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Relationship between reproductive resource allocation and resource capacity in the matriphagous spider, Chiracanthium japonicum (Araneae: Clubionidae)



Relationship between reproductive resource allocation and resource capacity in the matriphagous spider, Chiracanthium japonicum (Araneae: Clubionidae)



Journal of Ethology 21(1): 1-7



Females of the Japanese foliage spider, Chiracanthium japonicum, are eaten by their offspring at the end of the maternal care period. To examine the patterns of allocation of maternal investment to their offspring associated with female resource capacity, the amounts of female body reserves accumulated before oviposition, reproductive components at the egg-production phase and those at the matriphagy phase were measured using an artificial breeding nest. Regardless of size, female bodies were completely consumed by the offspring, and larger females, i.e. those having larger reserves, produced a larger number of offspring, but not larger offspring. Furthermore, the proportion of reserves allocated to egg production was not affected by the total amount of the reserves, which indicated that the females systematically divided the resources for individual offspring between egg yolk and food for the growth and survival of the offspring. These results suggest that C. japonicum females adjust egg production to their own resource capacity so that they can achieve an investment per individual offspring which is not dependent on resource capacity.

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Accession: 011275694

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DOI: 10.1007/s10164-002-0067-6


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