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Prolactin release during the estradiol-induced LH surge in ewes: modulation by progesterone but no evidence for prolactin-releasing peptide involvement



Prolactin release during the estradiol-induced LH surge in ewes: modulation by progesterone but no evidence for prolactin-releasing peptide involvement



Journal of Endocrinology 177(3): 453-460



An estradiol-induced prolactin surge accompanies the LH surge in several species, including sheep. However, the neural mechanisms underlying this surge remain poorly understood. A first study on estradiol- and progesterone-treated ovariectomized ewes examined whether the prolactin surge, like the LH surge, is sensitive to progesterone. Our data clearly showed that the estradiol-induced prolactin surge in the ewe is blocked by continuous exposure to progesterone and, importantly, that this blockade is overcome by pretreatment with the progesterone receptor antagonist, RU486. In a second study, we established that the generation of the prolactin surge is not dependent on the co-secretion of a prolactin-releasing peptide in the hypophyseal portal blood or cerebrospinal fluid. The neuronal pathways targeted by estradiol and progesterone to modulate prolactin secretion at the time of the LH surge remain to be identified. Importantly, it has not been established whether there is any overlap in the neuronal systems generating the gonadotropin-releasing hormone and prolactin surges.

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Accession: 011209094

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12773126

DOI: 10.1677/joe.0.1770453


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