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The alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor subtype mediates contraction in rat femoral resistance arteries

The alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor subtype mediates contraction in rat femoral resistance arteries

European Journal of Pharmacology 422(1-3): 127-135

In this study, alpha(1)-adrenoceptor subtypes were characterised in rat femoral resistance arteries mounted on a small vessel myograph. A-61603 was found to be more potent than noradrenaline and phenylephrine in these arteries. Brimonidine (UK 14304) could not evoke any contractile responses and the sensitivity to noradrenaline and phenylephrine was not affected by (8aR,12aS,13aS)-5,8,8a,9,10,11,12,12a,13a-decahydro-3-methoxy-12-(ethylsulphonyl)-6H-isoquino[2,1-g][1,6]-naphthyridine (RS 79948), ruling out the presence of alpha(2)-adrenoceptors. Prazosin, 5-methyl-urapidil and 2-([2,6-dimethoxyphenoxyethyl]aminomethyl)-1,4-benzodioxane (WB 4101) produced rightward shifts in the sensitivity to noradrenaline, giving pA(2) values of 9.6, 9.4 and 10.4, respectively, in agreement with the presence of alpha(1A)-adrenoceptors. (8-[2-[4-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-8-azaspiro[4.5]decane-7,9-dione (BMY 7378; 1 microM) produced a small shift in the sensitivity of noradrenaline giving a pK(B) of 7.2. In the presence of 300 nM 5-methyl-urapidil, sensitivity to noradrenaline was not further shifted by 1 microM BMY 7378. Responses to noradrenaline were unaffected by the alpha(1B)-adrenoceptor alkylating agent chloroethylclonidine (1 microM). These results suggest alpha(1A)-adrenoceptors mediate contractile responses to noradrenaline in rat femoral resistance arteries.

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Accession: 011475781

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PMID: 11430923

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