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T-cell receptor repertoire in hereditary hemochromatosis: A study of 32 hemochromatosis patients and 274 healthy subjects

T-cell receptor repertoire in hereditary hemochromatosis: A study of 32 hemochromatosis patients and 274 healthy subjects

Human Immunology 62(5): 488-499

Low CD8(+) T lymphocyte numbers have contributed to deciphering the genotype/phenotype discrepancies found in hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) patients genotyped for the Hfe mutations, C282Y and H63D. In this study, we extend the analysis of T lymphocytes in HH to the T cell receptor (TcR) repertoire. Thirty-two HH patients (C282Y homozygous) and 274 Hfe genotyped healthy subjects were studied. The following TcR chains were analyzed: Valpha2.3, Vbeta5.1, Vbeta5.2, Vbeta5.3, Vbeta6.7, Vbeta8, and Vbeta12 among the CD4(+) and CD8(+) populations. Lymphopenias and absence of expansions of the Vbeta5.2 and Vbeta12 chains in the CD8(+) pool were seen in controls heterozygous for the C282Y mutation. Expansions in the control group were seen within the CD8(+) pool and were rare/absent within the CD4(+) pool. TcR expansions were found more frequent in patients with iron overload related pathology than in patients without pathology. 9/16 of the patients with pathology have at least one expansion among the CD8(+) pool a number significantly higher compared with patients without pathology (1/16). These findings suggest that Hfe has an effect in the shaping of T-cell populations either directly, as indicated by the lymphopenia seen in the two chains in C282Y heterozygous without iron overload, or indirectly by contributing to iron overload pathology.

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Accession: 011449012

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PMID: 11334672

DOI: 10.1016/s0198-8859(01)00233-6

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