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Selective in vitro expansion and efficient retroviral transduction of human CD34+ CD38- haematopoietic stem cells



Selective in vitro expansion and efficient retroviral transduction of human CD34+ CD38- haematopoietic stem cells



British Journal of Haematology 117(1): 226-237



Ex vivo expansion of primitive human haematopoietic stem cells (HSC) is clinically relevant for stem cell transplantation and gene therapy. Here, we demonstrate the selective expansion of CD34+CD38- cells from purified CD34+ cells upon stimulation with Flt3-ligand, stem cell factor and thrombopoietin. Over a 100-fold (range 80 to 128-fold) expansion of CD34+CD38- cells was observed with bone marrow and cord blood (CB). The expanded CD34+CD38- cells remained negative for lineage-specific markers and could be induced to differentiate into granulocytes, monocytes, megakaryocytes, erythrocytes, and T and B-lymphocytes in vitro. Lineage differentiation assays with single CD34+CD38- cells nyshowed no loss of multilineage potential of expanded cells after ex vivo culture. We also demonstrated that the increase in frequency of CD34+CD38- cells was not as a result of the downregulation of CD38 expression during the culture. Quantitative analysis showed that the number of 6 week cobblestone area forming cells (CAFCwk6), a measure of proliferating HSC, in cytokine-stimulated CD34+ cells were increased by 20-fold. Expanded CD34+CD38- cells could be transduced efficiently with retroviruses encoding the low affinity nerve growth factor receptor (LNGFR) marker gene (17% to 44%, mean 27%), resulting in long-lasting expression of retroviral-encoded genes in progeny HSC and differentiated progenitors. We conclude that the combination Flt3-ligand (FL), stem cell factor and thrombopoietin (TPO) induced strong ex vivo proliferation of CD34+CD38- cells and that the absolute number of expanded cells with stem cell activity increased substantially in this population.

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Accession: 011336925

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11918560

DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2141.2002.03370.x


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