The biological activities of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and its synthetic analog 1alpha,25-dihydroxy-16-ene-vitamin D3 in normal human osteoblastic cells and human osteosarcoma SaOS-2 cells are modulated by 17-beta estradiol and dependent on stage of differentiation

Rao, L.G.; Liu, L.J.; Rawlins, M.R.; McBroom, R.J.; Murray, T.M.; Reddy, G.S.; Uskokovic, M.R.; Rao, D.S.; Sutherland, M.K.

Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 24(3): 242-248


ISSN/ISBN: 0918-6158
PMID: 11256478
DOI: 10.1248/bpb.24.242
Accession: 011479761

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We compared the effects of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2D3] and its analog, 1alpha,25-dihydroxy-16-ene-vitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2-16-ene-D3], as well as their interactions with 17-beta estradiol (E2) on osteoblastic function in our human normal (HOB) and osteosarcoma SaOS-2 cell models representing two different stages of differentiation, the more differentiated HOB+DEX cells and SaOS+DEX cells, and the corresponding less differentiated HOB-DEX and SaOS-DEX cells. The differential effects of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 and 1alpha,25(OH)2-16-ene-D3 and the modulation by E2 on ALP activity in HOB-DEX and HOB+DEX cells were small but significant. The most significant effects were seen in SaOS+DEX cells, in which 1alpha,25(OH)2-16-ene-D3 was 100-fold more potent than 1alpha,25(OH)2D3, the maximal enhancement being exerted at 0.1 nM and 10 nM, respectively. E2 enhanced the stimulatory effects of both compounds, with ALP being increased 2-fold at 0.1 nM (p<0.001). Osteocalcin (OC) production in HOB-DEX cells was stimulated 1.3 to 1.4-fold by 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 and 1alpha,25(OH)2-16-ene-D3 at a concentration of 0.01 nM, with E2 inhibiting the effect of 1alpha,25(OH)2-16-ene-D3. In SaOS-DEX and SaOS+DEX cells, 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 and 1alpha,25(OH)2-16-ene-D3 stimulated OC production 1.6-fold at 0.1 nM with E2 slightly enhancing the effect of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3. Western blot analysis of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 receptor (VDR) levels showed that in SaOS+DEX cells, the effect of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 was larger than that of 1alpha,25(OH)2-16-ene-D3. These results show that 1alpha,25(OH)2-16-ene-D3 is biologically active in human osteoblasts.