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Sequence dependence of energy transfer in DNA oligonucleotides

Sequence dependence of energy transfer in DNA oligonucleotides

Biophysical Journal 78(2): 1042-1058

The sequence, temperature, concentration, and solvent dependence of singlet energy transfer from normal DNA bases to the 2-aminopurine base in synthesized DNA oligomers were investigated by optical spectroscopy. Transfer was shown directly by a variable fluorescence excitation band at 260-280 nm. Adenine (A) is the most efficient energy donor by an order of magnitude. Stacks of A adjacent to 2AP act as an antenna for 2AP excitation. An interposed G, C, or T base between A and 2AP effectively blocks transfer from A to 2AP. Base stacking facilitates transfer, while base pairing reduces energy transfer slightly. The efficiency is differentially temperature dependent in single- and double-stranded oligomers and is highest below 0 degrees C in samples measured. An efficiency transition occurs well below the melting transition of a double-stranded decamer. The transfer efficiency in the duplex decamer d(CTGA[2AP]TTCAG)(2) is moderately dependent on the sample and salt concentration and is solvent dependent. Transfer at physiological temperature over more than a few bases is improbable, except along consecutive A's, indicating that singlet energy transfer is not a major factor in the localization of UV damage in DNA. These results have features in common with recently observed electron transfer from 2AP to G in oligonucleotides.

Accession: 011343713

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10653818

DOI: 10.1016/S0006-3495(00)76663-X

Download PDF Full Text: Sequence dependence of energy transfer in DNA oligonucleotides

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