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The Narmada Water Resources Project, India: Implementing sustainable development



The Narmada Water Resources Project, India: Implementing sustainable development



Ambio 28(5): 398-403



This paper highlights the importance of water-resources development for food security and overall socioeconomic development. It describes the management associated with Sardar Sarovar (Narmada) Water Resources Project (SSP), which is under implementation in the Indian Narmada basin of the Satpuda and Vindhyan mountains. The SSP is an interstate multipurpose joint venture of four Indian States namely; Madhya Pradesh (M.P.), Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan. The storage dam will submerge 37 533 ha of land and will result in displacement of more than 40 000 families-0.12 million people-from 245 villages in the States of M.P., Gujarat, and Maharashtra. The positive impacts expected from the project are; generation of 1450 megawatts (MW) power; irrigation of a 75 000 ha arid area in Barmer and Jalore districts of Rajasthan and a 1.8 million ha, mostly drought prone, area in Gujarat, environmental improvements etc. The ecosystem approach used in both human rehabilitation and environmental management works for environmentally sustainable development in the Narmada basin and is replicable in mountainous as well as nonmountainous areas.

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