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Regulation of nitric oxide production by murine peritoneal macrophages treated in vitro with chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein 1



Regulation of nitric oxide production by murine peritoneal macrophages treated in vitro with chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein 1



Nitric Oxide 5(6): 566-579



Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) is an important mediator of monocyte/macrophage recruitment and activation at the sites of chronic inflammation and neoplasia. In the current study, the role of nitrogen monoxide (NO) in the activation of murine peritoneal macrophages to the tumoricidal state in response to in vitro MCP-1 treatment and the regulatory mechanisms involved therein were investigated. Murine peritoneal macrophages upon activation with MCP-1 showed a dose- and time-dependent production of NO together with increased tumoricidal activity against P815 mastocytoma cells. N-monomethyl-l-arginine (L-NMMA), a specific inhibitor of the l-arginine pathway, inhibited the MCP-1-induced NO secretion and generation of macrophage-mediated tumoricidal activity against P815 (NO-sensitive, TNF-resistant) cells but not the L929 (TNF-sensitive, NO-resistant) cells. These results indicated l-arginine-dependent production of NO to be one of the effector mechanisms contributing to the tumoricidal activity of MCP-1-treated macrophages. Supporting this fact, expression of iNOS mRNA was also detected in the murine peritoneal macrophages upon treatment with MCP-1. Investigating the signal transduction pathway responsible for the NO production by the MCP-1-activated murine peritoneal macrophages, it was observed that the pharmacological inhibitors wortmannin, H-7 (1-(5-isoquinoline sulfonyl)-2-methyl piperazine dihydrochloride), and PD98059 blocked the MCP-1-induced NO production, suggesting the probable involvement of phosphoinositol-3-kinase, protein kinase C, and p42/44 MAPkinases in the above process. Various modulators of calcium and calmodulin (CaM) such as EGTA, nifedipine, TMB-8 (3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid-8-(diethylamino)octyl ester), A23187, and W-7 (N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-napthalenesulfonamide) were also found to modulate the in vitro macrophage NO release in response to MCP-1. This observation indicated the regulatory role of calcium/CaM in the process of MCP-1-induced macrophage NO production. Similarly, the role of serine/threonine and protein tyrosine phosphatases in the above pathway was suggested using the specific inhibitors of these phosphatases, okadaic acid and sodium orthovanadate.

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Accession: 011269785

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PMID: 11730364

DOI: 10.1006/niox.2001.0370


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