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Sustained norepinephrine stimulation induces different regulation of expression in three alpha1-adrenoceptor subtypes


Sustained norepinephrine stimulation induces different regulation of expression in three alpha1-adrenoceptor subtypes



Life Sciences 69(3): 301-308



ISSN/ISBN: 0024-3205

PMID: 11441921

The norepinephrine (NE)-induced regulation of alpha1-adrenoceptors (ARs) expression in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells stably expressing cloned alpha1-AR subtypes with similar receptor densities was investigated. In the presence of 10 microM propranolol, the treatment of cells with 10 microM NE for 4-72 h down-regulated alpha1A- and alpha1D-AR. but increased alpha1B-AR expression in a time-dependent manner. The down-regulation of alpha1A-AR reached maximum of 40.3 +/- 14.7 % at 48h. The down-regulation of alpha1D-AR reached maximum of 51.3 +/- 3.7% at 24h. With the stimulation of NE, alpha1B-AR density was increased maximally by 112.4 +/- 43.4% at 48h. The protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor calphostin C or R0-31-8220 abolished the NE-induced down-regulation of alpha1A- and alpha1D-AR, but showed no effect on the up-regulation of alpha1B-AR. The PKC agonist PMA not only mimicked the NE-induced down-regulation of alpha1A- and alpha1D-AR, but also induced a down-regulation of alpha1B-AR. The endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) or thapsigargin, or the calcium chelator BAPTA/AM did not affect the down-regulation of alpha1A-AR, but inhibited the up-regulation of alpha1B-AR induced by NE. Calmodulin antagonist W-7. tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein or tyrphostin A25 had no effect on NE-induced up-regulation of alpha1B-AR. The results suggest that three alpha1-AR subtypes are differently regulated by sustained NE stimulation with different signal transduction pathways.

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Accession: 011434422

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