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Processing of human intestinal prolactase to an intermediate form by furin or by a furin-like proprotein convertase



Processing of human intestinal prolactase to an intermediate form by furin or by a furin-like proprotein convertase



Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(45): 29430-6



Human lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (human-LPH) is synthesized as a large precursor (prepro-LPH), then cleaved to a pro-LPH of 220 kDa which is further cut to a "mature-like LPH" of a size close to that of mature LPH, i.e. about 150 kDa (in the processing of rabbit pro-LPH the intermediate has a mass of approximately 180 kDa). By coexpression of human prepro-LPH with furin in COS-7 cells we show that furin generates a mature-like LPH. Radioactive amino acid sequence analysis reveals that furin recognizes the motif R-T-P-R832, a protein convertase consensus, to generate a NH2 terminus located 36 amino acids upstream of the NH2 terminal found in vivo at Ala869. This intermediate is ultimately cleaved to the mature LPH form by other proteases including the pancreatic ones. These data demonstrate that human pro-LPH, like the rabbit enzyme, is processed to the mature enzyme by furin or furin-like enzymes through at least an intermediate form that has, however, an apparent mass close to that of the mature enzyme.

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Accession: 011201980

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PMID: 9792647

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.273.45.29430


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