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The cytoplasmic domain of the integrin alpha9 subunit requires the adaptor protein paxillin to inhibit cell spreading but promotes cell migration in a paxillin-independent manner

The cytoplasmic domain of the integrin alpha9 subunit requires the adaptor protein paxillin to inhibit cell spreading but promotes cell migration in a paxillin-independent manner

Molecular Biology of the Cell 12(10): 3214-3225

ISSN/ISBN: 1059-1524

PMID: 11598204

DOI: 10.1091/mbc.12.10.3214

The integrin alpha9 subunit forms a single heterodimer, alpha9beta1. The alpha9 subunit is most closely related to the alpha4 subunit, and like alpha4 integrins, alpha9beta1 plays an important role in leukocyte migration. The alpha4 cytoplasmic domain preferentially enhances cell migration and inhibits cell spreading, effects that depend on interaction with the adaptor protein, paxillin. To determine whether the alpha9 cytoplasmic domain has similar effects, a series of chimeric and deleted alpha9 constructs were expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells and tested for their effects on migration and spreading on an alpha9beta1-specific ligand. Like alpha4, the alpha9 cytoplasmic domain enhanced cell migration and inhibited cell spreading. Paxillin also specifically bound the alpha9 cytoplasmic domain and to a similar level as alpha4. In paxillin(-/-) cells, alpha9 failed to inhibit cell spreading as expected but surprisingly still enhanced cell migration. Further, mutations that abolished the alpha9-paxillin interaction prevented alpha9 from inhibiting cell spreading but had no effect on alpha9-dependent cell migration. These findings suggest that the mechanisms by which the cytoplasmic domains of integrin alpha subunits enhance migration and inhibit cell spreading are distinct and that the alpha9 and alpha4 cytoplasmic domains, despite sequence and functional similarities, enhance cell migration by different intracellular signaling pathways.

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Accession: 011487004

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