Section 12
Chapter 11,201

Probes for narcotic receptor mediated phenomena. Part 28: New opioid antagonists from enantiomeric analogues of 5- (3-hydroxyphenyl) -N-phenylethylmorphan

Hashimoto, A.; Jacobson, A.E.; Rothman, R.B.; Dersch, C.M.; George, C.; Flippen-Anderson, J.L.; Rice, K.C.

Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 10(10): 3319-3329


ISSN/ISBN: 0968-0896
PMID: 12150879
DOI: 10.1016/s0968-0896(02)00219-5
Accession: 011200473

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Enantiomeric analogues of 5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)morphan ligands were synthesized and evaluated because of our unexpected finding that opioid antagonists can be obtained in the 5-phenylmorphan series of opioids without sterically hindering the rotation of the phenolic ring. We determined the opioid receptor binding affinity of these new analogues, as well as the efficacy of the more interesting ligands. One of the new compounds [(1R,5S)-(-)-3-[2-(3'-phenylpropyl)-2-azabicyclo[3.3.1]non-5-yl]-phenol, 15] was found to have half of the efficacy of naloxone, a potent opioid antagonist, in the [(35)S]GTPgammaS assay, and two others (1R,5S)-(-)-3-[2-(4'-phenylbutyl)-2-azabicyclo[3.3.1]non-5-yl]-phenol, 17, and (1R,5S,1'S)-(+)-3-[2-(1'-methyl-2'-phenylethyl)-2-azabicyclo[3.3.1]non-5-yl]-phenol, 26, acted as moderately potent opioid antagonists. X-ray crystallographic structure data were obtained on three compounds. Two of them had three chiral centers; 25 [(1R,5S,1'R)-(-)-3-[2-(1'-methyl-2'-phenylethyl)-2-azabicyclo[3.3.1]non-5-yl]-phenol] was determined to have the 1R,5S,1'R configuration, and 26 the 1R,5S,1'S configuration. Since (1S,5R)-(+)-2-bromo-5-[2-(2'-phenylethyl)-2-azabicyclo[3.3.1]non-5-yl]-phenol (32) was a position isomer of (1S,5R)-(+)-4-bromo-3-[2-(2'-phenylethyl)-2-azabicyclo[3.3.1]non-5-yl]-phenol (30), and both showed the same 1H NMR spectrum, the structure of 32 was unequivocally determined by X-ray structure analysis.

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