Subtype-selective inhibition of (methyl-3H) -N-methylscopolamine binding to muscarinic receptors by alpha-truxillic acid esters

Lysikova, M.; Fuksova, K.; Elbert, T.; Jakubik, J.; Tucek, S.

British Journal of Pharmacology 127(5): 1240-1246


ISSN/ISBN: 0007-1188
Accession: 011422567

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1 Seven esters of alpha-truxillic acid have been synthesized: bis-3-piperidylpropyl ester and its quaternary bis-N-ethyl derivative, bis-N-diethylaminopropyl ester and its quaternary bis-N-methyl derivative, and bis-4-piperidylbutyl ester and its quaternary bis-N-methyl and bis-N-ethyl derivatives. 2 All esters inhibited the specific binding of muscarinic receptor antagonist (methyl-3H)-N-methylscopolamine ((3H)-NMS) to muscarinic receptors in membranes of CHO cell lines stably expressing the human gene for the M1, M2, M3, or M4 subtype of muscarinic receptors. All esters displayed the highest potency at the M2 and the lowest potency at the M3 receptor subtype. 3 In experiments performed on the M2 muscarinic receptor subtype, the affinity between the receptors and the esters was greatly increased when the concentration of ions was diminished. The highest affinities were found for the tertiary bis-3-piperidylpropyl and bis-4-piperidylbutyl aminoesters (equilibrium dissociation constant of 52 and 179 pM, respectively, in the low ionic strength medium). 4 All investigated esters slowed down the dissociation of (3H)-NMS from the M2 muscarinic receptor subtype. (3H)-NMS dissociation from the M1, M3 and M4 muscarinic receptor subtypes was investigated in experiments with the bis-4-piperidylbutyl aminoester and also found to be decelerated. 5 It is concluded that the esters of alpha-truxillic acid act as M2-selective allosteric modulators of muscarinic receptors and that, by their potency, the tertiary bis-3-piperidylpropyl and bis-4-piperidylbutyl aminoesters surpass the other known allosteric modulators of these receptors.