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Specific inhibitors of p38 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways block inducible nitric oxide synthase and tumor necrosis factor accumulation in murine macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma



Specific inhibitors of p38 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways block inducible nitric oxide synthase and tumor necrosis factor accumulation in murine macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma



Journal of Infectious Diseases 179(4): 939-944



Whether p38 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades are required for inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) accumulation in RAW 264.7 murine macrophages exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) plus recombinant interferon-gamma (rIFN-gamma) was investigated. By use of Western blotting for iNOS detection and ELISA for quantitation of TNF secretion, three selective inhibitors of these pathways were tested (the p38 inhibitors SB202190 and SB203580 and the MEK 1,2/ERK inhibitor PD98059). Dose-related inhibition of iNOS production was demonstrated when inhibitors were added 1 b before, simultaneously with, or 1 h after LPS plus rIFN-gamma stimulation. In contrast, inhibition of TNF secretion was observed only when cells were preincubated with these agents. Thus, both the p38 and ERK pathways are involved in the up-regulation of iNOS and TNF production by murine macrophages, and specific inhibitors of these pathways block macrophage iNOS production even when added 1 h after activation of these cells.

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Accession: 011385100

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10068590

DOI: 10.1086/314659


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