): 5662-5671 (2000)

Probing the mysteries of lignin biosynthesis: the crystal structure of caffeic acid/5-hydroxyferulic acid 3/5-O-methyltransferase provides new insights
, Plant Cell 14(6): 1185-1189 (2002)

Probing the native structure of stathmin and its interaction domains with tubulin. Combined use of limited proteolysis, size exclusion chromatography, and mass spectrometry
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(10): 6841-6849 (2000)

Probing the nature of the blue-shifted intermediate of photoactive yellow protein in solution by NMR: Hydrogen-deuterium exchange data and pH studies
, Biochemistry 39(47): 14392-14399 (2000)

Probing the non-mevalonate pathway to phytol in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. UTEX 2470 using deuterium-labeled glucose
, Tetrahedron Letters 39(51): 9373-9376 (1998)

Probing the nucleotide binding domain of the osmoregulator EnvZ using fluorescent nucleotide derivatives
, Biochemistry 41(47): 13876-13882 (2002)

Probing the overlap of chorismate mutase and prephenate dehydrogenase sites in the Escherichia coli T-protein: A dehydrogenase-selective inhibitor
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 12(6): 929-931 (2002)

Probing the penicillin sidechain selectivity of recombinant deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase
, Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: Cmls 58(5-6): 835-843 (2001)

Probing the performance limits of the Escherichia coli metabolic network subject to gene additions or deletions
, Biotechnology and Bioengineering 74(5): 364-375 (2001)

Probing the photoreaction mechanism of phytochrome through analysis of resonance Raman vibrational spectra of recombinant analogues
, Biochemistry 39(10): 2667-2676 (2000)

Probing the physical basis for trp repressor-operator recognition
, Journal of Molecular Biology 287(3): 539-554 (1999)

Probing the physiological state of phytoplankton at the single-cell level
, Scientia Marina 64(2): 183-195 (2000)

Probing the phytopathogenic stem rot fungus with phytoalexins and analogues: Unprecedented glucosylation of camalexin and 6-methoxycamalexin
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 10(10): 3307-3312 (2002)

Probing the primary event in the photocycle of photoactive yellow protein using photochemical hole-burning technique
, Photochemistry and Photobiology 72(5): 639-644 (2000)

Probing the proposed phenyl-A region of the sigma-1 receptor
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 10(8): 2759-2765 (2002)

Probing the proton channel and the retinal binding site of Natronobacterium pharaonis sensory rhodopsin II
, Biophysical Journal 82(4): 2156-2164 (2002)

Probing the rRNA environment of ribosomal protein S5 across the subunit interface and inside the 30 S subunit using tethered Fe(II)
, Journal of Molecular Biology 286(2): 355-364 (1999)

Probing the radical mechanism of galactose oxidase using an ultrafast radical probe
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 9(23): 3341-3346 (1999)

Probing the reactivity of nucleophile residues in human 2,3-diphosphoglycerate/deoxy-hemoglobin complex by aspecific chemical modifications
, FEBS Letters 452(3): 190-194 (1999)

Probing the response selection bottleneck with a cardiac measure: Individual differences in strategy for a psychological refractory period task
, Biological Psychology 59(3): 207-230 (2002)

Probing the role of a conserved M1 proline residue in 5-hydroxytryptamine(3) receptor gating
, Molecular Pharmacology 57(6): 1114-1122 (2000)

Probing the role of a mobile loop in substrate binding and enzyme activity of human salivary amylase
, Journal of Molecular Biology 325(5): 1061-1076 (2003)

Probing the role of active site histidine residues in the catalytic activity of lacrimal gland peroxidase
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 237(1-2): 21-30 (2002)

Probing the role of axial methionine in the blue copper center of azurin with unnatural amino acids
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 125(29): 8760-8768 (2003)

Probing the role of backbone hydrogen bonding in beta-amyloid fibrils with inhibitor peptides containing ester bonds at alternate positions
, Biochemistry 42(2): 475-485 (2003)

Probing the role of glutamic acid 139 of Anabaena ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase in the interaction with substrates
, European Journal of Biochemistry 269(20): 4938-4947 (2002)

Probing the role of interfacial residues in a dimerization inhibitor of HIV-1 protease
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 9(16): 2431-2436 (1999)

Probing the role of linker substituents in bisdioxopiperazine analogs for activity against wild-type and mutant human topoisomerase II alpha
, Molecular Pharmacology 63(5): 1159-1168 (2003)

Probing the role of oligomerization in the high thermal stability of Pyrococcus furiosus ornithine carbamoyltransferase by site-specific mutants
, European Journal of Biochemistry 268(14): 3937-3942 (2001)

Probing the role of structural water in a duplex oligodeoxyribonucleotide containing a water-mimicking base analog
, Nucleic Acids Research 27(17): 3550-3556 (1999)

Probing the role of the C-terminus of Bacillus subtilis chorismate mutase by a novel random protein-termination strategy
, Biochemistry 39(46): 14087-14094 (2000)

Probing the role of the chloride ion in the mechanism of human pancreatic alpha-amylase
, Biochemistry 41(1): 215-225 (2002)

Probing the role of water in the tryptophan repressor-operator complex
, Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 8(6): 1276-1285 (1999)

Probing the roles of key residues in the unique regulatory NADH binding site of type II citrate synthase of Escherichia coli
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(37): 35435-35443 (2003)

Probing the roles of protein kinases in g-protein-coupled receptor desensitization
, Molecular Pharmacology 64(5): 1015-1017 (2003)

Probing the roles of the only universally conserved leucine residue (Leu122) in the oligomerization and chaperone-like activity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis small heat shock protein Hsp16.3
, Journal of Protein Chemistry 19(4): 319-326 (2000)

Probing the selectivity of allosteric modulators of muscarinic receptors at other G-protein-coupled receptors
, Journal of Autonomic Pharmacology 20(1): 55-62 (2000)

Probing the serpin structural-transition mechanism in ovalbumin mutant R339T by proteolytic-cleavage kinetics of the reactive-centre loop
, Biochemical Journal 363(Pt 2): 403-409 (2002)

Probing the sialic acid binding site of the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase of Newcastle disease virus: identification of key amino acids involved in cell binding, catalysis, and fusion
, Journal of Virology 76(4): 1816-1824 (2002 )

Probing the silica surfaces by red blood cells
, Cytometry 49(2): 56-61 (2002)

Probing the size of a hydrophobic binding pocket within the allosteric site of muscarinic acetylcholine M2-receptors
, Life Sciences 66(18): 1675-1682 (2000)

Probing the spatial dependence of the emission spectrum of single human retinal lipofuscin granules using near-field scanning optical microscopy
, Photochemistry and Photobiology 74(2): 364-368 (2001)

Probing the specificity of a trypanosomal aromatic alpha-hydroxy acid dehydrogenase by site-directed mutagenesis
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 293(1): 633-639 (2002)

Probing the specificity of cysteine proteinases at subsites remote from the active site: analysis of P4, P3, P2' and P3' variations in extended substrates
, Biochemical Journal 347 Pt 1: 123-129 (2000)

Probing the specificity of human myeloma proteins with a random peptide phage library
, Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 57(6): 583-590 (2003)

Probing the stability of S-layer-supported planar lipid membranes
, European Biophysics Journal: Ebj 28(7): 583-590 (1999)

Probing the stereoselectivity of the Heck arylation of endocyclic enecarbamates with diazonium salts. Concise syntheses of (2S,5R)-phenylproline methyl ester and Schramm's C-azanucleoside
, Organic Letters 5(3): 305-308 (2003)

Probing the structural and molecular diversity of tumor vasculature
, Trends in Molecular Medicine 8(12): 563-571 (2002)

Probing the structural changes in the light chain of human coagulation factor VIIa due to tissue factor association
, Biophysical Journal 77(1): 99-113 (1999)

Probing the structural determinants of type II' beta-turn formation in peptides and proteins
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 124(7): 1203-1213 (2002)

Probing the structural diversities of long alpha-neurotoxins by fluorescence quenching studies
, Journal of Protein Chemistry 20(2): 115-121 (2001)

Probing the structural features of volatile anesthetic binding sites with synthetic peptides
, Toxicology Letters (Shannon) 100-101: 369-375 (1998)

Probing the structure and dynamics of a DNA hairpin by ultrafast quenching and fluorescence depolarization
, Biophysical Journal 81(2): 1115-1126 (2001)

Probing the structure of RNAIII, the Staphylococcus aureus agr regulatory RNA, and identification of the RNA domain involved in repression of protein A expression
, Rna 6(5): 668-679 (2000)

Probing the structure of falcipain-3, a cysteine protease from Plasmodium falciparum: comparative protein modeling and docking studies
, Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 12(3): 501-509 (2003)

Probing the structure of monomers and dimers of the bacterial virus phi29 hexamer RNA complex by chemical modification
, Rna 6(9): 1257-1266 (2000)

Probing the structure of multi-stranded guanine-rich DNA complexes by Raman spectroscopy and enzymatic degradation
, Biophysical Chemistry 79(1): 11-23 (1999)

Probing the structure of photosystem II with amines and phenylhydrazine
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(7): 4920-4927 (2000)

Probing the structure of rotavirus NSP4: a short sequence at the extreme C terminus mediates binding to the inner capsid particle
, Journal of Virology 74(11): 5388-5394 (2000)

Probing the structure of the PI-SceI-DNA complex by affinity cleavage and affinity photocross-linking
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(4): 2705-2712 (2000)

Probing the structure of the warfarin-binding site on human serum albumin using site-directed mutagenesis
, Proteins 47(2): 116-125 (2002)

Probing the substrate specificity of Escherichia coli RNase E using a novel oligonucleotide-based assay
, Nucleic Acids Research 31(16): 4710-4716 (2003)

Probing the substrate specificity of the intracellular brain platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase
, Protein Engineering 12(8): 693-700 (1999)

Probing the surface of a sweet protein: NMR study of MNEI with a paramagnetic probe
, Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 10(8): 1498-1507 (2001)

Probing the surface of eukaryotic cells using combinatorial toxin libraries
, Current Biology: Cb 11(9): 697-701 (2001)

Probing the surface of living diatoms with atomic force microscopy: The nanostructure and nanomechanical properties of the mucilage layer
, Journal of Phycology 39(4): 722-734 (2003)

Probing the surface polarity of native celluloses using genuine solvatochromic dyes
, Cellulose 9(1): 31-40 (2002)

Probing the tertiary structure of multidomain proteins by limited proteolysis and mass spectrometry
, European Mass Spectrometry 4(4): 279-285 (1998 )

Probing the three-dimensional structure of human calreticulin
, Biochemistry 39(48): 14950-14959 (2000)

Probing the time course of nonlinear discriminations during human electrodermal conditioning
, Learning and Motivation 33(2): 269-283 (2002)

Probing the topological arrangement of the N- and C-terminal residues of bradykinin for agonist activity at the B1 receptor
, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 42(17): 3369-3377 (1999)

Probing the transducin nucleotide binding site with GDP analogues
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 11(9): 1185-1188 (2001)

Probing the transition state via photoelectron and photodetachment spectroscopy of H(3)O(-)
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99(18): 11579-11582 (2002)

Probing the ubiquinone reduction site in bovine mitochondrial complex I using a series of synthetic ubiquinones and inhibitors
, Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes 33(3): 223-231 (2001)

Probing the unfolding pathway of alpha1-antitrypsin
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(14): 9482-9488 (1999)

Probing the vitamin D sterol-binding pocket of human vitamin D-binding protein with bromoacetate affinity labeling reagents containing the affinity probe at C-3, C-6, C-11, and C-19 positions of parent vitamin D sterols
, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 373(2): 471-478 (2000)

Probing the volume changes during voltage gating of Porin 31BM channel with nonelectrolyte polymers
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1612(2): 144-153 (2003)

Probing transfer of an IncP replicon to natural marine bacteria
, Revista de Biologia Marina y Oceanografia 35(2): 121-125 (2000)

Probing transmembrane topology of the high-affinity sodium/glucose cotransporter (SGLT1) with Histidine-tagged mutants
, Journal of Membrane Biology 170(3): 243-252 (1999)

Probing triplex formation by EPR spectroscopy using a newly synthesized spin label for oligonucleotides
, Nucleic Acids Research 30(23): 5328-5337 (2002)

Probiotic activities of Lactobacillus casei rhamnosus: in vitro adherence to intestinal cells and antimicrobial properties
, Research in Microbiology 152(2): 167-173 (2001)

Probiotic agents and infectious diseases: a modern perspective on a traditional therapy
, Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 32(11): 1567-1576 (2001)

Probiotic bacteria and intestinal health: New methods of investigation
, Journal of Physiology Paris 94(2): 157-158 (2000)

Probiotic bacteria in the management of atopic disease: underscoring the importance of viability
, Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 36(2): 223-227 (2003)

Probiotic drugs on the basis of the sporulating microorganisms of the genera Bacillus and their application in veterinary
, Biotekhnologiya 2: 48-56 (2001)

Probiotic efficiency for industrial poultry keeping
, Sel'skokhozyaistvennaya Biologiya 4: 26-30 (2003)

Probiotic fermentation of indigenous food mixture: Effect on antinutrients and digestibility of starch and protein
, Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 14(6): 601-609 (2001)

Probiotic fermentation of indigenously developed BWGT food blend: Effect on in vitro digestibilities of protein and starch
, Annals of Biology 17(2): 219-222 (2001)

Probiotic fermentation of indigenously developed RSMT mixture: Effect on antinutrients and digestibility of starch and proteins
, Journal of Food Science and Technology (Mysore) 36(1): 71-73 (1999)

Probiotic impact on microbial flora, inflammation and tumour development in IL-10 knockout mice
, Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 15(8): 1219-1225 (2001)

Probiotics and Crohn's disease
, Digestive and Liver Disease: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver 34(Suppl): S66-S67 (2002)

Probiotics and Helicobacter pylori eradication
, Digestive and Liver Disease: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver 34(Suppl): S81-S83 (2002)

Probiotics and atopic dermatitis. A new strategy in atopic dermatitis
, Digestive and Liver Disease: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver 34(Suppl): S68-S71 (2002)

Probiotics and connected products. Properties in animal nutrition and veterinary medicine
, Norsk Veterinaertidsskrift 111(3): 141-143 (1999)

Probiotics and gastrointestinal health
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 95(1 Suppl): S2-S4 (2000)

Probiotics and immune response
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 95(1 Suppl): S22-S25 (2000)

Probiotics and infectious diarrhea
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 95(1 Suppl): S16-S18 (2000)

Probiotics and inflammatory bowel diseases
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 95(1 Suppl): S19-S21 (2000)

Probiotics feeding in prevention of urinary tract infection, bacterial sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants. A prospective double-blind study
, Biology of the Neonate 82(2): 103-108 (2002)

Probiotics for infectious diarrhoea
, Gut 52(3): 436-437 (2003)

Probiotics in IBD
, Gut 49(6): 873 (2001)

Probiotics in antibiotic-associated diarrhoea
, Digestive and Liver Disease: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver 34(Suppl): S78-S80 (2002)

Probiotics in broiler production: A review
, Archiv fuer Gefluegelkunde 66(2): 49-58 (2002)

Probiotics in gnotobiotic mice: Conversion of cholesterol to coprostanol in vitro and in vivo and bile acid deconjugation in vitro
, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease 12(4): 219-224 (2000)

Probiotics in infective diarrhoea and inflammatory bowel diseases
, Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 15(5): 489-493 (2000)

Probiotics in inflamatory bowel disease
, Gut 48(5): 609 (2001)

Probiotics in prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhoea: meta-analysis
, BMJ 324(7350): 1361 (2002)