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Stepwise assembly of a glucocorticoid receptorcntdothsp90 heterocomplex resolves two sequential ATP-dependent events involving first hsp70 and then hsp90 in opening of the steroid binding pocket


Stepwise assembly of a glucocorticoid receptorcntdothsp90 heterocomplex resolves two sequential ATP-dependent events involving first hsp70 and then hsp90 in opening of the steroid binding pocket



Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(24): 18054-18060



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

A system of five purified proteins that assembles stable glucocorticoid receptor (GR)-hsp90 heterocomplexes has been reconstituted from reticulocyte lysate. Two proteins, hsp90 and hsp70, are required for the activation of steroid binding activity that occurs with heterocomplex assembly, and three proteins, Hop, hsp40, p23, act as co-chaperones that enhance activation and assembly (Morishima, Y., Kanelakis, K. C., Silverstein, A. M., Dittmar, K. D., Estrada, L., and Pratt, W. B. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 6894-6900). Here we demonstrate that the first step in assembly is the ATP-dependent and hsp40 (YDJ-1)-dependent binding of hsp70 to the GR. After elimination of free hsp70, these preformed GRcntdothsp70 complexes can be activated to the steroid binding state by the hsp70 free assembly system in a second ATP-dependent step. hsp90 is required for opening of the steroid binding pocket and is converted to its ATP-dependent conformation during this second step. We predict that hsp70 in its ATP-dependent conformation binds initially to the folded receptor and is then converted to the ADP-dependent form with high affinity for hydrophobic substrate. This conversion initiates the opening of the hydrophobic steroid binding pocket such that it can now accept the hydrophobic binding form of hsp90, which in turn must be converted to its ATP-dependent conformation for the pocket to be accessible by steroid.

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