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Selectivity and regulation of A-kinase anchoring proteins in the heart. The role of autophosphorylation of the type II regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase



Selectivity and regulation of A-kinase anchoring proteins in the heart. The role of autophosphorylation of the type II regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase



Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(52): 41389-41395



Downstream regulation of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) pathway is mediated by anchoring proteins (AKAPs) that sequester PKA to specific subcellular locations through binding to PKA regulatory subunits (RI or RII). The RII-binding domain of all AKAPs forms an amphipathic alpha-helix with similar secondary structure. However, the importance of sequence differences in the RII-binding domains of different AKAPs is unknown, and mechanisms that regulate AKAP-PKA affinity are not clearly defined. Using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy, we measured real-time kinetics of RII interaction with various AKAPs. Base-line equilibrium binding constants (K(d)) for RII binding to Ht31, mAKAP, and AKAP15/18 were 10 nm, 119 nm, and 6.6 microm, respectively. PKA stimulation of intact Chinese hamster ovary cells increased RIIalpha binding to AKAP100/mAKAP and AKAP15/18 by approximately 7- and 82-fold, respectively. These results suggest that differences in primary sequence of the RII-binding domain may be responsible for the selective affinity of RII for different AKAPs. Furthermore, RII autophosphorylation may provide additional localized regulation of kinase anchoring. In cardiac myocytes, disruption of RII-AKAP interaction decreased PKA phosphorylation of the PKA substrate, myosin-binding protein C. Thus, these mechanisms may be involved in adding additional specificity in intracellular signaling in diverse cell types and under conditions of cAMP/PKA activation.

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Accession: 011338159

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PMID: 10993882

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m004212200


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