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Simultaneous expression of CS3 colonization factor antigen and LT-B/ST fusion enterotoxin antigen of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli by attenuated Salmonella typhimurium



Simultaneous expression of CS3 colonization factor antigen and LT-B/ST fusion enterotoxin antigen of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli by attenuated Salmonella typhimurium



Yi Chuan Xue Bao 29(4): 370-376



LT and ST are the main enterotoxins of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) found in clinical isolates, and CS3 (the common antigen in the CFA/II family of fimbrial antigens) is one of the most prevalent antigens of colonization factors. The genetic determinants encoding CS3 and LT-B/ST fusion toxin were manipulated so that these important antigens are expressed simultaneously in attenuated Salmonella typhimurium oral vaccine strain X4072. These antigens produced by X4072 (pXZL88) could be recognized with monospecific CS3, LT or ST antibodies respectively. The specific antibodies against CS3, LT and ST could be detected. In the sera of immunized mice via oral route with the live bacteria. Significantly, the antibody to ST was able to neutralize the biological activity of native ST. This prototype construct may be proved to be useful in investigating the live vector approach to immunoprophylaxis of ETEC diarrhea disease.

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Accession: 011362974

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PMID: 11985274


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