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Regulation of hemopexin synthesis in degenerating and regenerating rat sciatic nerve

, : Regulation of hemopexin synthesis in degenerating and regenerating rat sciatic nerve. Journal of Neurochemistry 72(2): 708-715, Feb

In injured peripheral nerves, hemopexin mRNA is expressed by fibroblasts, Schwann cells, and invading blood macrophages, and the protein accumulates in the extracellular matrix. This and its absence of regulation in injured central optic nerve suggest that hemopexin could play a positive role in peripheral nerve repair. Here, we studied the regulation of hemopexin expression in degenerating and regenerating nerves. After a sciatic nerve injury, both the synthesis of hemopexin and the level of its mRNA increase sharply during the first 2 days, leading to an accumulation of hemopexin in the nerve. Afterward, hemopexin expression decreases progressively in regenerating nerves. In permanently degenerated nerves, it is again transiently increased and then strongly decreased, whereas hemopexin from blood origin is accumulating. As part of the elucidation of the complex regulation of hemopexin expression in injured nerves, we demonstrate that interleukin-6 increases hemopexin synthesis in intact nerves, whereas adult rat serum, but not purified hemopexin, inhibits it in degenerated nerves. Hemopexin, known as acute-phase protein, is therefore one of the molecules rapidly and specifically up-regulated in injured peripheral nerves. More generally, our findings suggest that the acute phase could be not only a systemic liver-specific response but also a reaction of injured tissues themselves.

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Accession: 011268877

PMID: 9930744

DOI: 10.1046/j.1471-4159.1999.0720708.x

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