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Synthesis of novel heterobranched beta-cyclodextrins from 4(2)-O-beta-D-galactosyl-maltose and beta-cyclodextrin by the reverse action of pullulanase, and isolation and characterization of the products



Synthesis of novel heterobranched beta-cyclodextrins from 4(2)-O-beta-D-galactosyl-maltose and beta-cyclodextrin by the reverse action of pullulanase, and isolation and characterization of the products



Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 64(6): 1223-1229



From the mixture of 4(2)-O-beta-D-galactosyl-maltose (Gal-G2) and beta-cyclodextrin (betaCD), novel heterobranched betaCDs, (Gal-G2)-betaCD and (Gal-G2)2-betaCDs, were synthesized by the reverse action of debranching enzyme. The optimum conditions for the production of (Gal-G2)2-betaCDs were examined. A mixture of (Gal-G2)2-betaCDs was produced in about 4% yield when Aerobacter aerogenes pullulanase (64 units per 1 g of Gal-G2) was incubated with 1.6 M Gal-G2 and 0.16 M betaCD at 50 degrees C for 4 days. The reaction products, (Gal-G2)2-betaCDs, were separated into three peaks by HPLC analysis on a Hypercarb S column. Their structures were analyzed by fast atom bombardment mass spectroscopy and NMR spectroscopies, and confirmed by comparison of their hydrolyzates by beta-galactosidase with the authentic (G2)2 -betaCDs. The structures of (Gal-G2)-betaCD and three components of (Gal-G2)2-betaCDs were identified as 6-O-(GalG2)-betaCD, 6(1),6(2)-, 6(1),6(3)- and 6(1),6(4)-di-O-(Gal-G2)2-betaCD, respectively.

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Accession: 011444479

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PMID: 10923794

DOI: 10.1271/bbb.64.1223


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