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Structure of lamina propria lymphoid follicles and associated epithelium in the gastric mucosa during Helicobacter pylori infection in ulcer-bearing Mongolian gerbils



Structure of lamina propria lymphoid follicles and associated epithelium in the gastric mucosa during Helicobacter pylori infection in ulcer-bearing Mongolian gerbils



Journal of Submicroscopic Cytology and Pathology 32(2): 159-167



To develop a gerbil model of Helicobacter pylori-induced chronic active gastritis comparable in severity to human lesions, we made acetic acid-induced ulcer in the anterior antral wall and concurrently challenged 1 x 10(8) colony-forming units bacteria per os. At 30 and 60 days after inoculation, the number of viable bacteria colonizing on the surface epithelium of the gastric mucosa was larger in ulcer-bearing animals compared to non-bearing ones. Furthermore, in the former animals, neutrophil and mononuclear cell infiltration as well as lymphoid follicle formation in the lamina propria was more prominent. Electron microscopically, lymphoid follicle-associated epithelium displayed specialized structures. Namely, brush cells interposed between mucous epithelial cells and characterized by prominent microfilament bundles and many apical vesicles or caveola specifically embraced the cluster of intraepithelially invading lymphocytes and macrophage-like cells by the attenuated cytoplasm in an analogous manner to M cells in Peyer's patches. The present study has demonstrated that ulcer formation enhances both H. pylori colonization and lamina propria lymphoid follicle formation and suggested that follicle-associated epithelium might play roles in the delivery of intraluminal antigen.

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Accession: 011409802

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PMID: 11085204


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